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Subject[PATCH v4 2/7] arm64: introduce interfaces to hotpatch kernel and module code
Date
From: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>

Introduce three interfaces to patch kernel and module code:
aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync():
patch code without synchronization, it's caller's responsibility
to synchronize all CPUs if needed.
aarch64_insn_patch_text_sync():
patch code and always synchronize with stop_machine()
aarch64_insn_patch_text():
patch code and synchronize with stop_machine() if needed

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h | 24 +++++++++++++-
arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c | 77 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 100 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
index 6190016..fc439b9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
@@ -60,8 +60,30 @@ __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(nop, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xD503201F)

#undef __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS

-enum aarch64_insn_encoding_class aarch64_get_insn_class(u32 insn);
+/*
+ * In ARMv8-A, A64 instructions have a fixed length of 32 bits and are always
+ * little-endian. On the other hand, SCTLR_EL1.EE (bit 25, Exception Endianness)
+ * flag controls endianness for EL1 explicit data accesses and stage 1
+ * translation table walks as below:
+ * 0: little-endian
+ * 1: big-endian
+ * So need to handle endianness when patching kernel code.
+ */
+static __always_inline u32 aarch64_insn_read(void *addr)
+{
+ return le32_to_cpu(*(u32 *)addr);
+}

+static __always_inline void aarch64_insn_write(void *addr, u32 insn)
+{
+ *(u32 *)addr = cpu_to_le32(insn);
+}
+
+enum aarch64_insn_encoding_class aarch64_get_insn_class(u32 insn);
bool aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(u32 old_insn, u32 new_insn);

+int aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(void *addrs[], u32 insns[], int cnt);
+int aarch64_insn_patch_text_sync(void *addrs[], u32 insns[], int cnt);
+int aarch64_insn_patch_text(void *addrs[], u32 insns[], int cnt);
+
#endif /* _ASM_ARM64_INSN_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
index 1c501f3..8dd5fbe 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
@@ -16,6 +16,9 @@
*/
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/insn.h>

static int aarch64_insn_encoding_cls[] = {
@@ -70,3 +73,77 @@ bool __kprobes aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(u32 old_insn, u32 new_insn)
return __aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(old_insn) &&
__aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(new_insn);
}
+
+int __kprobes aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(void *addrs[], u32 insns[],
+ int cnt)
+{
+ int i;
+ u32 *tp;
+
+ if (cnt <= 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
+ tp = addrs[i];
+ /* A64 instructions must be word aligned */
+ if ((uintptr_t)tp & 0x3)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ aarch64_insn_write(tp, insns[i]);
+ flush_icache_range((uintptr_t)tp, (uintptr_t)tp + sizeof(u32));
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct aarch64_insn_patch {
+ void **text_addrs;
+ u32 *new_insns;
+ int insn_cnt;
+};
+
+static int __kprobes aarch64_insn_patch_text_cb(void *arg)
+{
+ struct aarch64_insn_patch *pp = arg;
+
+ return aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(pp->text_addrs, pp->new_insns,
+ pp->insn_cnt);
+}
+
+int __kprobes aarch64_insn_patch_text_sync(void *addrs[], u32 insns[], int cnt)
+{
+ struct aarch64_insn_patch patch = {
+ .text_addrs = addrs,
+ .new_insns = insns,
+ .insn_cnt = cnt,
+ };
+
+ if (cnt <= 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * Execute __aarch64_insn_patch_text() on every online CPU,
+ * which ensure serialization among all online CPUs.
+ */
+ return stop_machine(aarch64_insn_patch_text_cb, &patch, NULL);
+}
+
+int __kprobes aarch64_insn_patch_text(void *addrs[], u32 insns[], int cnt)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ if (cnt == 1 && aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(aarch64_insn_read(addrs[0]),
+ insns[0])) {
+ /*
+ * It doesn't guarantee all CPUs see the new instruction
+ * after returning from aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync().
+ * So send a IPI to all other CPUs to achieve instruction
+ * synchronization.
+ */
+ ret = aarch64_insn_patch_text_nosync(addrs, insns, cnt);
+ kick_all_cpus_sync();
+ } else {
+ ret = aarch64_insn_patch_text_sync(addrs, insns, cnt);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
--
1.8.1.2


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