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SubjectRe: [PATCH] dmaengine: Add support for BCM2835.
On Fri, Nov 08, 2013 at 06:22:34PM +0100, Florian Meier wrote:

Hi Florian, some initial comments.

> +#define BCM2835_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S8 1
> +#define BCM2835_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S16 2
> +#define BCM2835_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S32 4
> +#define BCM2835_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S128 16
...
> +
> +static const unsigned es_bytes[] = {
> + [BCM2835_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S8] = 1,
> + [BCM2835_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S16] = 2,
> + [BCM2835_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S32] = 4,
> + [BCM2835_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S128] = 16
> +};

This looks rather fun - and the only place d->es is used is to convey
this as an index into this table for bcm2835_dma_desc_size(). I can't
quite see the point of this table existing.

> +static void bcm2835_dma_start_sg(struct bcm2835_chan *c, struct bcm2835_desc *d,
> + unsigned idx)
> +{
> + struct bcm2835_sg *sg = d->sg + idx;
> + int frame;
> + int frames = sg->fn;
> +
> + /*
> + * Iterate over all frames and create a control block
> + * for each frame and link them together.
> + */
> + for (frame = 0; frame < frames; frame++) {
> + struct bcm2835_dma_cb *control_block =
> + &d->control_block_base[frame];
> +
> + /* Setup adresses */
> + if (d->dir == DMA_DEV_TO_MEM) {
> + control_block->info = BCM2835_DMA_D_INC;
> + control_block->src = d->dev_addr;
> + control_block->dst = sg->addr+frame*sg->en;
> + } else {
> + control_block->info = BCM2835_DMA_S_INC;
> + control_block->src = sg->addr+frame*sg->en;
> + control_block->dst = d->dev_addr;
> + }
> +
> + /* Enable interrupt */
> + control_block->info |= BCM2835_DMA_INT_EN;
> +
> + /* Setup synchronization */
> + if (d->sync_type != 0)
> + control_block->info |= d->sync_type;
> +
> + /* Setup DREQ channel */
> + if (d->sync_dreq != 0)
> + control_block->info |=
> + BCM2835_DMA_PER_MAP(d->sync_dreq);
> +
> + /* Length of a frame */
> + control_block->length = sg->en;
> +
> + /*
> + * Next block is the next frame.
> + * This DMA engine driver currently only supports cyclic DMA.
> + * Therefore, wrap around at number of frames.
> + */
> + control_block->next = d->control_block_base_phys +
> + sizeof(struct bcm2835_dma_cb)*((frame+1)%(frames));
> +
> + /* The following fields are not used here */
> + control_block->stride = 0;
> + control_block->pad[0] = 0;
> + control_block->pad[1] = 0;
> + }

Why not move the initialisation of this control block to the preparation
function? I think doing that would simplify this code somewhat, as
you won't be converting the information passed to the preparation function
multiple times.

> +static int bcm2835_dma_alloc_chan_resources(struct dma_chan *chan)
> +{
> + struct bcm2835_chan *c = to_bcm2835_dma_chan(chan);
> + int ret;
> + struct bcm2835_dmadev *d = to_bcm2835_dma_dev(chan->device);
> + uint32_t chans = d->chans_available;
> + int chanID = 0;
> +
> + dev_dbg(c->vc.chan.device->dev,
> + "allocating channel for %u\n", c->dma_sig);
> +
> + /* do not use the FIQ and BULK channels */
> + chans &= ~0xD;
> +
> + if (chans) {
> + /* return the ordinal of the first channel in the bitmap */
> + while (chans != 0 && (chans & 1) == 0) {
> + chans >>= 1;
> + chanID++;
> + }
> +
> + /* claim the channel */
> + d->chans_available &= ~(1 << chanID);
> +
> + c->dma_chan_base = BCM2835_DMA_CHANIO(d->dma_base, chanID);
> +
> + c->dma_irq_number = d->dma_irq_numbers[chanID];
> +
> + c->dma_ch = chanID;
> + } else {
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + c->dma_irq_handler.name = "DMA engine IRQ handler";
> + c->dma_irq_handler.flags = 0;
> + c->dma_irq_handler.handler = bcm2835_dma_callback;
> +
> + ret = request_any_context_irq(c->dma_irq_number,
> + bcm2835_dma_callback, 0, "DMA IRQ", c);

