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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/3] perf/x86/amd: AMD support for bp_len > HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_8
On Wed, Oct 02, 2013 at 11:11:06AM -0500, suravee.suthikulpanit@amd.com wrote:
> From: Jacob Shin <jacob.w.shin@gmail.com>
>
> Implement hardware breakpoint address mask for AMD Family 16h and
> above processors. CPUID feature bit indicates hardware support for
> DRn_ADDR_MASK MSRs. These masks further qualify DRn/DR7 hardware
> breakpoint addresses to allow matching of larger addresses ranges.
>
> Valuable advice and pseudo code from Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
>
> Signed-off-by: Jacob Shin <jacob.w.shin@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Suravee Suthikulpanit <suravee.suthikulpanit@amd.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h | 2 ++
> arch/x86/include/asm/debugreg.h | 5 ++++
> arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h | 1 +
> arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h | 4 +++
> arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c | 19 ++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c | 47 ++++++++++++++---------------------
> 6 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> index d3f5c63..26609bb 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> @@ -170,6 +170,7 @@
> #define X86_FEATURE_TOPOEXT (6*32+22) /* topology extensions CPUID leafs */
> #define X86_FEATURE_PERFCTR_CORE (6*32+23) /* core performance counter extensions */
> #define X86_FEATURE_PERFCTR_NB (6*32+24) /* NB performance counter extensions */
> +#define X86_FEATURE_BPEXT (6*32+26) /* data breakpoint extension */

Is this perhaps a bit too generic? Extension can mean about everything and who knows
what other feature Intel and Amd will add to breakpoints in the future.

How about X86_FEATURE_BP_RANGE?

> #define X86_FEATURE_PERFCTR_L2 (6*32+28) /* L2 performance counter extensions */
>
> /*
> @@ -332,6 +333,7 @@ extern const char * const x86_power_flags[32];
> #define cpu_has_cx16 boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CX16)
> #define cpu_has_eager_fpu boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_EAGER_FPU)
> #define cpu_has_topoext boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_TOPOEXT)
> +#define cpu_has_bpext boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_BPEXT)
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/debugreg.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/debugreg.h
> index 4b528a9..145b009 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/debugreg.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/debugreg.h
> @@ -114,5 +114,10 @@ static inline void debug_stack_usage_inc(void) { }
> static inline void debug_stack_usage_dec(void) { }
> #endif /* X86_64 */
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SUP_AMD
> +extern void set_dr_addr_mask(unsigned long mask, int dr);
> +#else
> +static inline void set_dr_addr_mask(unsigned long mask, int dr) { }
> +#endif
>
> #endif /* _ASM_X86_DEBUGREG_H */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
> index ef1c4d2..6c98be8 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
> @@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
> */
> struct arch_hw_breakpoint {
> unsigned long address;
> + unsigned long mask;
> u8 len;

So it's a bit sad that we have both len and mask. OTOH it's my fault because we have that len
thing that is actually buggy for instruction breakpoints and needs to be sizeof(long) (who knows
what kind of fluorescent bier I drank before writing that).

But Oleg had a patch to fix that.

Oleg?

