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Subject[PATCH 05/14] lib: Add I/O map cache implementation
Date
The I/O map cache is used to map large regions of physical memory in
smaller chunks to avoid running out of vmalloc()/ioremap() space.

Signed-off-by: Thierry Reding <thierry.reding@avionic-design.de>
---
include/linux/io.h | 12 +++
lib/ioremap.c | 266 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 278 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/io.h b/include/linux/io.h
index 069e407..c5d296c 100644
--- a/include/linux/io.h
+++ b/include/linux/io.h
@@ -76,4 +76,16 @@ void devm_ioremap_release(struct device *dev, void *res);
#define arch_has_dev_port() (1)
#endif

+struct iomap_cache;
+struct resource;
+
+struct iomap_cache *iomap_cache_create(const struct resource *region);
+void iomap_cache_free(struct iomap_cache *cache);
+void __iomem *iomap_cache_map(struct iomap_cache *cache, unsigned long offset);
+void iomap_cache_unmap(struct iomap_cache *cache, void __iomem *addr);
+
+struct iomap_cache *devm_iomap_cache_create(struct device *dev,
+ const struct resource *region);
+void devm_iomap_cache_free(struct device *dev, struct iomap_cache *cache);
+
#endif /* _LINUX_IO_H */
diff --git a/lib/ioremap.c b/lib/ioremap.c
index 0c9216c..8a13d97 100644
--- a/lib/ioremap.c
+++ b/lib/ioremap.c
@@ -5,11 +5,16 @@
*
* (C) Copyright 1995 1996 Linus Torvalds
*/
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>

