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Subject[PATCH 12/12] EFI: Runtime services virtual mapping
From: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

We map the EFI regions needed for runtime services contiguously on
virtual addresses starting from -4G down for a total max space of 64G.
This way, we provide for stable runtime services addresses across
kernels so that a kexec'd kernel can still use them.

This way, they're mapped in a separate pagetable so that we don't
pollute the kernel namespace (you can see how the whole ioremapping and
saving and restoring of PGDs is gone now).

Also, add a chicken bit called "efi=old_map" which can be used as a
fallback to the old runtime services mapping method in case there's some
b0rkage with a particular EFI implementation (haha, it is hard to hold
up the sarcasm here...).

Add UEFI RT VA space to Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt, while at it.

Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
---
Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt | 7 +++
arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h | 47 ++++++++++++-------
arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h | 3 +-
arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c | 91 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_32.c | 8 +++-
arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_stub_64.S | 54 +++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/efi.h | 1 +
8 files changed, 251 insertions(+), 43 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt b/Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt
index 881582f75c9c..c584a51add15 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/x86_64/mm.txt
@@ -28,4 +28,11 @@ reference.
Current X86-64 implementations only support 40 bits of address space,
but we support up to 46 bits. This expands into MBZ space in the page tables.

+->trampoline_pgd:
+
+We map EFI runtime services in the aforementioned PGD in the virtual
+range of 64Gb (arbitrarily set, can be raised if needed)
+
+0xffffffef00000000 - 0xffffffff00000000
+
-Andi Kleen, Jul 2004
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h
index 0062a0125041..c70714447a8f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/efi.h
@@ -39,6 +39,9 @@ extern unsigned long asmlinkage efi_call_phys(void *, ...);

#else /* !CONFIG_X86_32 */

+extern u64 efi_va;
+
+#define EFI_VA_END (-68 * (1UL << 30))
#define EFI_LOADER_SIGNATURE "EL64"

extern u64 efi_call0(void *fp);
@@ -69,24 +72,31 @@ extern u64 efi_call6(void *fp, u64 arg1, u64 arg2, u64 arg3,
efi_call6((f), (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2), (u64)(a3), \
(u64)(a4), (u64)(a5), (u64)(a6))

+#define _efi_call_virtX(x, f, ...) \
+({ \
+ efi_status_t __s; \
+ \
+ efi_sync_low_kernel_mappings(); \
+ preempt_disable(); \
+ __s = efi_call##x((void *)efi.systab->runtime->f, __VA_ARGS__); \
+ preempt_enable(); \
+ __s; \
+})
+
#define efi_call_virt0(f) \
- efi_call0((efi.systab->runtime->f))
-#define efi_call_virt1(f, a1) \
- efi_call1((efi.systab->runtime->f), (u64)(a1))
-#define efi_call_virt2(f, a1, a2) \
- efi_call2((efi.systab->runtime->f), (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2))
-#define efi_call_virt3(f, a1, a2, a3) \
- efi_call3((efi.systab->runtime->f), (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2), \
- (u64)(a3))
-#define efi_call_virt4(f, a1, a2, a3, a4) \
- efi_call4((efi.systab->runtime->f), (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2), \
- (u64)(a3), (u64)(a4))
-#define efi_call_virt5(f, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5) \
- efi_call5((efi.systab->runtime->f), (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2), \
- (u64)(a3), (u64)(a4), (u64)(a5))
-#define efi_call_virt6(f, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6) \
- efi_call6((efi.systab->runtime->f), (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2), \
- (u64)(a3), (u64)(a4), (u64)(a5), (u64)(a6))
+ _efi_call_virtX(0, f)
+#define efi_call_virt1(f, a1) \
+ _efi_call_virtX(1, f, (u64)(a1))
+#define efi_call_virt2(f, a1, a2) \
+ _efi_call_virtX(2, f, (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2))
+#define efi_call_virt3(f, a1, a2, a3) \
+ _efi_call_virtX(3, f, (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2), (u64)(a3))
+#define efi_call_virt4(f, a1, a2, a3, a4) \
+ _efi_call_virtX(4, f, (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2), (u64)(a3), (u64)(a4))
+#define efi_call_virt5(f, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5) \
+ _efi_call_virtX(5, f, (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2), (u64)(a3), (u64)(a4), (u64)(a5))
+#define efi_call_virt6(f, a1, a2, a3, a4, a5, a6) \
+ _efi_call_virtX(6, f, (u64)(a1), (u64)(a2), (u64)(a3), (u64)(a4), (u64)(a5), (u64)(a6))

