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Subject[PATCH v3 1/7] arm64: introduce basic aarch64 instruction decoding helpers
Date
From: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>

Introduce basic aarch64 instruction decoding helper
aarch64_get_insn_class() and aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe().

Signed-off-by: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
Cc: Jiang Liu <liuj97@gmail.com>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile | 2 +-
arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c | 86 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 140 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e7d1bc8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/insn.h
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2013 Huawei Ltd.
+ * Author: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef _ASM_ARM64_INSN_H
+#define _ASM_ARM64_INSN_H
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+enum aarch64_insn_class {
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN, /* UNALLOCATED */
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_IMM, /* Data processing - immediate */
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_REG, /* Data processing - register */
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_FPSIMD, /* Data processing - SIMD and FP */
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_LDST, /* Loads and stores */
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_BR_SYS, /* Branch, exception generation and
+ * system instructions */
+};
+
+#define __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(abbr, mask, val) \
+static __always_inline bool aarch64_insn_is_##abbr(u32 code) \
+{ return (code & (mask)) == (val); } \
+static __always_inline u32 aarch64_insn_get_##abbr##_mask(void) \
+{ return (mask); } \
+static __always_inline u32 aarch64_insn_get_##abbr##_value(void) \
+{ return (val); }
+
+__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(b, 0xFC000000, 0x14000000)
+__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(bl, 0xFC000000, 0x94000000)
+__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(svc, 0xFFE0001F, 0xD4000001)
+__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(hvc, 0xFFE0001F, 0xD4000002)
+__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(smc, 0xFFE0001F, 0xD4000003)
+__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(brk, 0xFFE0001F, 0xD4200000)
+__AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS(nop, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0xD503201F)
+
+#undef __AARCH64_INSN_FUNCS
+
+enum aarch64_insn_class aarch64_get_insn_class(u32 insn);
+
+bool aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(u32 old_insn, u32 new_insn);
+
+#endif /* _ASM_ARM64_INSN_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
index 7b4b564..9af6cb3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/Makefile
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@ AFLAGS_head.o := -DTEXT_OFFSET=$(TEXT_OFFSET)
arm64-obj-y := cputable.o debug-monitors.o entry.o irq.o fpsimd.o \
entry-fpsimd.o process.o ptrace.o setup.o signal.o \
sys.o stacktrace.o time.o traps.o io.o vdso.o \
- hyp-stub.o psci.o
+ hyp-stub.o psci.o insn.o

arm64-obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += sys32.o kuser32.o signal32.o \
sys_compat.o
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1be4d11
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/insn.c
@@ -0,0 +1,86 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2013 Huawei Ltd.
+ * Author: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <asm/insn.h>
+
+/*
+ * ARM Architecture Reference Manual ARMv8, Section C3.1
+ * AARCH64 main encoding table
+ * Bit position
+ * 28 27 26 25 Encoding Group
+ * 0 0 - - Unallocated
+ * 1 0 0 - Data processing, immediate
+ * 1 0 1 - Branch, exception generation and system instructions
+ * - 1 - 0 Loads and stores
+ * - 1 0 1 Data processing - register
+ * 0 1 1 1 Data processing - SIMD and floating point
+ * 1 1 1 1 Data processing - SIMD and floating point
+ * "-" means "don't care"
+ */
+static int aarch64_insn_cls[] = {
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_UNKNOWN,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_LDST,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_REG,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_LDST,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_FPSIMD,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_IMM,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_IMM,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_BR_SYS,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_BR_SYS,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_LDST,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_REG,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_LDST,
+ AARCH64_INSN_CLS_DP_FPSIMD,
+};
+
+enum aarch64_insn_class __kprobes aarch64_get_insn_class(u32 insn)
+{
+ return aarch64_insn_cls[(insn >> 25) & 0xf];
+}
+
+static bool __kprobes __aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(u32 insn)
+{
+ if (aarch64_get_insn_class(insn) != AARCH64_INSN_CLS_BR_SYS)
+ return false;
+
+ return aarch64_insn_is_b(insn) ||
+ aarch64_insn_is_bl(insn) ||
+ aarch64_insn_is_svc(insn) ||
+ aarch64_insn_is_hvc(insn) ||
+ aarch64_insn_is_smc(insn) ||
+ aarch64_insn_is_brk(insn) ||
+ aarch64_insn_is_nop(insn);
+}
+
+/*
+ * ARMv8-A Section B2.6.5:
+ * Concurrent modification and execution of instructions can lead to the
+ * resulting instruction performing any behavior that can be achieved by
+ * executing any sequence of instructions that can be executed from the
+ * same Exception level, except where the instruction before modification
+ * and the instruction after modification is a B, BL, NOP, BKPT, SVC, HVC,
+ * or SMC instruction.
+ */
+bool __kprobes aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(u32 old_insn, u32 new_insn)
+{
+ return __aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(old_insn) &&
+ __aarch64_insn_hotpatch_safe(new_insn);
+}
--
1.8.1.2


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