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SubjectRe: [PATCH] pci-sysfs: fix a potential deadlock when concurrent remove&rescan pci device via sysfs
On Wed, Oct 30, 2013 at 06:12:27PM +0800, Gu Zheng wrote:
> There is a potential deadlock situation when we manipulate pci device
> (remove&rescan) via the pci-sysfs user interfaces simultaneously.
>
> Privious patch:
> https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/12/27/10
>
> Related bug reports on bugzilla:
> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=60672
> https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=60695
>
> deadlock info described as following:
>
> *dmesg ifno*:
> (snip)
> 1000e 0000:1c:00.0: eth9: Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Connection
> sd 13:2:0:0: [sdb] Attached SCSI disk
> e1000e 0000:1c:00.0: eth9: MAC: 0, PHY: 4, PBA No: D50228-005
> e1000e 0000:1c:00.1: Disabling ASPM L1
> e1000e 0000:1c:00.1: Interrupt Throttling Rate (ints/sec) set to dynamic
> conservative mode
> e1000e 0000:1c:00.1: irq 143 for MSI/MSI-X
> e1000e 0000:1c:00.1: eth10: (PCI Express:2.5GT/s:Width x4) 00:15:17:cd:96:bf
> e1000e 0000:1c:00.1: eth10: Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Connection
> e1000e 0000:1c:00.1: eth10: MAC: 0, PHY: 4, PBA No: D50228-005
> INFO: task bash:62982 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
> bash D 0000000000000000 0 62982 62978 0x00000080
> ffff88038b277db8 0000000000000082 ffff88038b277fd8 0000000000013940
> ffff88038b276010 0000000000013940 0000000000013940 0000000000013940
> ffff88038b277fd8 0000000000013940 ffff880377449e30 ffff8806e822c670
> Call Trace:
> [<ffffffff8151ba79>] schedule+0x29/0x70
> [<ffffffff8151bd6e>] schedule_preempt_disabled+0xe/0x10
> [<ffffffff8151a4e3>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0xd3/0x150
> [<ffffffff8151a3eb>] mutex_lock+0x2b/0x50
> [<ffffffff812821dc>] dev_rescan_store+0x5c/0x80
> [<ffffffff81341800>] dev_attr_store+0x20/0x30
> [<ffffffff811e3eef>] sysfs_write_file+0xef/0x170
> [<ffffffff81173d08>] vfs_write+0xc8/0x190
> [<ffffffff81173ed1>] sys_write+0x51/0x90
> [<ffffffff81524b29>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> INFO: task bash:64141 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
> bash D ffffffff81610460 0 64141 64136 0x00000080
> ffff8803540e9db8 0000000000000086 ffff8803540e9fd8 0000000000013940
> ffff8803540e8010 0000000000013940 0000000000013940 0000000000013940
> ffff8803540e9fd8 0000000000013940 ffff8807db338a10 ffff8806f09abc60
> Call Trace:
> [<ffffffff8151ba79>] schedule+0x29/0x70
> [<ffffffff8151bd6e>] schedule_preempt_disabled+0xe/0x10
> [<ffffffff8151a4e3>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0xd3/0x150
> [<ffffffff8151a3eb>] mutex_lock+0x2b/0x50
> [<ffffffff812821dc>] dev_rescan_store+0x5c/0x80
> [<ffffffff81341800>] dev_attr_store+0x20/0x30
> [<ffffffff811e3eef>] sysfs_write_file+0xef/0x170
> [<ffffffff81173d08>] vfs_write+0xc8/0x190
> [<ffffffff81173ed1>] sys_write+0x51/0x90
> [<ffffffff81524b29>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
> INFO: task kworker/u:3:64451 blocked for more than 120 seconds.
