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Subject[PATCH v4.1 5/5] MCS Lock: Use arch-specific load-acquire/store-release primitives
Date
This patch uses architecture specific load-acquire and store-release
primitives for synchronization, if available. Generic implementations
are provided in case they are not defined even though they may not
be optimal. These generic implementation could be removed later on
once changes are made in all the relevant header files.

This patch also moves the actual lock/unlock code to mcs_spinlock.c
file.

Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <Waiman.Long@hp.com>
---
include/linux/mcs_spinlock.h | 78 +----------------------------------
kernel/mcs_spinlock.c | 94 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
2 files changed, 93 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mcs_spinlock.h b/include/linux/mcs_spinlock.h
index f2c71e8..d54bb23 100644
--- a/include/linux/mcs_spinlock.h
+++ b/include/linux/mcs_spinlock.h
@@ -12,19 +12,6 @@
#ifndef __LINUX_MCS_SPINLOCK_H
#define __LINUX_MCS_SPINLOCK_H

-/*
- * asm/processor.h may define arch_mutex_cpu_relax().
- * If it is not defined, cpu_relax() will be used.
- */
-#include <asm/barrier.h>
-#include <asm/cmpxchg.h>
-#include <asm/processor.h>
-#include <linux/compiler.h>
-
-#ifndef arch_mutex_cpu_relax
-# define arch_mutex_cpu_relax() cpu_relax()
-#endif
-
struct mcs_spinlock {
struct mcs_spinlock *next;
int locked; /* 1 if lock acquired */
@@ -32,68 +19,7 @@ struct mcs_spinlock {

extern
void mcs_spin_lock(struct mcs_spinlock **lock, struct mcs_spinlock *node);
-
-/*
- * In order to acquire the lock, the caller should declare a local node and
- * pass a reference of the node to this function in addition to the lock.
- * If the lock has already been acquired, then this will proceed to spin
- * on this node->locked until the previous lock holder sets the node->locked
- * in mcs_spin_unlock().
- *
- * The _raw_mcs_spin_lock() function should not be called directly. Instead,
- * users should call mcs_spin_lock().
- */
-static inline
-void _raw_mcs_spin_lock(struct mcs_spinlock **lock, struct mcs_spinlock *node)
-{
- struct mcs_spinlock *prev;
-
- /* Init node */
- node->locked = 0;
- node->next = NULL;
-
- /* xchg() provides a memory barrier */
- prev = xchg(lock, node);
- if (likely(prev == NULL)) {
- /* Lock acquired */
- return;
- }
- ACCESS_ONCE(prev->next) = node;
- /* Wait until the lock holder passes the lock down */
- while (!ACCESS_ONCE(node->locked))
- arch_mutex_cpu_relax();
-
- /* Make sure subsequent operations happen after the lock is acquired */
- smp_rmb();
-}
-
-/*
- * Releases the lock. The caller should pass in the corresponding node that
- * was used to acquire the lock.
- */
-static inline
-void mcs_spin_unlock(struct mcs_spinlock **lock, struct mcs_spinlock *node)
-{
- struct mcs_spinlock *next = ACCESS_ONCE(node->next);
-
- if (likely(!next)) {
- /*
- * cmpxchg() provides a memory barrier.
- * Release the lock by setting it to NULL
- */
- if (likely(cmpxchg(lock, node, NULL) == node))
- return;
- /* Wait until the next pointer is set */
- while (!(next = ACCESS_ONCE(node->next)))
- arch_mutex_cpu_relax();
- } else {
- /*
- * Make sure all operations within the critical section
- * happen before the lock is released.
- */
- smp_wmb();
- }
- ACCESS_ONCE(next->locked) = 1;
-}
+extern
+void mcs_spin_unlock(struct mcs_spinlock **lock, struct mcs_spinlock *node);

#endif /* __LINUX_MCS_SPINLOCK_H */
diff --git a/kernel/mcs_spinlock.c b/kernel/mcs_spinlock.c
index 309dd42..153716d 100644
--- a/kernel/mcs_spinlock.c
+++ b/kernel/mcs_spinlock.c
@@ -7,15 +7,103 @@
* It avoids expensive cache bouncings that common test-and-set spin-lock
* implementations incur.
*/
+/*
+ * asm/processor.h may define arch_mutex_cpu_relax().
+ * If it is not defined, cpu_relax() will be used.
+ */
+#include <asm/barrier.h>
+#include <asm/cmpxchg.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/mcs_spinlock.h>
#include <linux/export.h>

+#ifndef arch_mutex_cpu_relax
+# define arch_mutex_cpu_relax() cpu_relax()
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Fall back to use the regular atomic operations and memory barrier if
+ * the acquire/release versions are not defined.
+ */
+#ifndef xchg_acquire
+# define xchg_acquire(p, v) xchg(p, v)
+#endif
+
+#ifndef cmpxchg_release
+# define cmpxchg_release(p, o, n) cmpxchg(p, o, n)
+#endif
+
+#ifndef smp_load_acquire
+# define smp_load_acquire(p) \
+ ({ \
+ typeof(*p) __v = ACCESS_ONCE(*(p)); \
+ smp_mb(); \
+ __v; \
+ })
+#endif
+
+#ifndef smp_store_release
+# define smp_store_release(p, v) \
+ do { \
+ smp_mb(); \
+ ACCESS_ONCE(*(p)) = v; \
+ } while (0)
+#endif
+
/*
- * We don't inline mcs_spin_lock() so that perf can correctly account for the
- * time spent in this lock function.
+ * In order to acquire the lock, the caller should declare a local node and
+ * pass a reference of the node to this function in addition to the lock.
+ * If the lock has already been acquired, then this will proceed to spin
+ * on this node->locked until the previous lock holder sets the node->locked
+ * in mcs_spin_unlock().
*/
void mcs_spin_lock(struct mcs_spinlock **lock, struct mcs_spinlock *node)
{
- _raw_mcs_spin_lock(lock, node);
+ struct mcs_spinlock *prev;
+
+ /* Init node */
+ node->locked = 0;
+ node->next = NULL;
+
+ /* xchg() provides a memory barrier */
+ prev = xchg_acquire(lock, node);
+ if (likely(prev == NULL)) {
+ /* Lock acquired */
+ return;
+ }
+ ACCESS_ONCE(prev->next) = node;
+ /* Wait until the lock holder passes the lock down */
+ while (!smp_load_acquire(&node->locked))
+ arch_mutex_cpu_relax();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mcs_spin_lock);
+
+/*
+ * Releases the lock. The caller should pass in the corresponding node that
+ * was used to acquire the lock.
+ */
+void mcs_spin_unlock(struct mcs_spinlock **lock, struct mcs_spinlock *node)
+{
+ struct mcs_spinlock *next = ACCESS_ONCE(node->next);
+
+ if (likely(!next)) {
+ /*
+ * cmpxchg() provides a memory barrier.
+ * Release the lock by setting it to NULL
+ */
+ if (likely(cmpxchg_release(lock, node, NULL) == node))
+ return;
+ /* Wait until the next pointer is set */
+ while (!(next = ACCESS_ONCE(node->next)))
+ arch_mutex_cpu_relax();
+ ACCESS_ONCE(next->locked) = 1;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Make sure all operations within the critical section
+ * happen before the lock is released.
+ */
+ smp_store_release(&next->locked, 1);
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mcs_spin_unlock);
--
1.7.1


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