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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 2/7] arm64: introduce interfaces to hotpatch kernel and module code
On 10/17/2013 11:24 PM, Jon Medhurst (Tixy) wrote:
> On Thu, 2013-10-17 at 12:38 +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
>> [adding Tixy for stop_machine() question below]
>>
>> On Thu, Oct 17, 2013 at 07:19:35AM +0100, Jiang Liu wrote:
> [...]
>>> +int __kprobes aarch64_insn_patch_text_sync(void *addrs[], u32 insns[], int cnt)
>>> +{
>>> + struct aarch64_insn_patch patch = {
>>> + .text_addrs = addrs,
>>> + .new_insns = insns,
>>> + .insn_cnt = cnt,
>>> + };
>>> +
>>> + if (cnt <= 0)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + /*
>>> + * Execute __aarch64_insn_patch_text() on every online CPU,
>>> + * which ensure serialization among all online CPUs.
>>> + */
>>> + return stop_machine(aarch64_insn_patch_text_cb, &patch, NULL);
>>> +}
>>
>> Whoa, whoa, whoa! The comment here is wrong -- we only run the patching on
>> *one* CPU, which is the right thing to do. However, the arch/arm/ call to
>> stop_machine in kprobes does actually run the patching code on *all* the
>> online cores (including the cache flushing!). I think this is to work around
>> cores without hardware cache maintenance broadcasting, but that could easily
>> be called out specially (like we do in patch.c) and the flushing could be
>> separated from the patching too.
> [...]
>
> For code modifications done in 32bit ARM kprobes (and ftrace) I'm not
> sure we ever actually resolved the possible cache flushing issues. If
> there was specific reasons for flushing on all cores I can't remember
> them, sorry. I have a suspicion that doing so was a case of sticking
> with what the code was already doing, and flushing on all cores seemed
> safest to guard against problems we hadn't thought about.
>
> Some of the issues discussed were that we couldn't have one core
> potentially executing instructions being modified by another CPU,
> because that's architecturally unpredictable except for a few
> instructions [1], and we also have the case where a 32-bit Thumb
> instruction can straddle two different cache-lines. But these may not be
> reasons to flush on all cores if stop machine is synchronising all CPU's
> in a kind of holding pen and the cache operations done on one core are
> broadcast to others. (Are there correct barriers involved in
> stop-machine so that when the other cores resume they are guaranteed to
> only see the new version of the modified code, or do we only get that
> guarantee because we happen to execute the cache flushing on all cores?)
I think it's cache flushing instead of stop_machine() because cache
flusing includes an ISB.

The idea flow should be:
1) master acquire a lock to serialize text patching
2) all CPU barrier
3) master updates memory and flush cache
4) master set a flag to let all other CPU continue
5) all other CPU executes ISB.

Updating memory and flushing cache on every CPU with stop_machine()
achieves the same effect with simple implementation, but the
implementation really seems a little strange.

If desired, I will implement the standard flow.

>
> [1] http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-arm-kernel/2012-December/136441.html
>
> Another of the issues I hit was big.LITTLE related whereby the cache
> line size is different on different cores [2].
>
> [2] http://lists.infradead.org/pipermail/linux-arm-kernel/2013-February/149794.html
>
> I don't think anything I've said above actually gives a solid reason why
> we _must_ execute cache flushing on all cores for kprobes and can't just
> use the relatively new patch_text function (which checks for the one
> case we do need to flush on all cores using cache_ops_need_broadcast).
>
> Sorry, I don't think I've added much light on things here have I?
>



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