extern void __iomem *efi_ioremap(unsigned long addr, unsigned long size,
u32 type, u64 attribute);
@@ -101,6 +111,9 @@ extern void efi_call_phys_prelog(void);
extern void efi_call_phys_epilog(void);
extern void efi_unmap_memmap(void);
extern void efi_memory_uc(u64 addr, unsigned long size);
+extern void __init efi_map_region(efi_memory_desc_t *md);
+extern void efi_sync_low_kernel_mappings(void);
+extern void __init old_map_region(efi_memory_desc_t *md);

#ifdef CONFIG_EFI

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
index 0ecac257fb26..a83aa44bb1fb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h
@@ -382,7 +382,8 @@ static inline void update_page_count(int level, unsigned long pages) { }
*/
extern pte_t *lookup_address(unsigned long address, unsigned int *level);
extern phys_addr_t slow_virt_to_phys(void *__address);
-
+extern int kernel_map_pages_in_pgd(pgd_t *pgd, u64 pfn, unsigned long address,
+ unsigned numpages, unsigned long page_flags);
#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */

#endif /* _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_DEFS_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
index 16996aba5012..91d4fac94e67 100644
--- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi.c
@@ -12,6 +12,8 @@
* Bibo Mao <bibo.mao@intel.com>
* Chandramouli Narayanan <mouli@linux.intel.com>
* Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
+ * Copyright (C) 2013 SuSE Labs
+ * Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> - runtime services VA mapping
*
* Copied from efi_32.c to eliminate the duplicated code between EFI
* 32/64 support code. --ying 2007-10-26
@@ -55,6 +57,12 @@

#define EFI_MIN_RESERVE 5120

+/*
+ * We allocate runtime services regions bottom-up, starting from -4G, i.e.
+ * 0xffff_ffff_0000_0000 and limit EFI VA mapping space to 64G.
+ */
+u64 efi_va = -4 * (1UL << 30);
+
#define EFI_DUMMY_GUID \
EFI_GUID(0x4424ac57, 0xbe4b, 0x47dd, 0x9e, 0x97, 0xed, 0x50, 0xf0, 0x9f, 0x92, 0xa9)

@@ -81,6 +89,17 @@ static efi_system_table_t efi_systab __initdata;
unsigned long x86_efi_facility;

/*
+ * Scratch space used for switching the pagetable in the EFI stub
+ */
+struct efi_scratch {
+ u64 r15;
+ u64 prev_cr3;
+ pgd_t *efi_pgt;
+ bool use_pgd;
+};
+extern struct efi_scratch efi_scratch;
+
+/*
* Returns 1 if 'facility' is enabled, 0 otherwise.
*/
int efi_enabled(int facility)
@@ -851,6 +870,31 @@ void efi_memory_uc(u64 addr, unsigned long size)
set_memory_uc(addr, npages);
}

+void __init old_map_region(efi_memory_desc_t *md)
+{
+ u64 start_pfn, end_pfn, end;
+ unsigned long size;
+ void *va;
+
+ start_pfn = PFN_DOWN(md->phys_addr);
+ size = md->num_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ end = md->phys_addr + size;
+ end_pfn = PFN_UP(end);
+
+ if (pfn_range_is_mapped(start_pfn, end_pfn)) {
+ va = __va(md->phys_addr);
+
+ if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_WB))
+ efi_memory_uc((u64)(unsigned long)va, size);
+ } else
+ va = efi_ioremap(md->phys_addr, size,
+ md->type, md->attribute);
+
+ md->virt_addr = (u64) (unsigned long) va;
+ if (!va)
+ pr_err("ioremap of 0x%llX failed!\n",
+ (unsigned long long)md->phys_addr);
+}
/*
* This function will switch the EFI runtime services to virtual mode.
* Essentially, look through the EFI memmap and map every region that
@@ -862,10 +906,10 @@ void efi_memory_uc(u64 addr, unsigned long size)
void __init efi_enter_virtual_mode(void)
{
efi_memory_desc_t *md, *prev_md = NULL;
- efi_status_t status;
+ void *p, *new_memmap = NULL;
unsigned long size;
- u64 end, systab, start_pfn, end_pfn;
- void *p, *va, *new_memmap = NULL;
+ efi_status_t status;
+ u64 end, systab;
int count = 0;