> "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
> kworker/u:3 D ffffffff81610460 0 64451 2 0x00000080
> ffff8807d51b7a30 0000000000000046 ffff8807d51b7fd8 0000000000013940
> ffff8807d51b6010 0000000000013940 0000000000013940 0000000000013940
> ffff8807d51b7fd8 0000000000013940 ffff8807db339420 ffff88037744b250
> Call Trace:
> [<ffffffff8151ba79>] schedule+0x29/0x70
> [<ffffffff81519ded>] schedule_timeout+0x19d/0x220
> [<ffffffff81165f92>] ? __slab_free+0x1f2/0x2f0
> [<ffffffff8151b8fe>] wait_for_common+0x11e/0x190
> [<ffffffff8108a6e0>] ? try_to_wake_up+0x2c0/0x2c0
> [<ffffffff8151ba4d>] wait_for_completion+0x1d/0x20
> [<ffffffff811e53e8>] sysfs_addrm_finish+0xb8/0xd0
> [<ffffffff811e4320>] ? sysfs_schedule_callback+0x1e0/0x1e0
> [<ffffffff811e33f0>] sysfs_hash_and_remove+0x60/0xb0
> [<ffffffff811e43c9>] sysfs_remove_file+0x39/0x50
> [<ffffffff81342cb7>] device_remove_file+0x17/0x20
> [<ffffffff8134505c>] bus_remove_device+0xdc/0x180
> [<ffffffff81342eb0>] device_del+0x120/0x1d0
> [<ffffffff81342f82>] device_unregister+0x22/0x60
> [<ffffffff8127ade4>] pci_stop_bus_device+0x94/0xa0
> [<ffffffff8127ad90>] pci_stop_bus_device+0x40/0xa0
> [<ffffffff8127ad90>] pci_stop_bus_device+0x40/0xa0
> [<ffffffff8127ad90>] pci_stop_bus_device+0x40/0xa0
> [<ffffffff8127af66>] pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device+0x16/0x30
> [<ffffffff81282359>] remove_callback+0x29/0x40
> [<ffffffff811e4344>] sysfs_schedule_callback_work+0x24/0x70
> [<ffffffff81070009>] process_one_work+0x179/0x4b0
> [<ffffffff8107210e>] worker_thread+0x12e/0x330
> [<ffffffff81071fe0>] ? manage_workers+0x110/0x110
> [<ffffffff8107705e>] kthread+0x9e/0xb0
> [<ffffffff81525bc4>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
> [<ffffffff81076fc0>] ? kthread_freezable_should_stop+0x70/0x70
> [<ffffffff81525bc0>] ? gs_change+0x13/0x13
>
> path1: sysfs remove device: | path2: sysfs rescan device:
> sysfs_schedule_callback_work() | sysfs_write_file()
> remove_callback() | flush_write_buffer()
> *1* mutex_lock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex)|*2* sysfs_get_active(attr_sd)
> ... | dev_attr_store()
> device_remove_file() | dev_rescan_store()
> ... |*4* mutex_lock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex)
> *3* sysfs_deactivate(sd) | ...
> wait_for_completion() |*5* sysfs_put_active(attr_sd)
> *6* mutex_unlock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex)
>
> If path1 first holds the pci_remove_rescan_mutex at *1*, then another path
> called path2 actived and runs to *2* before path1 runs to *3*, we now runs
> to a deadlock situation:
> Path1 holds the mutex waiting path2 to decrease sysfs_dirent's s_active
> counter at *5*, but path2 is blocked at *4* when trying to get the
> pci_remove_rescan_mutex. The mutex won't be put by path1 until it reach
> *6*, but it's now blocked at *3*.
>
> So we use mutex_try_lock to avoid this deadlock, and additional wait/restart_syscall
> steps are used to make the fail path of try_lock more friendly to user space task.
>
> Signed-off-by: Gu Zheng <guz.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com>
> ---
> drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> 1 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c b/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
> index 7128cfd..0dac6f4 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
> @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/vgaarb.h>
> #include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> #include "pci.h"
>
> static int sysfs_initialized; /* = 0 */
> @@ -285,6 +286,25 @@ msi_bus_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> }
>
> static DEFINE_MUTEX(pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> +
> +static void pci_remove_rescan_lock(void)
> +{
> + mutex_lock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> +}
> +
> +static int pci_remove_rescan_lock_sysfs(void)
> +{
> + if (mutex_trylock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex))
> + return 0;
> + /* Avoid busy looping (20 ms of sleep should do). */
> + msleep(20);
> + return restart_syscall();

There are very few uses of restart_syscall(). I don't believe this
situation is so unusual and special that we need to use it here.

> +}
> +
> +static void pci_remove_rescan_unlock(void)
> +{
> + mutex_unlock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> +}
> static ssize_t bus_rescan_store(struct bus_type *bus, const char *buf,
> size_t count)
> {
> @@ -295,10 +315,14 @@ static ssize_t bus_rescan_store(struct bus_type *bus, const char *buf,
> return -EINVAL;
>
> if (val) {
> - mutex_lock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = pci_remove_rescan_lock_sysfs();
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> while ((b = pci_find_next_bus(b)) != NULL)
> pci_rescan_bus(b);
> - mutex_unlock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> + pci_remove_rescan_unlock();
> }
> return count;
> }
> @@ -319,9 +343,13 @@ dev_rescan_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> return -EINVAL;
>
> if (val) {
> - mutex_lock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = pci_remove_rescan_lock_sysfs();
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> pci_rescan_bus(pdev->bus);
> - mutex_unlock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> + pci_remove_rescan_unlock();
> }
> return count;
> }
> @@ -332,9 +360,9 @@ static void remove_callback(struct device *dev)
> {
> struct pci_dev *pdev = to_pci_dev(dev);
>
> - mutex_lock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> + pci_remove_rescan_lock();
> pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device(pdev);
> - mutex_unlock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> + pci_remove_rescan_unlock();
> }
>
> static ssize_t
> @@ -370,12 +398,16 @@ dev_bus_rescan_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> return -EINVAL;
>
> if (val) {
> - mutex_lock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> + int ret;
> +
> + ret = pci_remove_rescan_lock_sysfs();
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> if (!pci_is_root_bus(bus) && list_empty(&bus->devices))
> pci_rescan_bus_bridge_resize(bus->self);
> else
> pci_rescan_bus(bus);
> - mutex_unlock(&pci_remove_rescan_mutex);
> + pci_remove_rescan_unlock();
> }
> return count;
> }
> --
> 1.7.7
>
> --
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