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Subject[PATCH RFC 00/77] Re-design MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement pattern
Date
This series is against "next" branch in Bjorn's repo:
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/helgaas/pci.git

Currently pci_enable_msi_block() and pci_enable_msix() interfaces
return a error code in case of failure, 0 in case of success and a
positive value which indicates the number of MSI-X/MSI interrupts
that could have been allocated. The latter value should be passed
to a repeated call to the interfaces until a failure or success:


for (i = 0; i < FOO_DRIVER_MAXIMUM_NVEC; i++)
adapter->msix_entries[i].entry = i;

while (nvec >= FOO_DRIVER_MINIMUM_NVEC) {
rc = pci_enable_msix(adapter->pdev,
adapter->msix_entries, nvec);
if (rc > 0)
nvec = rc;
else
return rc;
}

return -ENOSPC;


This technique proved to be confusing and error-prone. Vast share
of device drivers simply fail to follow the described guidelines.

This update converts pci_enable_msix() and pci_enable_msi_block()
interfaces to canonical kernel functions and makes them return a
error code in case of failure or 0 in case of success.

As result, device drivers will cease to use the overcomplicated
repeated fallbacks technique and resort to a straightforward
pattern - determine the number of MSI/MSI-X interrupts required
before calling pci_enable_msi_block() and pci_enable_msix()
interfaces:


rc = pci_msix_table_size(adapter->pdev);
if (rc < 0)
return rc;

nvec = min(nvec, rc);
if (nvec < FOO_DRIVER_MINIMUM_NVEC) {
return -ENOSPC;

for (i = 0; i < nvec; i++)
adapter->msix_entries[i].entry = i;

rc = pci_enable_msix(adapter->pdev,
adapter->msix_entries, nvec);
return rc;


Device drivers will use their knowledge of underlying hardware
to determine the number of MSI/MSI-X interrupts required.

The simplest case would be requesting all available interrupts -
to obtain that value device drivers will use pci_get_msi_cap()
interface for MSI and pci_msix_table_size() for MSI-X.

More complex cases would entail matching device capabilities
to the system environment, i.e. limiting number of hardware
queues (and hence associated MSI/MSI-X interrupts) to the number
of online CPUs.

Device drivers using MSI/MSI-X could be divided in three groups:
- drivers that request a hardcoded number of interrupts;
- drivers that request a number of interrupts using one call to
pci_enable_msix() and then enable MSI/MSI-X using a follow-up
to pci_enable_msix();
- drivers that fully follow the guidelines and repeatedly call
pci_enable_msix() in a loop;
This series converts to the new technique second and third groups.

To simplify device drivers code review I tried to make as little
changes as possible - the scope of this series is an introduction
of the new technique rather than clean-up effort for all drivers
affected.

The testing was very limited - I ensured successful booting on
all affected architectures except MIPS and operation of few
devices with and without pci=nomsi kernel parameter.

There is a ongoing discussion about impact of this update on
PowerPC pSeries platform. I am going to incorporate the outcome
of this discussion into the next version. Yet, the rest of the
platforms and the vast majority of device drivers already can
start getting initial reviews.

Patches 5,6,8 - update of the generic MSI code
Patch 7 - update of architectures affected
Patches 9-77 - bugfixes and updates of device drivers affected

The tree could be found in "pci-next-msi-v1" branch in repo:
https://github.com/a-gordeev/linux.git

