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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 5/5] KVM: x86: improve reexecute_instruction
On 01/05/2013 06:44 AM, Marcelo Tosatti wrote:

>> index b0a3678..44c6992 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
>> @@ -4756,15 +4756,8 @@ static int handle_emulation_failure(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> static bool reexecute_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr2)
>> {
>> gpa_t gpa = cr2;
>> + gfn_t gfn;
>> pfn_t pfn;
>> - unsigned int indirect_shadow_pages;
>> -
>> - spin_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
>> - indirect_shadow_pages = vcpu->kvm->arch.indirect_shadow_pages;
>> - spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
>> -
>> - if (!indirect_shadow_pages)
>> - return false;
>
> This renders the previous patch obsolete, pretty much (please fold).

Will try.

>
>> if (!vcpu->arch.mmu.direct_map) {
>> /*
>> @@ -4781,13 +4774,7 @@ static bool reexecute_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr2)
>> return true;
>> }
>>
>> - /*
>> - * if emulation was due to access to shadowed page table
>> - * and it failed try to unshadow page and re-enter the
>> - * guest to let CPU execute the instruction.
>> - */
>> - if (kvm_mmu_unprotect_page(vcpu->kvm, gpa_to_gfn(gpa)))
>> - return true;
>> + gfn = gpa_to_gfn(gpa);
>>
>> /*
>> * Do not retry the unhandleable instruction if it faults on the
>> @@ -4795,13 +4782,38 @@ static bool reexecute_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr2)
>> * retry instruction -> write #PF -> emulation fail -> retry
>> * instruction -> ...
>> */
>> - pfn = gfn_to_pfn(vcpu->kvm, gpa_to_gfn(gpa));
>> - if (!is_error_noslot_pfn(pfn)) {
>> - kvm_release_pfn_clean(pfn);
>> + pfn = gfn_to_pfn(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * If the instruction failed on the error pfn, it can not be fixed,
>> + * report the error to userspace.
>> + */
>> + if (is_error_noslot_pfn(pfn))
>> + return false;
>> +
>> + kvm_release_pfn_clean(pfn);
>> +
>> + /* The instructions are well-emulated on direct mmu. */
>> + if (vcpu->arch.mmu.direct_map) {
>
> !direct_map?

No. This logic is, if it is direct mmu, we just unprotect the page shadowed by
nested mmu, then let guest retry the instruction, no need to detect unhandlable
instruction.

>
>> + unsigned int indirect_shadow_pages;
>> +
>> + spin_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
>> + indirect_shadow_pages = vcpu->kvm->arch.indirect_shadow_pages;
>> + spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
>> +
>> + if (indirect_shadow_pages)
>> + kvm_mmu_unprotect_page(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
>> +
>> return true;
>> }
>>
>> - return false;
>> + kvm_mmu_unprotect_page(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
>> +
>> + /* If the target gfn is used as page table, the fault can
>> + * not be avoided by unprotecting shadow page and it will
>> + * be reported to userspace.
>> + */
>> + return !vcpu->arch.target_gfn_is_pt;
>> }
>
> The idea was
>
> How about recording the gfn number for shadow pages that have been
> shadowed in the current pagefault run? (which is cheap, compared to
> shadowing these pages).
>
> If failed instruction emulation is write to one of these gfns, then
> fail.

If i understood correctly, i do not think it is simpler than the way in this
patch.