efi.systab = NULL;
@@ -874,7 +918,6 @@ void __init efi_enter_virtual_mode(void)
* We don't do virtual mode, since we don't do runtime services, on
* non-native EFI
*/
-
if (!efi_is_native()) {
efi_unmap_memmap();
return;
@@ -905,6 +948,7 @@ void __init efi_enter_virtual_mode(void)
continue;
}
prev_md = md;
+
}

for (p = memmap.map; p < memmap.map_end; p += memmap.desc_size) {
@@ -914,33 +958,18 @@ void __init efi_enter_virtual_mode(void)
md->type != EFI_BOOT_SERVICES_DATA)
continue;

+ efi_map_region(md);
+
size = md->num_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
end = md->phys_addr + size;

- start_pfn = PFN_DOWN(md->phys_addr);
- end_pfn = PFN_UP(end);
- if (pfn_range_is_mapped(start_pfn, end_pfn)) {
- va = __va(md->phys_addr);
-
- if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_WB))
- efi_memory_uc((u64)(unsigned long)va, size);
- } else
- va = efi_ioremap(md->phys_addr, size,
- md->type, md->attribute);
-
- md->virt_addr = (u64) (unsigned long) va;
-
- if (!va) {
- pr_err("ioremap of 0x%llX failed!\n",
- (unsigned long long)md->phys_addr);
- continue;
- }
-
systab = (u64) (unsigned long) efi_phys.systab;
if (md->phys_addr <= systab && systab < end) {
systab += md->virt_addr - md->phys_addr;
+
efi.systab = (efi_system_table_t *) (unsigned long) systab;
}
+
new_memmap = krealloc(new_memmap,
(count + 1) * memmap.desc_size,
GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -949,8 +978,17 @@ void __init efi_enter_virtual_mode(void)
count++;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ efi_scratch.efi_pgt = (pgd_t *)(unsigned long)real_mode_header->trampoline_pgd;
+
+ if (!test_bit(EFI_OLD_MEMMAP, &x86_efi_facility))
+ efi_scratch.use_pgd = true;
+#endif
+
BUG_ON(!efi.systab);

+ efi_sync_low_kernel_mappings();
+
status = phys_efi_set_virtual_address_map(
memmap.desc_size * count,
memmap.desc_size,
@@ -983,7 +1021,9 @@ void __init efi_enter_virtual_mode(void)
efi.query_variable_info = virt_efi_query_variable_info;
efi.update_capsule = virt_efi_update_capsule;
efi.query_capsule_caps = virt_efi_query_capsule_caps;
- if (__supported_pte_mask & _PAGE_NX)
+
+ if (test_bit(EFI_OLD_MEMMAP, &x86_efi_facility) &&
+ (__supported_pte_mask & _PAGE_NX))
runtime_code_page_mkexec();

kfree(new_memmap);
@@ -1119,6 +1159,9 @@ static int __init parse_efi_cmdline(char *str)
if (*str == '=')
str++;

+ if (!strncmp(str, "old_map", 7))
+ set_bit(EFI_OLD_MEMMAP, &x86_efi_facility);
+
return 0;
}
early_param("efi", parse_efi_cmdline);
diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_32.c b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_32.c
index 40e446941dd7..6c697a9633f2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_32.c
@@ -37,9 +37,15 @@
* claim EFI runtime service handler exclusively and to duplicate a memory in
* low memory space say 0 - 3G.
*/
-
static unsigned long efi_rt_eflags;

