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Subject[tip:x86/hyperv] x86, hyperv: Get the local APIC timer frequency from the hypervisor
Commit-ID:  9e7827b5ea4ca93b4d864bc07c0fafb838d496b1
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/9e7827b5ea4ca93b4d864bc07c0fafb838d496b1
Author: K. Y. Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com>
AuthorDate: Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:28:52 +0200
Committer: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
CommitDate: Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:44:12 -0700

x86, hyperv: Get the local APIC timer frequency from the hypervisor

Hyper-V supports a mechanism for retrieving the local APIC frequency.
Use this and bypass the calibration code in the kernel . This would
allow us to boot the Linux kernel as a "modern VM" on Hyper-V where
many of the legacy devices (such as PIT) are not emulated.

I would like to thank Olaf Hering <olaf@aepfle.de>, Jan Beulich <JBeulich@suse.com> and
H. Peter Anvin <h.peter.anvin@intel.com> for their help in this effort.

In this version of the patch, I have addressed Jan's comments.

Signed-off-by: K. Y. Srinivasan <kys@microsoft.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1380554932-9888-1-git-send-email-olaf@aepfle.de
Tested-by: Olaf Hering <olaf@aepfle.de>
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hyperv.h | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mshyperv.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 43 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hyperv.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hyperv.h
index b80420b..b8f1c01 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hyperv.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hyperv.h
@@ -27,6 +27,19 @@
#define HV_X64_MSR_VP_RUNTIME_AVAILABLE (1 << 0)
/* Partition Reference Counter (HV_X64_MSR_TIME_REF_COUNT) available*/
#define HV_X64_MSR_TIME_REF_COUNT_AVAILABLE (1 << 1)
+
+/*
+ * There is a single feature flag that signifies the presence of the MSR
+ * that can be used to retrieve both the local APIC Timer frequency as
+ * well as the TSC frequency.
+ */
+
+/* Local APIC timer frequency MSR (HV_X64_MSR_APIC_FREQUENCY) is available */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_APIC_FREQUENCY_AVAILABLE (1 << 11)
+
+/* TSC frequency MSR (HV_X64_MSR_TSC_FREQUENCY) is available */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_TSC_FREQUENCY_AVAILABLE (1 << 11)
+
/*
* Basic SynIC MSRs (HV_X64_MSR_SCONTROL through HV_X64_MSR_EOM
* and HV_X64_MSR_SINT0 through HV_X64_MSR_SINT15) available
@@ -136,6 +149,12 @@
/* MSR used to read the per-partition time reference counter */
#define HV_X64_MSR_TIME_REF_COUNT 0x40000020

+/* MSR used to retrieve the TSC frequency */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_TSC_FREQUENCY 0x40000022
+
+/* MSR used to retrieve the local APIC timer frequency */
+#define HV_X64_MSR_APIC_FREQUENCY 0x40000023
+
/* Define the virtual APIC registers */
#define HV_X64_MSR_EOI 0x40000070
#define HV_X64_MSR_ICR 0x40000071
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mshyperv.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mshyperv.c
index 71a39f3..0a490ca 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mshyperv.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mshyperv.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
#include <linux/clocksource.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
+#include <linux/efi.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/hypervisor.h>
@@ -23,6 +24,7 @@
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/idle.h>
#include <asm/irq_regs.h>
+#include <asm/i8259.h>

struct ms_hyperv_info ms_hyperv;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ms_hyperv);
@@ -67,6 +69,8 @@ static struct clocksource hyperv_cs = {

static void __init ms_hyperv_init_platform(void)
{
+ u64 hv_lapic_frequency;
+
/*
* Extract the features and hints
*/
@@ -76,6 +80,26 @@ static void __init ms_hyperv_init_platform(void)
printk(KERN_INFO "HyperV: features 0x%x, hints 0x%x\n",
ms_hyperv.features, ms_hyperv.hints);

+ if (ms_hyperv.features & HV_X64_MSR_APIC_FREQUENCY_AVAILABLE) {
+ /*
+ * Get the APIC frequency.
+ */
+ rdmsrl(HV_X64_MSR_APIC_FREQUENCY, hv_lapic_frequency);
+ hv_lapic_frequency = div_u64(hv_lapic_frequency, HZ);
+ lapic_timer_frequency = hv_lapic_frequency;
+ printk(KERN_INFO "HyperV: LAPIC Timer Frequency: %#x\n",
+ lapic_timer_frequency);
+
+ /*
+ * On Hyper-V, when we are booting off an EFI firmware stack,
+ * we do not have many legacy devices including PIC, PIT etc.
+ */
+ if (efi_enabled(EFI_BOOT)) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "HyperV: Using null_legacy_pic\n");
+ legacy_pic = &null_legacy_pic;
+ }
+ }
+
if (ms_hyperv.features & HV_X64_MSR_TIME_REF_COUNT_AVAILABLE)
clocksource_register_hz(&hyperv_cs, NSEC_PER_SEC/100);
}

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