There is the change to apply the idea:

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index c431b33..2163de8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -502,6 +502,8 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
u64 msr_val;
struct gfn_to_hva_cache data;
} pv_eoi;
+
+ gfn_t pt_gfns[4];
};

struct kvm_lpage_info {
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h b/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
index 0453fa0..ac4210f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/paging_tmpl.h
@@ -523,6 +523,18 @@ FNAME(is_self_change_mapping)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
return false;
}

+static void FNAME(cache_pt_gfns)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct guest_walker *walker)
+{
+ int level;
+
+ /* Reset all gfns to -1, then we can detect the levels which is not used in guest. */
+ for (level = 0; level < 4; level++)
+ vcpu->arch.pt_gfns[level] = (gfn_t)(-1);
+
+ for (level = walker->level; level <= walker->max_level; level++)
+ vcpu->arch.pt_gfns[level - 1] = walker->table_gfn[level - 1];
+}
+
/*
* Page fault handler. There are several causes for a page fault:
* - there is no shadow pte for the guest pte
@@ -576,6 +588,8 @@ static int FNAME(page_fault)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t addr, u32 error_code,
return 0;
}

+ FNAME(cache_pt_gfns)(vcpu, &walker);
+
if (walker.level >= PT_DIRECTORY_LEVEL)
force_pt_level = mapping_level_dirty_bitmap(vcpu, walker.gfn)
|| FNAME(is_self_change_mapping)(vcpu, &walker, user_fault);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index b0a3678..b86ee24 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -4753,18 +4753,25 @@ static int handle_emulation_failure(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
return r;
}

+static bool is_gfn_used_as_pt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gfn_t gfn)
+{
+ int level;
+
+ for (level = 0; level < 4; level++) {
+ if (vcpu->arch.pt_gfns[level] == (gfn_t)-1)
+ continue;
+ if (gfn == vcpu->arch.pt_gfns[level])
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
static bool reexecute_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr2)
{
gpa_t gpa = cr2;
+ gfn_t gfn;
pfn_t pfn;
- unsigned int indirect_shadow_pages;
-
- spin_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
- indirect_shadow_pages = vcpu->kvm->arch.indirect_shadow_pages;
- spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
-
- if (!indirect_shadow_pages)
- return false;

if (!vcpu->arch.mmu.direct_map) {
/*
@@ -4781,13 +4788,7 @@ static bool reexecute_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr2)
return true;
}

- /*
- * if emulation was due to access to shadowed page table
- * and it failed try to unshadow page and re-enter the
- * guest to let CPU execute the instruction.
- */
- if (kvm_mmu_unprotect_page(vcpu->kvm, gpa_to_gfn(gpa)))
- return true;
+ gfn = gpa_to_gfn(gpa);

/*
* Do not retry the unhandleable instruction if it faults on the
@@ -4795,13 +4796,38 @@ static bool reexecute_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr2)
* retry instruction -> write #PF -> emulation fail -> retry
* instruction -> ...
*/
- pfn = gfn_to_pfn(vcpu->kvm, gpa_to_gfn(gpa));
- if (!is_error_noslot_pfn(pfn)) {
- kvm_release_pfn_clean(pfn);
+ pfn = gfn_to_pfn(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
+
+ /*
+ * If the instruction failed on the error pfn, it can not be fixed,
+ * report the error to userspace.
+ */
+ if (is_error_noslot_pfn(pfn))
+ return false;
+
+ kvm_release_pfn_clean(pfn);
+
+ /* The instructions are well-emulated on direct mmu. */
+ if (vcpu->arch.mmu.direct_map) {
+ unsigned int indirect_shadow_pages;
+
+ spin_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
+ indirect_shadow_pages = vcpu->kvm->arch.indirect_shadow_pages;
+ spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
+
+ if (indirect_shadow_pages)
+ kvm_mmu_unprotect_page(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
+
return true;
}

- return false;
+ kvm_mmu_unprotect_page(vcpu->kvm, gfn);
+
+ /* If the target gfn is used as page table, the fault can
+ * not be avoided by unprotecting shadow page and it will
+ * be reported to userspace.
+ */
+ return !is_gfn_used_as_pt(vcpu, gfn);
}

static bool retry_instruction(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt,

You can see we need to record more things in the vcpu struct (bool vs. gfn_t [4])
and my patch can fold is_gfn_used_as_pt into a existed function FNAME(is_self_change_mapping).

Hmm?



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