+void efi_sync_low_kernel_mappings(void) {}
+
+void __init efi_map_region(efi_memory_desc_t *md)
+{
+ old_map_region(md);
+}
+
void efi_call_phys_prelog(void)
{
struct desc_ptr gdt_descr;
diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c
index 39a0e7f1f0a3..2ee51db337da 100644
--- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c
@@ -65,6 +65,9 @@ void __init efi_call_phys_prelog(void)
int pgd;
int n_pgds;

+ if (!test_bit(EFI_OLD_MEMMAP, &x86_efi_facility))
+ return;
+
early_code_mapping_set_exec(1);
local_irq_save(efi_flags);

@@ -86,6 +89,10 @@ void __init efi_call_phys_epilog(void)
*/
int pgd;
int n_pgds = DIV_ROUND_UP((max_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) , PGDIR_SIZE);
+
+ if (!test_bit(EFI_OLD_MEMMAP, &x86_efi_facility))
+ return;
+
for (pgd = 0; pgd < n_pgds; pgd++)
set_pgd(pgd_offset_k(pgd * PGDIR_SIZE), save_pgd[pgd]);
kfree(save_pgd);
@@ -94,6 +101,82 @@ void __init efi_call_phys_epilog(void)
early_code_mapping_set_exec(0);
}

+/*
+ * Add low kernel mappings for passing arguments to EFI functions.
+ */
+void efi_sync_low_kernel_mappings(void)
+{
+ unsigned num_pgds;
+ pgd_t *pgd = (pgd_t *)__va(real_mode_header->trampoline_pgd);
+
+ if (test_bit(EFI_OLD_MEMMAP, &x86_efi_facility))
+ return;
+
+ num_pgds = pgd_index(MODULES_END - 1) - pgd_index(PAGE_OFFSET);
+
+ memcpy(pgd + pgd_index(PAGE_OFFSET),
+ init_mm.pgd + pgd_index(PAGE_OFFSET),
+ sizeof(pgd_t) * num_pgds);
+}
+
+static void __init __map_region(efi_memory_desc_t *md, u64 va)
+{
+ pgd_t *pgd = (pgd_t *)__va(real_mode_header->trampoline_pgd);
+ unsigned long pf = 0, size;
+ u64 end;
+
+ if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_WB))
+ pf |= _PAGE_PCD;
+
+ size = md->num_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ end = va + size;
+
+ if(kernel_map_pages_in_pgd(pgd, md->phys_addr, va, md->num_pages, pf))
+ pr_warning("Error mapping PA 0x%llx -> VA 0x%llx!\n",
+ md->phys_addr, va);
+}
+
+void __init efi_map_region(efi_memory_desc_t *md)
+{
+ unsigned long size = md->num_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ u64 pa = md->phys_addr;
+
+ if (test_bit(EFI_OLD_MEMMAP, &x86_efi_facility))
+ return old_map_region(md);
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure the 1:1 mappings are present as a catch-all for b0rked
+ * firmware which doesn't update all internal pointers after switching
+ * to virtual mode and would otherwise crap on us.
+ */
+ __map_region(md, md->phys_addr);
+
+ efi_va -= size;
+
+ /* Is PA 2M-aligned? */
+ if (!(pa & (PMD_SIZE - 1)))
+ efi_va &= PMD_MASK;
+ else {
+ u64 pa_offset = pa & (PMD_SIZE - 1);
+ u64 prev_va = efi_va;
+
+ /* get us the same offset within this 2M page */
+ efi_va = (efi_va & PMD_MASK) + pa_offset;
+
+ if (efi_va > prev_va)
+ efi_va -= PMD_SIZE;
+ }
+
+ if (efi_va < EFI_VA_END) {
+ pr_warning(FW_WARN "VA address range overflow!\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* Do the VA map */
+ __map_region(md, efi_va);
+ md->virt_addr = efi_va;
+}
+
void __iomem *__init efi_ioremap(unsigned long phys_addr, unsigned long size,
u32 type, u64 attribute)
{
diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_stub_64.S b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_stub_64.S
index 4c07ccab8146..88073b140298 100644
--- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_stub_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_stub_64.S
@@ -34,10 +34,47 @@
mov %rsi, %cr0; \
mov (%rsp), %rsp

