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SubjectRe: [PATCH 5/11] ksm: get_ksm_page locked
On Tue, 5 Feb 2013, Mel Gorman wrote:
> On Fri, Jan 25, 2013 at 06:00:50PM -0800, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> > In some places where get_ksm_page() is used, we need the page to be locked.
> >
> > When KSM migration is fully enabled, we shall want that to make sure that
> > the page just acquired cannot be migrated beneath us (raised page count is
> > only effective when there is serialization to make sure migration notices).
> > Whereas when navigating through the stable tree, we certainly do not want
> > to lock each node (raised page count is enough to guarantee the memcmps,
> > even if page is migrated to another node).
> >
> > Since we're about to add another use case, add the locked argument to
> > get_ksm_page() now.
> >
> > Hmm, what's that rcu_read_lock() about? Complete misunderstanding, I
> > really got the wrong end of the stick on that! There's a configuration
> > in which page_cache_get_speculative() can do something cheaper than
> > get_page_unless_zero(), relying on its caller's rcu_read_lock() to have
> > disabled preemption for it. There's no need for rcu_read_lock() around
> > get_page_unless_zero() (and mapping checks) here. Cut out that
> > silliness before making this any harder to understand.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
> > ---
> > mm/ksm.c | 23 +++++++++++++----------
> > 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> >
> > --- mmotm.orig/mm/ksm.c 2013-01-25 14:36:53.244205966 -0800
> > +++ mmotm/mm/ksm.c 2013-01-25 14:36:58.856206099 -0800
> > @@ -514,15 +514,14 @@ static void remove_node_from_stable_tree
> > * but this is different - made simpler by ksm_thread_mutex being held, but
> > * interesting for assuming that no other use of the struct page could ever
> > * put our expected_mapping into page->mapping (or a field of the union which
> > - * coincides with page->mapping). The RCU calls are not for KSM at all, but
> > - * to keep the page_count protocol described with page_cache_get_speculative.
> > + * coincides with page->mapping).
> > *
> > * Note: it is possible that get_ksm_page() will return NULL one moment,
> > * then page the next, if the page is in between page_freeze_refs() and
> > * page_unfreeze_refs(): this shouldn't be a problem anywhere, the page
> > * is on its way to being freed; but it is an anomaly to bear in mind.
> > */
> > -static struct page *get_ksm_page(struct stable_node *stable_node)
> > +static struct page *get_ksm_page(struct stable_node *stable_node, bool locked)
> > {
>
> The naming is unhelpful :(
>
> Because the second parameter is called "locked", it implies that the
> caller of this function holds the page lock (which is obviously very
> silly). ret_locked maybe?

I'd prefer "lock_it": I'll make that change unless you've a better.

>
> As the function is akin to find_lock_page I would prefer if there was
> a new get_lock_ksm_page() instead of locking depending on the value of a
> parameter.

I demur. If it were a global interface rather than a function static
to ksm.c, yes, I'm sure Linus would side very strongly with you, and I'd
be providing a pair of wrappers to get_ksm_page() to hide the bool arg.

But this is a private function (you're invited :) which doesn't need
that level of hand-holding.

And I'm a firm believer in having one, difficult, function where all
the heavy thought is focussed, which does the nasty work and spares
everywhere else from having to worry about the difficulties.

You'll shiver with horror as I recite shmem_getpage(_gfp),
page_lock_anon_vma(_read), page_relock_lruvec (well, that one did
not yet get beyond its posting): get_ksm_page is one of those.

> We can do this because expected_mapping is recorded by the
> stable_node and we only need to recalculate it if the page has been
> successfully pinned. We calculate the expected value twice but that's
> not earth shattering. It'd look something like;
>
> /*
> * get_lock_ksm_page: Similar to get_ksm_page except returns with page
> * locked and pinned
> */
> static struct page *get_lock_ksm_page(struct stable_node *stable_node)
> {
> struct page *page = get_ksm_page(stable_node);
>
> if (page) {
> expected_mapping = (void *)stable_node +
> (PAGE_MAPPING_ANON | PAGE_MAPPING_KSM);
> lock_page(page);
> if (page->mapping != expected_mapping) {
> unlock_page(page);
>
> /* release pin taken by get_ksm_page() */
> put_page(page);
> page = NULL;
> }
> }
>
> return page;
> }

Something like; but would also need the remove_node_from_stable_tree.

>
> Up to you, I'm not going to make a big deal of it.

Phew! Probably my insistence springs from knowing what this function
develops into a few patches later, rather than the simpler version
that appears at this stage of the series.

>
> FWIW, I agree that removing rcu_read_lock() is fine.

Good, thanks, I was rather embarrassed by my misunderstanding there.

Hugh


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