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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/7] vfs: add renameat2 syscall and cross-rename
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On Wed, Oct 2, 2013 at 2:26 PM, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> wrote:
> On Tue 01-10-13 18:00:35, Miklos Szeredi wrote:
>> From: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz>
>>
>> Add new renameat2 syscall, which is the same as renameat with an added
>> flags argument.
>>
>> If flags is zero then this is a plain overwriting rename. If flags contain
>> RENAME_EXCHANGE then exchange source and destination files. There's no
>> restriction on the type of the files; e.g. a directory can be exchanged
>> with a symlink.
> It's not completely clear to me what should happen if RENAME_EXCHANGE is
> set but destination doesn't exist. Return -ENOENT or just do standard
> rename?

For RENAME_EXCHANGE the vfs part should ensure this doesn't happen
(it's -ENOENT if either of the dentries are negative).

Another interesting case, which is disallowed for now, is if one of
the dentries is unlinked, e.g. generated by ->tmpfile(). That one
might be useful and the semantics are well defined: the unlinked one
gets linked and the linked one gets unlinked. But it would need
additional code in vfs and filesystems, and for now I'd rather keep
this as simple as possible.

Thanks,
Miklos

>
> Honza
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz>
>> ---
>> arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 1 +
>> fs/dcache.c | 46 ++++++++++---
>> fs/namei.c | 139 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
>> include/linux/dcache.h | 1 +
>> include/linux/fs.h | 2 +
>> include/uapi/linux/fs.h | 2 +
>> 6 files changed, 152 insertions(+), 39 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
>> index 38ae65d..fafd734 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
>> +++ b/arch/x86/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
>> @@ -320,6 +320,7 @@
>> 311 64 process_vm_writev sys_process_vm_writev
>> 312 common kcmp sys_kcmp
>> 313 common finit_module sys_finit_module
>> +314 common renameat2 sys_renameat2
>>
>> #
>> # x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
>> diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
>> index 4100030..1735bac 100644
>> --- a/fs/dcache.c
>> +++ b/fs/dcache.c
>> @@ -2495,12 +2495,14 @@ static void switch_names(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target)
>> dentry->d_name.name = dentry->d_iname;
>> } else {
>> /*
>> - * Both are internal. Just copy target to dentry
>> + * Both are internal.
>> */
>> - memcpy(dentry->d_iname, target->d_name.name,
>> - target->d_name.len + 1);
>> - dentry->d_name.len = target->d_name.len;
>> - return;
>> + unsigned int i;
>> + BUILD_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(DNAME_INLINE_LEN, sizeof(long)));
>> + for (i = 0; i < DNAME_INLINE_LEN / sizeof(long); i++) {
>> + swap(((long *) &dentry->d_iname)[i],
>> + ((long *) &target->d_iname)[i]);
>> + }
>> }
>> }
>> swap(dentry->d_name.len, target->d_name.len);
>> @@ -2557,13 +2559,15 @@ static void dentry_unlock_parents_for_move(struct dentry *dentry,
>> * __d_move - move a dentry
>> * @dentry: entry to move
>> * @target: new dentry
>> + * @exchange: exchange the two dentries
>> *
>> * Update the dcache to reflect the move of a file name. Negative
>> * dcache entries should not be moved in this way. Caller must hold
>> * rename_lock, the i_mutex of the source and target directories,
>> * and the sb->s_vfs_rename_mutex if they differ. See lock_rename().