+ /* stolen from gcc */
+ .macro FLUSH_TLB_ALL
+ movq %r15, efi_scratch(%rip)
+ movq %r14, efi_scratch+8(%rip)
+ movq %cr4, %r15
+ movq %r15, %r14
+ andb $0x7f, %r14b
+ movq %r14, %cr4
+ movq %r15, %cr4
+ movq efi_scratch+8(%rip), %r14
+ movq efi_scratch(%rip), %r15
+ .endm
+
+ .macro SWITCH_PGT
+ cmpb $0, efi_scratch+24(%rip)
+ je 1f
+ movq %r15, efi_scratch(%rip) # r15
+ # save previous CR3
+ movq %cr3, %r15
+ movq %r15, efi_scratch+8(%rip) # prev_cr3
+ movq efi_scratch+16(%rip), %r15 # EFI pgt
+ movq %r15, %cr3
+ 1:
+ .endm
+
+ .macro RESTORE_PGT
+ cmpb $0, efi_scratch+24(%rip)
+ je 2f
+ movq efi_scratch+8(%rip), %r15
+ movq %r15, %cr3
+ movq efi_scratch(%rip), %r15
+ FLUSH_TLB_ALL
+ 2:
+ .endm
+
ENTRY(efi_call0)
SAVE_XMM
subq $32, %rsp
+ SWITCH_PGT
call *%rdi
+ RESTORE_PGT
addq $32, %rsp
RESTORE_XMM
ret
@@ -47,7 +84,9 @@ ENTRY(efi_call1)
SAVE_XMM
subq $32, %rsp
mov %rsi, %rcx
+ SWITCH_PGT
call *%rdi
+ RESTORE_PGT
addq $32, %rsp
RESTORE_XMM
ret
@@ -57,7 +96,9 @@ ENTRY(efi_call2)
SAVE_XMM
subq $32, %rsp
mov %rsi, %rcx
+ SWITCH_PGT
call *%rdi
+ RESTORE_PGT
addq $32, %rsp
RESTORE_XMM
ret
@@ -68,7 +109,9 @@ ENTRY(efi_call3)
subq $32, %rsp
mov %rcx, %r8
mov %rsi, %rcx
+ SWITCH_PGT
call *%rdi
+ RESTORE_PGT
addq $32, %rsp
RESTORE_XMM
ret
@@ -80,7 +123,9 @@ ENTRY(efi_call4)
mov %r8, %r9
mov %rcx, %r8
mov %rsi, %rcx
+ SWITCH_PGT
call *%rdi
+ RESTORE_PGT
addq $32, %rsp
RESTORE_XMM
ret
@@ -93,7 +138,9 @@ ENTRY(efi_call5)
mov %r8, %r9
mov %rcx, %r8
mov %rsi, %rcx
+ SWITCH_PGT
call *%rdi
+ RESTORE_PGT
addq $48, %rsp
RESTORE_XMM
ret
@@ -109,8 +156,15 @@ ENTRY(efi_call6)
mov %r8, %r9
mov %rcx, %r8
mov %rsi, %rcx
+ SWITCH_PGT
call *%rdi
+ RESTORE_PGT
addq $48, %rsp
RESTORE_XMM
ret
ENDPROC(efi_call6)
+
+ .data
+ENTRY(efi_scratch)
+ .fill 3,8,0
+ .byte 0
diff --git a/include/linux/efi.h b/include/linux/efi.h
index fa47d80ab4b5..beff433aa8c0 100644
--- a/include/linux/efi.h
+++ b/include/linux/efi.h
@@ -632,6 +632,7 @@ extern int __init efi_setup_pcdp_console(char *);
#define EFI_RUNTIME_SERVICES 3 /* Can we use runtime services? */
#define EFI_MEMMAP 4 /* Can we use EFI memory map? */
#define EFI_64BIT 5 /* Is the firmware 64-bit? */
+#define EFI_OLD_MEMMAP 6 /* Use old mapping method */

#ifdef CONFIG_EFI
# ifdef CONFIG_X86
--
1.8.4
--
Regards/Gruss,
Boris.

Sent from a fat crate under my desk. Formatting is fine.
--


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