Hmm. Why "request_any_context_irq" ? Looking at what your "dma callback"
is doing, it's operating entirely beneath a spinlock with IRQs disabled.
You might as well handle it in hard IRQ context.

> +static struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *bcm2835_dma_prep_dma_cyclic(
> + struct dma_chan *chan, dma_addr_t buf_addr, size_t buf_len,
> + size_t period_len, enum dma_transfer_direction direction,
> + unsigned long flags, void *context)
> +{
> + struct bcm2835_chan *c = to_bcm2835_dma_chan(chan);
> + enum dma_slave_buswidth dev_width;
> + struct bcm2835_desc *d;
> + dma_addr_t dev_addr;
> + unsigned int es, sync_type, sync_dreq;
> +
> + /* Grab configuration */
> + if (direction == DMA_DEV_TO_MEM) {
> + dev_addr = c->cfg.src_addr;
> + dev_width = c->cfg.src_addr_width;
> + sync_type = BCM2835_DMA_S_DREQ;
> + sync_dreq = c->cfg.slave_id;
> + } else if (direction == DMA_MEM_TO_DEV) {
> + dev_addr = c->cfg.dst_addr;
> + dev_width = c->cfg.dst_addr_width;
> + sync_type = BCM2835_DMA_D_DREQ;
> + sync_dreq = c->cfg.slave_id;
> + } else {
> + dev_err(chan->device->dev, "%s: bad direction?\n", __func__);
> + return NULL;
> + }

Please move sync_dreq out of the if() statements; it doesn't appear to
depend on the direction (there's only one of them in that structure too.)
While there, you might as well assign it directly to d->sync_dreq below.

Even better, with the code in bcm2835_dma_start_sg() moved into this
function to generate the control block, you don't need to save a lot
of the information in your descriptor.

> +
> + /* Bus width translates to the element size (ES) */
> + switch (dev_width) {
> + case DMA_SLAVE_BUSWIDTH_4_BYTES:
> + es = BCM2835_DMA_DATA_TYPE_S32;
> + break;
> + default:
> + return NULL;
> + }
> +
> + /* Now allocate and setup the descriptor. */
> + d = kzalloc(sizeof(*d) + sizeof(d->sg[0]), GFP_ATOMIC);
> + if (!d)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + d->dir = direction;
> + d->dev_addr = dev_addr;
> + d->es = es;
> + d->sync_type = sync_type;
> + d->sync_dreq = sync_dreq;
> + d->sg[0].addr = buf_addr;
> + d->sg[0].en = period_len;
> + d->sg[0].fn = buf_len / period_len;
> + d->sglen = 1;
> +
> + /* Allocate memory for control blocks */
> + d->control_block_size = d->sg[0].fn*sizeof(struct bcm2835_dma_cb);
> + d->control_block_base = dma_alloc_coherent(chan->device->dev,
> + d->control_block_size, &d->control_block_base_phys,
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> + if (!d->control_block_base) {
> + dev_err(chan->device->dev,
> + "%s: Memory allocation error\n", __func__);
> + return NULL;
> + }
> +
> + memset(d->control_block_base, 0, d->control_block_size);
> +
> + if (!c->cyclic) {
> + c->cyclic = true;
> + /* nothing else is implemented */
> + }

This is needlessly complex; please simplify this.

> +
> + return vchan_tx_prep(&c->vc, &d->vd, DMA_CTRL_ACK | DMA_PREP_INTERRUPT);

You should pass 'flags' as the 3rd argument here.


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