@@ -92,3 +97,264 @@ int ioremap_page_range(unsigned long addr,
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ioremap_page_range);
+
+/**
+ * struct iomap_cache_page - page in an I/O map cache
+ * @region: subregion mapped by the page
+ * @list: chain in cache list
+ * @virt: virtual address of mapped region
+ */
+struct iomap_cache_page {
+ struct resource *region;
+ struct list_head list;
+ void __iomem *virt;
+};
+
+static struct iomap_cache_page *iomap_cache_page_create(void)
+{
+ struct iomap_cache_page *page;
+
+ page = kzalloc(sizeof(*page), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!page)
+ return NULL;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&page->list);
+
+ return page;
+}
+
+static void iomap_cache_page_unmap(struct iomap_cache_page *page)
+{
+ release_resource(page->region);
+ page->region = NULL;
+
+ iounmap(page->virt);
+ page->virt = NULL;
+}
+
+static void iomap_cache_page_free(struct iomap_cache_page *page)
+{
+ iomap_cache_page_unmap(page);
+ list_del(&page->list);
+ kfree(page);
+}
+
+/**
+ * struct iomap_cache - cache of I/O mapped pages
+ * @region: region mapped by the cache
+ * @pages: list of pages in the cache
+ * @num_pages: number of pages in the cache
+ * @max_pages: maximum number of pages that the cache can map simultaneously
+ */
+struct iomap_cache {
+ struct resource region;
+ struct list_head pages;
+ unsigned int num_pages;
+ unsigned int max_pages;
+};
+
+/**
+ * iomap_cache_create() - create an I/O map cache
+ * @region: memory region to map
+ *
+ * Returns a new I/O map cache that can be used to map the given region on a
+ * page by page basis. On failure, a negative error code is returned.
+ */
+struct iomap_cache *iomap_cache_create(const struct resource *region)
+{
+ struct iomap_cache *cache;
+
+ cache = kzalloc(sizeof(*cache), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!cache)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ memcpy(&cache->region, region, sizeof(*region));
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cache->pages);
+ cache->num_pages = 0;
+ cache->max_pages = 1;
+
+ return cache;
+}
+
+/**
+ * iomap_cache_free() - free an I/O map cache
+ * @cache: I/O map cache
+ */
+void iomap_cache_free(struct iomap_cache *cache)
+{
+ struct iomap_cache_page *page, *tmp;
+
+ if (!cache)
+ return;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(page, tmp, &cache->pages, list)
+ iomap_cache_page_free(page);
+
+ kfree(cache);
+}
+
+/**
+ * iomap_cache_map() - map a given offset in the cache's region
+ * @cache: I/O map cache
+ * @offset: offset into the cache's region of the address to map
+ *
+ * Returns the virtual address of mapped offset into the cache's region or
+ * NULL if the offset is outside of the region or if not enough memory is
+ * available to map the page.
+ */
+void __iomem *iomap_cache_map(struct iomap_cache *cache, unsigned long offset)
+{
+ struct iomap_cache_page *page;
+ struct resource *region;
+ unsigned long phys;
+
+ if (!cache || offset >= resource_size(&cache->region))
+ return NULL;
+
+ phys = cache->region.start + (offset & PAGE_MASK);
+
+ list_for_each_entry(page, &cache->pages, list) {
+ resource_size_t start, end;
+
+ if (!page->region || !page->virt)
+ continue;
+
+ start = page->region->start - cache->region.start;
+ end = page->region->end - cache->region.start;
+
+ /* address is within an already mapped page */
+ if (offset >= start && offset <= end) {
+ /* move page to end of the LRU list */
+ list_del_init(&page->list);
+ list_add_tail(&page->list, &cache->pages);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* find an unmapped page */
+ list_for_each_entry(page, &cache->pages, list) {
+ if (!page->region || !page->virt) {
+ list_del_init(&page->list);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* no unmapped page found */
+ if (&page->list == &cache->pages) {
+ /* add a new page if more space is available */
+ if (cache->num_pages < cache->max_pages) {
+ page = iomap_cache_page_create();
+ if (!page)
+ return NULL;
+
+ cache->num_pages++;
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * If all pages are in use and there's no space left
+ * for a new one, evict the first page in the list.
+ */
+ page = list_first_entry(&cache->pages,
+ struct iomap_cache_page,
+ list);
+ iomap_cache_page_unmap(page);
+ list_del_init(&page->list);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* insert page at the end of the LRU list */
+ list_add_tail(&page->list, &cache->pages);
+
+ region = __request_region(&cache->region, phys, PAGE_SIZE, NULL,
+ cache->region.flags);
+ if (!region)
+ return NULL;
+
+ page->virt = ioremap(region->start, resource_size(region));
+ if (!page->virt) {
+ release_resource(region);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ page->region = region;
+
+out:
+ return page->virt + (offset & ~PAGE_MASK);
+}
+
+/**
+ * iomap_cache_unmap() - remove a mapping from the cache
+ * @cache: I/O map cache
+ * @addr: virtual address of the mapping to remove
+ */
+void iomap_cache_unmap(struct iomap_cache *cache, void __iomem *addr)
+{
+ struct iomap_cache_page *page;
+
+ if (!cache)
+ return;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(page, &cache->pages, list) {
+ if (page->virt == addr) {
+ iomap_cache_page_unmap(page);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void devm_iomap_cache_release(struct device *dev, void *res)
+{
+ iomap_cache_free(*(struct iomap_cache **)res);
+}
+
+static int devm_iomap_cache_match(struct device *dev, void *res, void *data)
+{
+ struct iomap_cache **p = res;
+
+ if (WARN_ON(!p || !*p))
+ return 0;
+
+ return *p == data;
+}
+
+/**
+ * devm_iomap_cache_create() - create an I/O map cache
+ * @dev: device to attach this I/O map cache to
+ * @region: memory region to map
+ *
+ * Returns a new I/O map cache that can be used to map the given region on a
+ * page by page basis. On failure, a negative error code is returned.
+ *
+ * This function is a device-managed version of iomap_cache_create() which
+ * will automatically be freed when the device disappears.
+ */
+struct iomap_cache *devm_iomap_cache_create(struct device *dev,
+ const struct resource *region)
+{
+ struct iomap_cache **ptr, *cache;
+
+ ptr = devres_alloc(devm_iomap_cache_release, sizeof(**ptr), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ptr)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ cache = iomap_cache_create(region);
+ if (IS_ERR(cache)) {
+ devres_free(ptr);
+ return cache;
+ }
+
+ *ptr = cache;
+ devres_add(dev, ptr);
+
+ return cache;
+}
+
+/**
+ * devm_iomap_cache_free() - free an I/O map cache
+ * @dev: device that this I/O map cached was attached to
+ * @cache: I/O map cache
+ */
+void devm_iomap_cache_free(struct device *dev, struct iomap_cache *cache)
+{
+ WARN_ON(devres_release(dev, devm_iomap_cache_release,
+ devm_iomap_cache_match, cache));
+}
--
1.8.1


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