> u8 type;
> };
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h
> index bb04650..1f04f6c 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h
> @@ -205,6 +205,10 @@
> /* Fam 16h MSRs */
> #define MSR_F16H_L2I_PERF_CTL 0xc0010230
> #define MSR_F16H_L2I_PERF_CTR 0xc0010231
> +#define MSR_F16H_DR1_ADDR_MASK 0xc0011019
> +#define MSR_F16H_DR2_ADDR_MASK 0xc001101a
> +#define MSR_F16H_DR3_ADDR_MASK 0xc001101b
> +#define MSR_F16H_DR0_ADDR_MASK 0xc0011027
>
> /* Fam 15h MSRs */
> #define MSR_F15H_PERF_CTL 0xc0010200
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
> index 903a264..fffc9cb 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
> @@ -909,3 +909,22 @@ static bool cpu_has_amd_erratum(struct cpuinfo_x86 *cpu, const int *erratum)
>
> return false;
> }
> +
> +void set_dr_addr_mask(unsigned long mask, int dr)
> +{
> + if (!cpu_has_bpext)
> + return;
> +
> + switch (dr) {
> + case 0:
> + wrmsr(MSR_F16H_DR0_ADDR_MASK, mask, 0);
> + break;
> + case 1:
> + case 2:
> + case 3:
> + wrmsr(MSR_F16H_DR1_ADDR_MASK - 1 + dr, mask, 0);
> + break;
> + default:
> + break;
> + }
> +}
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c b/arch/x86/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
> index f66ff16..3cb1951 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
> @@ -128,6 +128,8 @@ int arch_install_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_event *bp)
> *dr7 |= encode_dr7(i, info->len, info->type);
>
> set_debugreg(*dr7, 7);
> + if (info->mask)
> + set_dr_addr_mask(info->mask, i);
>
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -163,29 +165,8 @@ void arch_uninstall_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_event *bp)
> *dr7 &= ~__encode_dr7(i, info->len, info->type);
>
> set_debugreg(*dr7, 7);
> -}
> -
> -static int get_hbp_len(u8 hbp_len)
> -{
> - unsigned int len_in_bytes = 0;
> -
> - switch (hbp_len) {
> - case X86_BREAKPOINT_LEN_1:
> - len_in_bytes = 1;
> - break;
> - case X86_BREAKPOINT_LEN_2:
> - len_in_bytes = 2;
> - break;
> - case X86_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4:
> - len_in_bytes = 4;
> - break;
> -#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> - case X86_BREAKPOINT_LEN_8:
> - len_in_bytes = 8;
> - break;
> -#endif
> - }
> - return len_in_bytes;
> + if (info->mask)
> + set_dr_addr_mask(0, i);
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -198,7 +179,7 @@ int arch_check_bp_in_kernelspace(struct perf_event *bp)
> struct arch_hw_breakpoint *info = counter_arch_bp(bp);
>
> va = info->address;
> - len = get_hbp_len(info->len);
> + len = bp->attr.bp_len;
>
> return (va >= TASK_SIZE) && ((va + len - 1) >= TASK_SIZE);
> }
> @@ -279,7 +260,16 @@ static int arch_build_bp_info(struct perf_event *bp)
> }
>
> /* Len */
> + info->mask = 0;
> +
> switch (bp->attr.bp_len) {
> + default:
> + if (!is_power_of_2(bp->attr.bp_len))
> + return -EINVAL;
> + if (!cpu_has_bpext)
> + return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> + info->mask = bp->attr.bp_len - 1;
> + /* fall through */
> case HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_1:
> info->len = X86_BREAKPOINT_LEN_1;
> break;
> @@ -294,12 +284,11 @@ static int arch_build_bp_info(struct perf_event *bp)
> info->len = X86_BREAKPOINT_LEN_8;
> break;
> #endif
> - default:
> - return -EINVAL;
> }
>
> return 0;
> }
> +
> /*
> * Validate the arch-specific HW Breakpoint register settings
> */
> @@ -314,11 +303,11 @@ int arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(struct perf_event *bp)
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> - ret = -EINVAL;
> -
> switch (info->len) {
> case X86_BREAKPOINT_LEN_1:
> align = 0;
> + if (info->mask)
> + align = info->mask;
> break;
> case X86_BREAKPOINT_LEN_2:
> align = 1;
> @@ -332,7 +321,7 @@ int arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(struct perf_event *bp)
> break;
> #endif
> default:
> - return ret;
> + BUG();

Please use WARN_ON_ONCE(1) instead. BUG() makes the machine unusable, which may make the
user unhappy and the warning hard to log. BUG() is good only when letting things run may
compromize user persistent storage data integrity or so, like a scary filesystem bug for example.


> }
>
> /*
> --
> 1.8.1.2
>
>


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