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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 1/7] arm64: introduce basic aarch64 instruction decoding helpers
On Thu, Oct 17, 2013 at 07:19:34AM +0100, Jiang Liu wrote:
> From: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
>
> Introduce basic aarch64 instruction decoding helper
> aarch64_get_insn_class() and aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe().
>
> Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
> Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
> ---
> arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h | 67 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile | 2 +-
> arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c | 72 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 140 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..6190016
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,67 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2013 Huawei Ltd.
> + * Author: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
> + */
> +#ifndef _ASM_ARM64_INSN_H
> +#define _ASM_ARM64_INSN_H

We've tried to be consistent using __ASM_<name>_H here.

> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * ARM Architecture Reference Manual ARMv8, Section C3.1
> + * AArch64 main encoding table
> + * Bit position
> + * 28 27 26 25 Encoding Group
> + * 0 0 - - Unallocated
> + * 1 0 0 - Data processing, immediate
> + * 1 0 1 - Branch, exception generation and system instructions
> + * - 1 - 0 Loads and stores
> + * - 1 0 1 Data processing - register
> + * 0 1 1 1 Data processing - SIMD and floating point
> + * 1 1 1 1 Data processing - SIMD and floating point
> + * "-" means "don't care"
> + */
> +enum aarch64_insn_encoding_class {
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN, /* UNALLOCATED */
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_IMM, /* Data processing - immediate */
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_REG, /* Data processing - register */
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_FPSIMD, /* Data processing - SIMD and FP */
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_LDST, /* Loads and stores */
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_BR_SYS, /* Branch, exception generation and
> + * system instructions */
> +};
> +
> +#define __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(abbr, mask, val) \
> +static __always_inline bool aarch64_insn_is_##abbr(u32 code) \
> +{ return (code & (mask)) == (val); } \
> +static __always_inline u32 aarch64_insn_get_##abbr##_mask(void) \
> +{ return (mask); } \
> +static __always_inline u32 aarch64_insn_get_##abbr##_value(void) \
> +{ return (val); }
> +
> +__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(b, 0xFC000000, 0x14000000)
> +__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(bl, 0xFC000000, 0x94000000)
> +__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(svc, 0xFFE0001F, 0xD4000001)
> +__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(hvc, 0xFFE0001F, 0xD4000002)
> +__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(smc, 0xFFE0001F, 0xD4000003)
> +__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(brk, 0xFFE0001F, 0xD4200000)
> +__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(nop, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xD503201F)
> +
> +#undef __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS
> +
> +enum aarch64_insn_encoding_class aarch64_get_insn_class(u32 insn);
> +
> +bool aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(u32 old_insn, u32 new_insn);
> +
> +#endif /* _ASM_ARM64_INSN_H */
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
> index 7b4b564..9af6cb3 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ AFLAGS_head.o := -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET)
> arm64-obj-y := cputable.o debug-monitors.o entry.o irq.o fpsimd.o \
> entry-fpsimd.o process.o ptrace.o setup.o signal.o \
> sys.o stacktrace.o time.o traps.o io.o vdso.o \
> - hyp-stub.o psci.o
> + hyp-stub.o psci.o insn.o
>
> arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += sys32.o kuser32.o signal32.o \
> sys_compat.o
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..1c501f3
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,72 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2013 Huawei Ltd.
> + * Author: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
> + */
> +#include <linux/compiler.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <asm/insn.h>
> +
> +static int aarch64_insn_encoding_cls[] = {
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_LDST,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_REG,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_LDST,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_FPSIMD,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_IMM,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_IMM,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_BR_SYS,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_BR_SYS,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_LDST,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_REG,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_LDST,
> + AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_FPSIMD,
> +};
> +
> +enum aarch64_insn_encoding_class __kprobes aarch64_get_insn_class(u32 insn)
> +{
> + return aarch64_insn_encoding_cls[(insn >> 25) & 0xf];
> +}

For some reason, I just read `cls' as `count leading set', so you could just
use `class' here to help lazy readers like me :)

> +static bool __kprobes __aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(u32 insn)
> +{
> + if (aarch64_get_insn_class(insn) != AARCH64_INSN_CLS_BR_SYS)
> + return false;
> +
> + return aarch64_insn_is_b(insn) ||
> + aarch64_insn_is_bl(insn) ||
> + aarch64_insn_is_svc(insn) ||
> + aarch64_insn_is_hvc(insn) ||
> + aarch64_insn_is_smc(insn) ||
> + aarch64_insn_is_brk(insn) ||
> + aarch64_insn_is_nop(insn);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * ARMv8-A Section B2.6.5:
> + * Concurrent modification and execution of instructions can lead to the
> + * resulting instruction performing any behavior that can be achieved by
> + * executing any sequence of instructions that can be executed from the
> + * same Exception level, except where the instruction before modification
> + * and the instruction after modification is a B, BL, NOP, BKPT, SVC, HVC,
> + * or SMC instruction.
> + */
> +bool __kprobes aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(u32 old_insn, u32 new_insn)
> +{
> + return __aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(old_insn) &&
> + __aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(new_insn);
> +}

With those cosmetic changes:

Reviewed-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

Will


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