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SubjectRe: [PATCH] backlight: add an AS3711 PMIC backlight driver
Hi Jingoo Han

On Fri, 25 Jan 2013, Jingoo Han wrote:

> On Wednesday, January 09, 2013 2:55 AM, Guennadi Liakhovetski wrote
> >
> > This is an initial commit of a backlight driver, using step-up DCDC power
> > supplies on AS3711 PMIC. Only one mode has actually been tested, several
> > further modes have been implemented "dry," but disabled to avoid accidental
> > hardware damage. Anyone wishing to use any of those modes will have to
> > modify the driver.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Guennadi Liakhovetski <g.liakhovetski@gmx.de>
>
> CC'ed Andrew Morton.
>
> Hi Guennadi Liakhovetski,
>
> I have reviewed this patch with AS3711 datasheet.
> I cannot find any problems. It looks good.

Thanks for the review.

> However, some hardcoded numbers need to be changed
> to the bit definitions.

Which specific hardcoded values do you mean? A while ago in a discussion
on one of kernel mailing lists a conclusion has been made, that macros do
not always improve code readability. E.g. in a statement like this

+ case AS3711_SU2_CURR_AUTO:
+ if (pdata->su2_auto_curr1)
+ ctl = 2;
+ if (pdata->su2_auto_curr2)
+ ctl |= 8;
+ if (pdata->su2_auto_curr3)
+ ctl |= 0x20;

making it

+ case AS3711_SU2_CURR_AUTO:
+ if (pdata->su2_auto_curr1)
+ ctl = SU2_AUTO_CURR1;

would hardly make it more readable. IMHO it is already pretty clear, that
bit 1 enables the current-1 sink. As long as these fields are only used at
one location in the driver (and they are), using a macro and defining it
elsewhere only makes it harder to see actual values. Speaking of this, a
comment like

/*
* Select, which current sinks shall be used for automatic
* feedback selection
*/

would help much more than any macro names. But as it stands, I think the
current version is also possible to understand :-) If desired, however,
comments can be added in an incremental patch.

