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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 4/6] KVM: MMU: fast invalid all shadow pages
On Sat, Apr 27, 2013 at 11:13:20AM +0800, Xiao Guangrong wrote:
> The current kvm_mmu_zap_all is really slow - it is holding mmu-lock to
> walk and zap all shadow pages one by one, also it need to zap all guest
> page's rmap and all shadow page's parent spte list. Particularly, things
> become worse if guest uses more memory or vcpus. It is not good for
> scalability.
>
> In this patch, we introduce a faster way to invalid all shadow pages.
> KVM maintains a global mmu invalid generation-number which is stored in
> kvm->arch.mmu_valid_gen and every shadow page stores the current global
> generation-number into sp->mmu_valid_gen when it is created.
>
> When KVM need zap all shadow pages sptes, it just simply increase the
> global generation-number then reload root shadow pages on all vcpus.
> Vcpu will create a new shadow page table according to current kvm's
> generation-number. It ensures the old pages are not used any more.
>
> The invalid-gen pages (sp->mmu_valid_gen != kvm->arch.mmu_valid_gen)
> are keeped in mmu-cache until page allocator reclaims page.
>
> If the invalidation is due to memslot changed, its rmap amd lpage-info
> will be freed soon, in order to avoiding use invalid memory, we unmap
> all sptes on its rmap and always reset the large-info all memslots so
> that rmap and lpage info can be safely freed.
>
> Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 2 +
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c | 77 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu.h | 2 +
> 3 files changed, 80 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 18635ae..7adf8f8 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -220,6 +220,7 @@ struct kvm_mmu_page {
> int root_count; /* Currently serving as active root */
> unsigned int unsync_children;
> unsigned long parent_ptes; /* Reverse mapping for parent_pte */
> + unsigned long mmu_valid_gen;
> DECLARE_BITMAP(unsync_child_bitmap, 512);
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
> @@ -527,6 +528,7 @@ struct kvm_arch {
> unsigned int n_requested_mmu_pages;
> unsigned int n_max_mmu_pages;
> unsigned int indirect_shadow_pages;
> + unsigned long mmu_valid_gen;
> struct hlist_head mmu_page_hash[KVM_NUM_MMU_PAGES];
> /*
> * Hash table of struct kvm_mmu_page.
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> index 004cc87..63110c7 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
> @@ -1838,6 +1838,11 @@ static void clear_sp_write_flooding_count(u64 *spte)
> __clear_sp_write_flooding_count(sp);
> }
>
> +static bool is_valid_sp(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp)
> +{
> + return likely(sp->mmu_valid_gen == kvm->arch.mmu_valid_gen);
> +}
> +
> static struct kvm_mmu_page *kvm_mmu_get_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> gfn_t gfn,
> gva_t gaddr,
> @@ -1864,6 +1869,9 @@ static struct kvm_mmu_page *kvm_mmu_get_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> role.quadrant = quadrant;
> }
> for_each_gfn_sp(vcpu->kvm, sp, gfn) {
> + if (!is_valid_sp(vcpu->kvm, sp))
> + continue;
> +
> if (!need_sync && sp->unsync)
> need_sync = true;
>
> @@ -1900,6 +1908,7 @@ static struct kvm_mmu_page *kvm_mmu_get_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
>
> account_shadowed(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
> }
> + sp->mmu_valid_gen = vcpu->kvm->arch.mmu_valid_gen;
> init_shadow_page_table(sp);
> trace_kvm_mmu_get_page(sp, true);
> return sp;
> @@ -2070,8 +2079,12 @@ static int kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
> ret = mmu_zap_unsync_children(kvm, sp, invalid_list);
> kvm_mmu_page_unlink_children(kvm, sp);
> kvm_mmu_unlink_parents(kvm, sp);
> - if (!sp->role.invalid && !sp->role.direct)
> +
> + if (!sp->role.invalid && !sp->role.direct &&
> + /* Invalid-gen pages are not accounted. */
> + is_valid_sp(kvm, sp))
> unaccount_shadowed(kvm, sp->gfn);
> +
> if (sp->unsync)
> kvm_unlink_unsync_page(kvm, sp);
> if (!sp->root_count) {
> @@ -4194,6 +4207,68 @@ restart:
> spin_unlock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> }
>
> +static void
> +memslot_unmap_rmaps(struct kvm_memory_slot *slot, struct kvm *kvm)
> +{
> + int level;
> +
> + for (level = PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL;
> + level < PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL + KVM_NR_PAGE_SIZES; ++level) {
> + unsigned long idx, *rmapp;
> +
> + rmapp = slot->arch.rmap[level - PT_PAGE_TABLE_LEVEL];
> + idx = gfn_to_index(slot->base_gfn + slot->npages - 1,
> + slot->base_gfn, level) + 1;
> +
> + while (idx--) {
> + kvm_unmap_rmapp(kvm, rmapp + idx, slot, 0);
> +
> + if (need_resched() || spin_needbreak(&kvm->mmu_lock))
> + cond_resched_lock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Fast invalid all shadow pages belong to @slot.
> + *
> + * @slot != NULL means the invalidation is caused the memslot specified
> + * by @slot is being deleted, in this case, we should ensure that rmap
> + * and lpage-info of the @slot can not be used after calling the function.
> + *
> + * @slot == NULL means the invalidation due to other reasons, we need
> + * not care rmap and lpage-info since they are still valid after calling
> + * the function.
> + */
> +void kvm_mmu_invalid_memslot_pages(struct kvm *kvm,
> + struct kvm_memory_slot *slot)
> +{
> + spin_lock(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> + kvm->arch.mmu_valid_gen++;
> +
> + /*
> + * All shadow paes are invalid, reset the large page info,
> + * then we can safely desotry the memslot, it is also good
> + * for large page used.
> + */
> + kvm_clear_all_lpage_info(kvm);

Xiao,

I understood it was agreed that simple mmu_lock lockbreak while
avoiding zapping of newly instantiated pages upon a

if(spin_needbreak)
cond_resched_lock()

cycle was enough as a first step? And then later introduce root zapping
along with measurements.

https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/4/22/544



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