>> */
>> -static void __d_move(struct dentry * dentry, struct dentry * target)
>> +static void __d_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target,
>> + bool exchange)
>> {
>> if (!dentry->d_inode)
>> printk(KERN_WARNING "VFS: moving negative dcache entry\n");
>> @@ -2587,6 +2591,10 @@ static void __d_move(struct dentry * dentry, struct dentry * target)
>>
>> /* Unhash the target: dput() will then get rid of it */
>> __d_drop(target);
>> + if (exchange) {
>> + __d_rehash(target,
>> + d_hash(dentry->d_parent, dentry->d_name.hash));
>> + }
>>
>> list_del(&dentry->d_u.d_child);
>> list_del(&target->d_u.d_child);
>> @@ -2613,6 +2621,8 @@ static void __d_move(struct dentry * dentry, struct dentry * target)
>> write_seqcount_end(&dentry->d_seq);
>>
>> dentry_unlock_parents_for_move(dentry, target);
>> + if (exchange)
>> + fsnotify_d_move(target);
>> spin_unlock(&target->d_lock);
>> fsnotify_d_move(dentry);
>> spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
>> @@ -2630,11 +2640,31 @@ static void __d_move(struct dentry * dentry, struct dentry * target)
>> void d_move(struct dentry *dentry, struct dentry *target)
>> {
>> write_seqlock(&rename_lock);
>> - __d_move(dentry, target);
>> + __d_move(dentry, target, false);
>> write_sequnlock(&rename_lock);
>> }
>> EXPORT_SYMBOL(d_move);
>>
>> +/*
>> + * d_exchange - exchange two dentries
>> + * @dentry1: first dentry
>> + * @dentry2: second dentry
>> + */
>> +void d_exchange(struct dentry *dentry1, struct dentry *dentry2)
>> +{
>> + write_seqlock(&rename_lock);
>> +
>> + WARN_ON(!dentry1->d_inode);
>> + WARN_ON(!dentry2->d_inode);
>> + WARN_ON(IS_ROOT(dentry1));
>> + WARN_ON(IS_ROOT(dentry2));
>> +
>> + __d_move(dentry1, dentry2, true);
>> +
>> + write_sequnlock(&rename_lock);
>> +}
>> +
>> +
>> /**
>> * d_ancestor - search for an ancestor
>> * @p1: ancestor dentry
>> @@ -2682,7 +2712,7 @@ static struct dentry *__d_unalias(struct inode *inode,
>> m2 = &alias->d_parent->d_inode->i_mutex;
>> out_unalias:
>> if (likely(!d_mountpoint(alias))) {
>> - __d_move(alias, dentry);
>> + __d_move(alias, dentry, false);
>> ret = alias;
>> }
>> out_err:
>> diff --git a/fs/namei.c b/fs/namei.c
>> index 7ec6a12..55700b3 100644
>> --- a/fs/namei.c
>> +++ b/fs/namei.c
>> @@ -3963,14 +3963,18 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(link, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname
>> * ->i_mutex on parents, which works but leads to some truly excessive
>> * locking].
>> */
>> -int vfs_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
>> - struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry)
>> +static int vfs_rename2(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
>> + struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry,
>> + unsigned int flags)
>> {
>> int error;
>> const unsigned char *old_name;
>> struct inode *source = old_dentry->d_inode;
>> struct inode *target = new_dentry->d_inode;
>> bool is_dir = S_ISDIR(source->i_mode);
>> + bool new_is_dir = target ? S_ISDIR(target->i_mode) : false;
>> + bool overwrite = !(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE);
>> + unsigned max_links = new_dir->i_sb->s_max_links;
>>
>> if (source == target)
>> return 0;
>> @@ -3981,74 +3985,116 @@ int vfs_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
>>
>> if (!target)
>> error = may_create(new_dir, new_dentry);
>> - else
>> + else if (overwrite)
>> error = may_delete(new_dir, new_dentry, is_dir);
>> + else
>> + error = may_delete(new_dir, new_dentry, new_is_dir);
>> if (error)
>> return error;
>>
>> - if (!old_dir->i_op->rename)
>> + if (!old_dir->i_op->rename && !old_dir->i_op->rename2)
>> return -EPERM;
>>
>> + if (flags && !old_dir->i_op->rename2)
>> + return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>> +
>> /*
>> * If we are going to change the parent - check write permissions,
>> * we'll need to flip '..'.