Thanks
Guennadi

> Acked-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@samsung.com>
>
>
> Best regards,
> Jingoo Han
>
> > ---
> >
> > Tested on sh73a0-based kzm9g board. As the commit message says, only one
> > mode has been tested and is enabled. That mode copies the sample code from
> > the manufacturer. Deviations from that code proved to be fatal for the
> > hardware...
> >
> > drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig | 7 +
> > drivers/video/backlight/Makefile | 1 +
> > drivers/video/backlight/as3711_bl.c | 379 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 3 files changed, 387 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
> > create mode 100644 drivers/video/backlight/as3711_bl.c
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig b/drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig
> > index 765a945..6ef0ede 100644
> > --- a/drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/video/backlight/Kconfig
> > @@ -390,6 +390,13 @@ config BACKLIGHT_TPS65217
> > If you have a Texas Instruments TPS65217 say Y to enable the
> > backlight driver.
> >
> > +config BACKLIGHT_AS3711
> > + tristate "AS3711 Backlight"
> > + depends on BACKLIGHT_CLASS_DEVICE && MFD_AS3711
> > + help
> > + If you have an Austrian Microsystems AS3711 say Y to enable the
> > + backlight driver.
> > +
> > endif # BACKLIGHT_CLASS_DEVICE
> >
> > endif # BACKLIGHT_LCD_SUPPORT
> > diff --git a/drivers/video/backlight/Makefile b/drivers/video/backlight/Makefile
> > index e7ce729..d3e188f 100644
> > --- a/drivers/video/backlight/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/video/backlight/Makefile
> > @@ -45,3 +45,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_PCF50633) += pcf50633-backlight.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_AAT2870) += aat2870_bl.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_OT200) += ot200_bl.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_TPS65217) += tps65217_bl.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_BACKLIGHT_AS3711) += as3711_bl.o
> > diff --git a/drivers/video/backlight/as3711_bl.c b/drivers/video/backlight/as3711_bl.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000..c6bc65d
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/video/backlight/as3711_bl.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,379 @@
> > +/*
> > + * AS3711 PMIC backlight driver, using DCDC Step Up Converters
> > + *
> > + * Copyright (C) 2012 Renesas Electronics Corporation
> > + * Author: Guennadi Liakhovetski, <g.liakhovetski@gmx.de>
> > + *
> > + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> > + * it under the terms of the version 2 of the GNU General Public License as
> > + * published by the Free Software Foundation
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <linux/backlight.h>
> > +#include <linux/delay.h>
> > +#include <linux/device.h>
> > +#include <linux/err.h>
> > +#include <linux/fb.h>
> > +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> > +#include <linux/mfd/as3711.h>
> > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > +#include <linux/regmap.h>
> > +#include <linux/slab.h>
> > +
> > +enum as3711_bl_type {
> > + AS3711_BL_SU1,
> > + AS3711_BL_SU2,
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct as3711_bl_data {
> > + bool powered;
> > + const char *fb_name;
> > + struct device *fb_dev;
> > + enum as3711_bl_type type;
> > + int brightness;
> > + struct backlight_device *bl;
> > +};
> > +
> > +struct as3711_bl_supply {
> > + struct as3711_bl_data su1;
> > + struct as3711_bl_data su2;
> > + const struct as3711_bl_pdata *pdata;
> > + struct as3711 *as3711;
> > +};
> > +
> > +static struct as3711_bl_supply *to_supply(struct as3711_bl_data *su)
> > +{
> > + switch (su->type) {
> > + case AS3711_BL_SU1:
> > + return container_of(su, struct as3711_bl_supply, su1);
> > + case AS3711_BL_SU2:
> > + return container_of(su, struct as3711_bl_supply, su2);
> > + }
> > + return NULL;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int as3711_set_brightness_auto_i(struct as3711_bl_data *data,
> > + unsigned int brightness)
> > +{
> > + struct as3711_bl_supply *supply = to_supply(data);
> > + struct as3711 *as3711 = supply->as3711;
> > + const struct as3711_bl_pdata *pdata = supply->pdata;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + /* Only all equal current values are supported */
> > + if (pdata->su2_auto_curr1)
> > + ret = regmap_write(as3711->regmap, AS3711_CURR1_VALUE,
> > + brightness);
> > + if (!ret && pdata->su2_auto_curr2)
> > + ret = regmap_write(as3711->regmap, AS3711_CURR2_VALUE,
> > + brightness);
> > + if (!ret && pdata->su2_auto_curr3)
> > + ret = regmap_write(as3711->regmap, AS3711_CURR3_VALUE,
> > + brightness);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int as3711_set_brightness_v(struct as3711 *as3711,
> > + unsigned int brightness,
> > + unsigned int reg)
> > +{
> > + if (brightness > 31)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + return regmap_update_bits(as3711->regmap, reg, 0xf0,
> > + brightness << 4);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int as3711_bl_su2_reset(struct as3711_bl_supply *supply)