Alexander Gordeev (77):
PCI/MSI: Fix return value when populate_msi_sysfs() failed
PCI/MSI/PPC: Fix wrong RTAS error code reporting
PCI/MSI/s390: Fix single MSI only check
PCI/MSI/s390: Remove superfluous check of MSI type
PCI/MSI: Convert pci_msix_table_size() to a public interface
PCI/MSI: Factor out pci_get_msi_cap() interface
PCI/MSI: Re-design MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement pattern
PCI/MSI: Get rid of pci_enable_msi_block_auto() interface
ahci: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
ahci: Check MRSM bit when multiple MSIs enabled
benet: Return -ENOSPC when not enough MSI-Xs available
benet: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
bna: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
bnx2x: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
bnx2: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
cciss: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
cciss: Update a misleading comment on interrupt usage
cciss: Fallback to single MSI mode in case MSI-X failed
csiostor: Do not call pci_disable_msix() if pci_enable_msix() failed
csiostor: Return -ENOSPC when not enough MSI-X vectors available
csiostor: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
cxgb3: Do not call pci_disable_msix() if pci_enable_msix() failed
cxgb3: Return -ENOSPC when not enough MSI-X vectors available
cxgb3: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
cxgb4: Return -ENOSPC when not enough MSI-X vectors available
cxgb4: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
cxgb4vf: Do not call pci_disable_msix() if pci_enable_msix() failed
cxgb4vf: Return -ENOSPC when not enough MSI-X vectors available
cxgb4vf: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
hpsa: Update a misleading comment on interrupt usage
hpsa: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
hpsa: Fallback to single MSI mode in case MSI-X failed
ioat: Disable MSI-X in case request of IRQ failed
ioat: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
ipr: Do not call pci_disable_msi/msix() if pci_enable_msi/msix()
failed
ipr: Enable MSI-X when IPR_USE_MSIX type is set, not IPR_USE_MSI
ipr: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
ixgbe: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
ixgbevf: Return -ENOSPC when not enough MSI-X vectors available
ixgbevf: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
lpfc: Do not call pci_disable_msix() if pci_enable_msix() failed
lpfc: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
lpfc: Return -ENOSPC when not enough MSI-X vectors available
lpfc: Make MSI-X initialization routine more readable
megaraid: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
mlx4: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
mlx5: Fix memory leak in case not enough MSI-X vectors available
mlx5: Return -ENOSPC when not enough MSI-X vectors available
mlx5: Fix minimum number of MSI-Xs
mlx5: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
mthca: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
niu: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
ntb: Fix missed call to pci_enable_msix()
ntb: Ensure number of MSIs on SNB is enough for the link interrupt
ntb: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
nvme: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
pmcraid: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
qib: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
qla2xxx: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
qlcnic: Return -ENOSPC when not enough MSI-X vectors available
qlogic: Return -EINVAL in case MSI-X is not supported
qlcnic: Remove redundant return operator
qlcnic: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
qlcnic: Make MSI-X initialization routine bit more readable
qlge: Remove a redundant assignment
qlge: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
rapidio: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
sfc: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
tg3: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
vmci: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
vmxnet3: Return -EINVAL if number of requested MSI-Xs is not enough
vmxnet3: Fixup a weird loop exit
vmxnet3: Return -ENOSPC when not enough MSI-X vectors available
vmxnet3: Limit number of rx queues to 1 if per-queue MSI-Xs failed
vmxnet3: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code
vxge: Sanitize MSI-X allocation routine error codes
vxge: Update MSI/MSI-X interrupts enablement code

Documentation/PCI/MSI-HOWTO.txt | 123 +++++++++++---------
arch/mips/pci/msi-octeon.c | 2 +-
arch/powerpc/kernel/msi.c | 2 +-
arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/msi.c | 4 +-
arch/s390/pci/pci.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c | 2 +-
drivers/ata/ahci.c | 71 ++++++++---
drivers/ata/ahci.h | 1 +
drivers/block/cciss.c | 22 ++--
drivers/block/nvme-core.c | 48 ++++----
drivers/dma/ioat/dma.c | 11 ++-
drivers/infiniband/hw/mthca/mthca_main.c | 16 ++-
drivers/infiniband/hw/qib/qib_pcie.c | 4 -
drivers/misc/vmw_vmci/vmci_guest.c | 22 +++-
drivers/net/ethernet/broadcom/bnx2.c | 27 +++--
drivers/net/ethernet/broadcom/bnx2x/bnx2x_cmn.c | 54 ++++-----
drivers/net/ethernet/broadcom/tg3.c | 24 ++--
drivers/net/ethernet/brocade/bna/bnad.c | 34 +++---
drivers/net/ethernet/chelsio/cxgb3/cxgb3_main.c | 32 +++---
drivers/net/ethernet/chelsio/cxgb4/cxgb4_main.c | 62 ++++++----
.../net/ethernet/chelsio/cxgb4vf/cxgb4vf_main.c | 49 +++++---
drivers/net/ethernet/emulex/benet/be_main.c | 36 +++---
drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbe/ixgbe_lib.c | 62 +++++-----
drivers/net/ethernet/intel/ixgbevf/ixgbevf_main.c | 18 +--
drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx4/main.c | 17 ++--
drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx5/core/main.c | 17 ++--
drivers/net/ethernet/neterion/vxge/vxge-main.c | 38 +++----
drivers/net/ethernet/qlogic/qlcnic/qlcnic_main.c | 108 +++++++++--------
drivers/net/ethernet/qlogic/qlge/qlge_main.c | 40 +++----
drivers/net/ethernet/sfc/efx.c | 18 ++-
drivers/net/ethernet/sun/niu.c | 20 ++--
drivers/net/vmxnet3/vmxnet3_drv.c | 84 +++++++-------
drivers/ntb/ntb_hw.c | 37 ++----
drivers/ntb/ntb_hw.h | 2 -
drivers/pci/msi.c | 93 +++++----------
drivers/pci/pcie/portdrv_core.c | 2 +
drivers/rapidio/devices/tsi721.c | 27 +++--
drivers/scsi/csiostor/csio_isr.c | 20 ++--
drivers/scsi/hpsa.c | 35 +++---
drivers/scsi/ipr.c | 52 ++++-----
drivers/scsi/lpfc/lpfc_init.c | 40 ++++---
drivers/scsi/megaraid/megaraid_sas_base.c | 20 ++--
drivers/scsi/pmcraid.c | 23 ++--
drivers/scsi/qla2xxx/qla_isr.c | 18 ++-
include/linux/pci.h | 7 +-
45 files changed, 744 insertions(+), 702 deletions(-)

--
1.7.7.6



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