>> */
>> - if (is_dir && new_dir != old_dir) {
>> - error = inode_permission(source, MAY_WRITE);
>> - if (error)
>> - return error;
>> + if (new_dir != old_dir) {
>> + if (is_dir) {
>> + error = inode_permission(source, MAY_WRITE);
>> + if (error)
>> + return error;
>> + }
>> + if (!overwrite && new_is_dir) {
>> + error = inode_permission(target, MAY_WRITE);
>> + if (error)
>> + return error;
>> + }
>> }
>>
>> error = security_inode_rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry);
>> if (error)
>> return error;
>>
>> + if (!overwrite) {
>> + error = security_inode_rename(new_dir, new_dentry,
>> + old_dir, old_dentry);
>> + if (error)
>> + return error;
>> + }
>> +
>> old_name = fsnotify_oldname_init(old_dentry->d_name.name);
>> dget(new_dentry);
>> - if (target)
>> + if (overwrite && target)
>> mutex_lock(&target->i_mutex);
>>
>> error = -EBUSY;
>> if (d_mountpoint(old_dentry) || d_mountpoint(new_dentry))
>> goto out;
>>
>> - if (is_dir) {
>> - unsigned max_links = new_dir->i_sb->s_max_links;
>> -
>> + if (max_links && new_dir != old_dir) {
>> error = -EMLINK;
>> - if (max_links && !target && new_dir != old_dir &&
>> - new_dir->i_nlink >= max_links)
>> + if (is_dir && !new_is_dir && new_dir->i_nlink >= max_links)
>> goto out;
>> + if (!overwrite && !is_dir && new_is_dir &&
>> + old_dir->i_nlink > max_links)
>> + goto out;
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (overwrite && is_dir && target)
>> + shrink_dcache_parent(new_dentry);
>>
>> - if (target)
>> - shrink_dcache_parent(new_dentry);
>> + if (old_dir->i_op->rename2) {
>> + error = old_dir->i_op->rename2(old_dir, old_dentry,
>> + new_dir, new_dentry, flags);
>> + } else {
>> + error = old_dir->i_op->rename(old_dir, old_dentry,
>> + new_dir, new_dentry);
>> }
>>
>> - error = old_dir->i_op->rename(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry);
>> if (error)
>> goto out;
>>
>> - if (target) {
>> + if (overwrite && target) {
>> if (is_dir)
>> target->i_flags |= S_DEAD;
>> dont_mount(new_dentry);
>> }
>> - if (!(old_dir->i_sb->s_type->fs_flags & FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE))
>> - d_move(old_dentry, new_dentry);
>> + if (!(old_dir->i_sb->s_type->fs_flags & FS_RENAME_DOES_D_MOVE)) {
>> + if (overwrite)
>> + d_move(old_dentry, new_dentry);
>> + else
>> + d_exchange(old_dentry, new_dentry);
>> + }
>> out:
>> - if (target)
>> + if (overwrite && target)
>> mutex_unlock(&target->i_mutex);
>> dput(new_dentry);
>> - if (!error)
>> + if (!error) {
>> fsnotify_move(old_dir, new_dir, old_name, is_dir,
>> - target, old_dentry);
>> + overwrite ? target : NULL, old_dentry);
>> + if (!overwrite) {
>> + fsnotify_move(new_dir, old_dir, old_dentry->d_name.name,
>> + new_is_dir, NULL, new_dentry);
>> + }
>> + }
>> fsnotify_oldname_free(old_name);
>>
>> return error;
>> }
>>
>> -SYSCALL_DEFINE4(renameat, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname,
>> - int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname)
>> +int vfs_rename(struct inode *old_dir, struct dentry *old_dentry,
>> + struct inode *new_dir, struct dentry *new_dentry)
>> +{
>> + return vfs_rename2(old_dir, old_dentry, new_dir, new_dentry, 0);
>> +}
>> +
>> +
>> +SYSCALL_DEFINE5(renameat2, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname,
>> + int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname, unsigned int, flags)
>> {
>> struct dentry *old_dir, *new_dir;
>> struct dentry *old_dentry, *new_dentry;
>> @@ -4058,7 +4104,13 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(renameat, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname,
>> struct filename *to;
>> unsigned int lookup_flags = 0;
>> bool should_retry = false;
>> + bool overwrite = !(flags & RENAME_EXCHANGE);
>> int error;
>> +
>> + error = -EOPNOTSUPP;
>> + if (flags & ~RENAME_EXCHANGE)
>> + goto exit;
>> +
>> retry:
>> from = user_path_parent(olddfd, oldname, &oldnd, lookup_flags);
>> if (IS_ERR(from)) {
>> @@ -4091,7 +4143,8 @@ retry:
>>
>> oldnd.flags &= ~LOOKUP_PARENT;
>> newnd.flags &= ~LOOKUP_PARENT;
>> - newnd.flags |= LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET;
