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Subject[ 146/184] softirq: reduce latencies
2.6.32-longterm review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>

In various network workloads, __do_softirq() latencies can be up
to 20 ms if HZ=1000, and 200 ms if HZ=100.

This is because we iterate 10 times in the softirq dispatcher,
and some actions can consume a lot of cycles.

This patch changes the fallback to ksoftirqd condition to :

- A time limit of 2 ms.
- need_resched() being set on current task

When one of this condition is met, we wakeup ksoftirqd for further
softirq processing if we still have pending softirqs.

Using need_resched() as the only condition can trigger RCU stalls,
as we can keep BH disabled for too long.

I ran several benchmarks and got no significant difference in
throughput, but a very significant reduction of latencies (one order
of magnitude) :

In following bench, 200 antagonist "netperf -t TCP_RR" are started in
background, using all available cpus.

Then we start one "netperf -t TCP_RR", bound to the cpu handling the NIC
IRQ (hard+soft)

Before patch :

RT_LATENCY,MIN_LATENCY,MAX_LATENCY,P50_LATENCY,P90_LATENCY,P99_LATENCY,MEAN_LATENCY,STDDEV_LATENCY
MIGRATED TCP REQUEST/RESPONSE TEST from 0.0.0.0 (0.0.0.0) port 0 AF_INET
to 7.7.7.84 () port 0 AF_INET : first burst 0 : cpu bind
RT_LATENCY=550110.424
MIN_LATENCY=146858
MAX_LATENCY=997109
P50_LATENCY=305000
P90_LATENCY=550000
P99_LATENCY=710000
MEAN_LATENCY=376989.12
STDDEV_LATENCY=184046.92

After patch :

RT_LATENCY,MIN_LATENCY,MAX_LATENCY,P50_LATENCY,P90_LATENCY,P99_LATENCY,MEAN_LATENCY,STDDEV_LATENCY
MIGRATED TCP REQUEST/RESPONSE TEST from 0.0.0.0 (0.0.0.0) port 0 AF_INET
to 7.7.7.84 () port 0 AF_INET : first burst 0 : cpu bind
RT_LATENCY=40545.492
MIN_LATENCY=9834
MAX_LATENCY=78366
P50_LATENCY=33583
P90_LATENCY=59000
P99_LATENCY=69000
MEAN_LATENCY=38364.67
STDDEV_LATENCY=12865.26

Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com>
Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Tom Herbert <therbert@google.com>
Cc: Ben Hutchings <bhutchings@solarflare.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
(cherry picked from commit c10d73671ad30f54692f7f69f0e09e75d3a8926a)
Signed-off-by: Willy Tarreau <w@1wt.eu>
---
kernel/softirq.c | 17 +++++++++--------
1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/softirq.c b/kernel/softirq.c
index 04a0252..d75c136 100644
--- a/kernel/softirq.c
+++ b/kernel/softirq.c
@@ -194,21 +194,21 @@ void local_bh_enable_ip(unsigned long ip)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(local_bh_enable_ip);

/*
- * We restart softirq processing MAX_SOFTIRQ_RESTART times,
- * and we fall back to softirqd after that.
+ * We restart softirq processing for at most 2 ms,
+ * and if need_resched() is not set.
*
- * This number has been established via experimentation.
+ * These limits have been established via experimentation.
* The two things to balance is latency against fairness -
* we want to handle softirqs as soon as possible, but they
* should not be able to lock up the box.
*/
-#define MAX_SOFTIRQ_RESTART 10
+#define MAX_SOFTIRQ_TIME msecs_to_jiffies(2)

asmlinkage void __do_softirq(void)
{
struct softirq_action *h;
__u32 pending;
- int max_restart = MAX_SOFTIRQ_RESTART;
+ unsigned long end = jiffies + MAX_SOFTIRQ_TIME;
int cpu;

pending = local_softirq_pending();
@@ -253,11 +253,12 @@ restart:
local_irq_disable();

pending = local_softirq_pending();
- if (pending && --max_restart)
- goto restart;
+ if (pending) {
+ if (time_before(jiffies, end) && !need_resched())
+ goto restart;

- if (pending)
wakeup_softirqd();
+ }

lockdep_softirq_exit();

--
1.7.12.2.21.g234cd45.dirty




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