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Subject[PATCH] netfilter: fix ordering of jumpstack allocation and table update
During kernel stability testing on an SMP ARMv7 system, Yalin Wang
reported the following panic from the netfilter code:

1fe0: 0000001c 5e2d3b10 4007e779 4009e110 60000010 00000032 ff565656 ff545454
[<c06c48dc>] (ipt_do_table+0x448/0x584) from [<c0655ef0>] (nf_iterate+0x48/0x7c)
[<c0655ef0>] (nf_iterate+0x48/0x7c) from [<c0655f7c>] (nf_hook_slow+0x58/0x104)
[<c0655f7c>] (nf_hook_slow+0x58/0x104) from [<c0683bbc>] (ip_local_deliver+0x88/0xa8)
[<c0683bbc>] (ip_local_deliver+0x88/0xa8) from [<c0683718>] (ip_rcv_finish+0x418/0x43c)
[<c0683718>] (ip_rcv_finish+0x418/0x43c) from [<c062b1c4>] (__netif_receive_skb+0x4cc/0x598)
[<c062b1c4>] (__netif_receive_skb+0x4cc/0x598) from [<c062b314>] (process_backlog+0x84/0x158)
[<c062b314>] (process_backlog+0x84/0x158) from [<c062de84>] (net_rx_action+0x70/0x1dc)
[<c062de84>] (net_rx_action+0x70/0x1dc) from [<c0088230>] (__do_softirq+0x11c/0x27c)
[<c0088230>] (__do_softirq+0x11c/0x27c) from [<c008857c>] (do_softirq+0x44/0x50)
[<c008857c>] (do_softirq+0x44/0x50) from [<c0088614>] (local_bh_enable_ip+0x8c/0xd0)
[<c0088614>] (local_bh_enable_ip+0x8c/0xd0) from [<c06b0330>] (inet_stream_connect+0x164/0x298)
[<c06b0330>] (inet_stream_connect+0x164/0x298) from [<c061d68c>] (sys_connect+0x88/0xc8)
[<c061d68c>] (sys_connect+0x88/0xc8) from [<c000e340>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x30)
Code: 2a000021 e59d2028 e59de01c e59f011c (e7824103)
---[ end trace da227214a82491bd ]---
Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception in interrupt

This comes about because CPU1 is executing xt_replace_table in response
to a setsockopt syscall, resulting in:

ret = xt_jumpstack_alloc(newinfo);
--> newinfo->jumpstack = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);


table->private = newinfo;
newinfo->initial_entries = private->initial_entries;

Meanwhile, CPU0 is handling the network receive path and ends up in
ipt_do_table, resulting in:

private = table->private;


jumpstack = (struct ipt_entry **)private->jumpstack[cpu];

On weakly ordered memory architectures, the writes to table->private
and newinfo->jumpstack from CPU1 can be observed out of order by CPU0.
Furthermore, on architectures which don't respect ordering of address
dependencies (i.e. Alpha), the reads from CPU0 can also be re-ordered.

This patch adds an smp_wmb() before the assignment to table->private
(which is essentially publishing newinfo) to ensure that all writes to
newinfo will be observed before plugging it into the table structure.
A dependent-read barrier is also added on the consumer side, to ensure
the same ordering requirement are also respected there.

Cc: Pablo Neira Ayuso <>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <>
Reported-by: Wang, Yalin <>
Tested-by: Wang, Yalin <>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <>
net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_tables.c | 5 +++++
net/netfilter/x_tables.c | 7 ++++++-
2 files changed, 11 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_tables.c b/net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_tables.c
index d23118d..3686458 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_tables.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_tables.c
@@ -327,6 +327,11 @@ ipt_do_table(struct sk_buff *skb,
addend = xt_write_recseq_begin();
private = table->private;
cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ /*
+ * Ensure we load private members after we've fetched the base
+ * pointer.
+ */
+ smp_read_barrier_depends();
table_base = private->entries[cpu];
jumpstack = (struct ipt_entry **)private->jumpstack[cpu];
stackptr = per_cpu_ptr(private->stackptr, cpu);
diff --git a/net/netfilter/x_tables.c b/net/netfilter/x_tables.c
index 8b03028..227aa11 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/x_tables.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/x_tables.c
@@ -845,8 +845,13 @@ xt_replace_table(struct xt_table *table,
return NULL;

- table->private = newinfo;
newinfo->initial_entries = private->initial_entries;
+ /*
+ * Ensure contents of newinfo are visible before assigning to
+ * private.
+ */
+ smp_wmb();
+ table->private = newinfo;

* Even though table entries have now been swapped, other CPU's

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