>> + if (overwrite)
>> + newnd.flags |= LOOKUP_RENAME_TARGET;
>>
>> trap = lock_rename(new_dir, old_dir);
>>
>> @@ -4108,7 +4161,7 @@ retry:
>> error = -ENOTDIR;
>> if (oldnd.last.name[oldnd.last.len])
>> goto exit4;
>> - if (newnd.last.name[newnd.last.len])
>> + if (overwrite && newnd.last.name[newnd.last.len])
>> goto exit4;
>> }
>> /* source should not be ancestor of target */
>> @@ -4119,8 +4172,19 @@ retry:
>> error = PTR_ERR(new_dentry);
>> if (IS_ERR(new_dentry))
>> goto exit4;
>> + if (!overwrite) {
>> + error = -ENOENT;
>> + if (!new_dentry->d_inode)
>> + goto exit4;
>> +
>> + if (!S_ISDIR(new_dentry->d_inode->i_mode)) {
>> + error = -ENOTDIR;
>> + if (newnd.last.name[newnd.last.len])
>> + goto exit4;
>> + }
>> + }
>> /* target should not be an ancestor of source */
>> - error = -ENOTEMPTY;
>> + error = overwrite ? -ENOTEMPTY : -EINVAL;
>> if (new_dentry == trap)
>> goto exit5;
>>
>> @@ -4128,8 +4192,15 @@ retry:
>> &newnd.path, new_dentry);
>> if (error)
>> goto exit5;
>> - error = vfs_rename(old_dir->d_inode, old_dentry,
>> - new_dir->d_inode, new_dentry);
>> + if (!overwrite) {
>> + error = security_path_rename(&newnd.path, new_dentry,
>> + &oldnd.path, old_dentry);
>> + if (error)
>> + goto exit5;
>> + }
>> +
>> + error = vfs_rename2(old_dir->d_inode, old_dentry,
>> + new_dir->d_inode, new_dentry, flags);
>> exit5:
>> dput(new_dentry);
>> exit4:
>> @@ -4154,9 +4225,15 @@ exit:
>> return error;
>> }
>>
>> +SYSCALL_DEFINE4(renameat, int, olddfd, const char __user *, oldname,
>> + int, newdfd, const char __user *, newname)
>> +{
>> + return sys_renameat2(olddfd, oldname, newdfd, newname, 0);
>> +}
>> +
>> SYSCALL_DEFINE2(rename, const char __user *, oldname, const char __user *, newname)
>> {
>> - return sys_renameat(AT_FDCWD, oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname);
>> + return sys_renameat2(AT_FDCWD, oldname, AT_FDCWD, newname, 0);
>> }
>>
>> int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *dentry, char __user *buffer, int buflen, const char *link)
>> diff --git a/include/linux/dcache.h b/include/linux/dcache.h
>> index 59066e0..ce5ebed 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/dcache.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/dcache.h
>> @@ -297,6 +297,7 @@ extern void dentry_update_name_case(struct dentry *, struct qstr *);
>>
>> /* used for rename() and baskets */
>> extern void d_move(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);
>> +extern void d_exchange(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);
>> extern struct dentry *d_ancestor(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);
>>
>> /* appendix may either be NULL or be used for transname suffixes */
>> diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
>> index 3f40547..71c6cf9 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/fs.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/fs.h
>> @@ -1572,6 +1572,8 @@ struct inode_operations {
>> int (*mknod) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,umode_t,dev_t);
>> int (*rename) (struct inode *, struct dentry *,
>> struct inode *, struct dentry *);
>> + int (*rename2) (struct inode *, struct dentry *,
>> + struct inode *, struct dentry *, unsigned int);
>> int (*setattr) (struct dentry *, struct iattr *);
>> int (*getattr) (struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *, struct kstat *);
>> int (*setxattr) (struct dentry *, const char *,const void *,size_t,int);
>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fs.h b/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
>> index 6c28b61..ebdafb6 100644
>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/fs.h
>> @@ -35,6 +35,8 @@
>> #define SEEK_HOLE 4 /* seek to the next hole */
>> #define SEEK_MAX SEEK_HOLE
>>
>> +#define RENAME_EXCHANGE (1 << 0) /* Exchange source and dest */
>> +
>> struct fstrim_range {
>> __u64 start;
>> __u64 len;
>> --
>> 1.8.1.4
>>
> --
> Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
> SUSE Labs, CR


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