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Subject[PATCH v3 3/4] futex: Document ordering guarantees
Date
From: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

That's essential, if you want to hack on futexes.

Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Darren Hart <dvhart@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
Cc: Jeff Mahoney <jeffm@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Scott Norton <scott.norton@hp.com>
Cc: Tom Vaden <tom.vaden@hp.com>
Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com>
Cc: Waiman Long <Waiman.Long@hp.com>
Cc: Jason Low <jason.low2@hp.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>
---
kernel/futex.c | 57 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 57 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/futex.c b/kernel/futex.c
index 577481d..af1fc31 100644
--- a/kernel/futex.c
+++ b/kernel/futex.c
@@ -69,6 +69,63 @@

#include "locking/rtmutex_common.h"

+/*
+ * Basic futex operation and ordering guarantees:
+ *
+ * The waiter reads the futex value in user space and calls
+ * futex_wait(). It computes the hash bucket and acquires the hash
+ * bucket lock. After that it reads the futex user space value again
+ * and verifies that the data has not changed. If it has not changed
+ * it enqueues itself into the hash bucket, releases the hash
+ * bucket lock and schedules.
+ *
+ * The waker side modifies the user space value of the futex and calls
+ * futex_wake(). It computes the hash bucket and acquires the hash
+ * bucket lock. Then it looks for waiters on that futex in the hash
+ * bucket and wakes them.
+ *
+ * Note that the spin_lock serializes waiters and wakers, so that the
+ * following scenario is avoided:
+ *
+ * CPU 0 CPU 1
+ * val = *futex;
+ * sys_futex(WAIT, futex, val);
+ * futex_wait(futex, val);
+ * uval = *futex;
+ * *futex = newval;
+ * sys_futex(WAKE, futex);
+ * futex_wake(futex);
+ * if (queue_empty())
+ * return;
+ * if (uval == val)
+ * lock(hash_bucket(futex));
+ * queue();
+ * unlock(hash_bucket(futex));
+ * schedule();
+ *
+ * This would cause the waiter on CPU 0 to wait forever because it
+ * missed the transition of the user space value from val to newval
+ * and the waker did not find the waiter in the hash bucket queue.
+ * The spinlock serializes that:
+ *
+ * CPU 0 CPU 1
+ * val = *futex;
+ * sys_futex(WAIT, futex, val);
+ * futex_wait(futex, val);
+ * lock(hash_bucket(futex));
+ * uval = *futex;
+ * *futex = newval;
+ * sys_futex(WAKE, futex);
+ * futex_wake(futex);
+ * lock(hash_bucket(futex));
+ * if (uval == val)
+ * queue();
+ * unlock(hash_bucket(futex));
+ * schedule(); if (!queue_empty())
+ * wake_waiters(futex);
+ * unlock(hash_bucket(futex));
+ */
+
int __read_mostly futex_cmpxchg_enabled;

/*
--
1.8.1.4


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