> > +{
> > + struct as3711 *as3711 = supply->as3711;
> > + int ret = regmap_update_bits(as3711->regmap, AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_5,
> > + 3, supply->pdata->su2_fbprot);
> > + if (!ret)
> > + ret = regmap_update_bits(as3711->regmap,
> > + AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_2, 1, 0);
> > + if (!ret)
> > + ret = regmap_update_bits(as3711->regmap,
> > + AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_2, 1, 1);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Someone with less fragile or less expensive hardware could try to simplify
> > + * the brightness adjustment procedure.
> > + */
> > +static int as3711_bl_update_status(struct backlight_device *bl)
> > +{
> > + struct as3711_bl_data *data = bl_get_data(bl);
> > + struct as3711_bl_supply *supply = to_supply(data);
> > + struct as3711 *as3711 = supply->as3711;
> > + int brightness = bl->props.brightness;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + dev_dbg(&bl->dev, "%s(): brightness %u, pwr %x, blank %x, state %x\n",
> > + __func__, bl->props.brightness, bl->props.power,
> > + bl->props.fb_blank, bl->props.state);
> > +
> > + if (bl->props.power != FB_BLANK_UNBLANK ||
> > + bl->props.fb_blank != FB_BLANK_UNBLANK ||
> > + bl->props.state & (BL_CORE_SUSPENDED | BL_CORE_FBBLANK))
> > + brightness = 0;
> > +
> > + if (data->type == AS3711_BL_SU1) {
> > + ret = as3711_set_brightness_v(as3711, brightness,
> > + AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_1);
> > + } else {
> > + const struct as3711_bl_pdata *pdata = supply->pdata;
> > +
> > + switch (pdata->su2_feedback) {
> > + case AS3711_SU2_VOLTAGE:
> > + ret = as3711_set_brightness_v(as3711, brightness,
> > + AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_2);
> > + break;
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR_AUTO:
> > + ret = as3711_set_brightness_auto_i(data, brightness / 4);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > + if (brightness) {
> > + ret = as3711_bl_su2_reset(supply);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > + udelay(500);
> > + ret = as3711_set_brightness_auto_i(data, brightness);
> > + } else {
> > + ret = regmap_update_bits(as3711->regmap,
> > + AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_2, 1, 0);
> > + }
> > + break;
> > + /* Manual one current feedback pin below */
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR1:
> > + ret = regmap_write(as3711->regmap, AS3711_CURR1_VALUE,
> > + brightness);
> > + break;
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR2:
> > + ret = regmap_write(as3711->regmap, AS3711_CURR2_VALUE,
> > + brightness);
> > + break;
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR3:
> > + ret = regmap_write(as3711->regmap, AS3711_CURR3_VALUE,
> > + brightness);
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + ret = -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > + }
> > + if (!ret)
> > + data->brightness = brightness;
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int as3711_bl_get_brightness(struct backlight_device *bl)
> > +{
> > + struct as3711_bl_data *data = bl_get_data(bl);
> > +
> > + return data->brightness;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static const struct backlight_ops as3711_bl_ops = {
> > + .update_status = as3711_bl_update_status,
> > + .get_brightness = as3711_bl_get_brightness,
> > +};
> > +
> > +static int as3711_bl_init_su2(struct as3711_bl_supply *supply)
> > +{
> > + struct as3711 *as3711 = supply->as3711;
> > + const struct as3711_bl_pdata *pdata = supply->pdata;
> > + u8 ctl = 0;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + dev_dbg(as3711->dev, "%s(): use %u\n", __func__, pdata->su2_feedback);
> > +
> > + /* Turn SU2 off */
> > + ret = regmap_write(as3711->regmap, AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_2, 0);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + switch (pdata->su2_feedback) {
> > + case AS3711_SU2_VOLTAGE:
> > + ret = regmap_update_bits(as3711->regmap, AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_4, 3, 0);
> > + break;
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR1:
> > + ctl = 1;
> > + ret = regmap_update_bits(as3711->regmap, AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_4, 3, 1);
> > + break;
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR2:
> > + ctl = 4;
> > + ret = regmap_update_bits(as3711->regmap, AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_4, 3, 2);
> > + break;
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR3:
> > + ctl = 0x10;
> > + ret = regmap_update_bits(as3711->regmap, AS3711_STEPUP_CONTROL_4, 3, 3);
> > + break;
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR_AUTO:
> > + if (pdata->su2_auto_curr1)
> > + ctl = 2;
> > + if (pdata->su2_auto_curr2)
> > + ctl |= 8;
> > + if (pdata->su2_auto_curr3)
> > + ctl |= 0x20;
> > + ret = 0;
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (!ret)
> > + ret = regmap_write(as3711->regmap, AS3711_CURR_CONTROL, ctl);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int as3711_bl_register(struct platform_device *pdev,
> > + unsigned int max_brightness, struct as3711_bl_data *su)
> > +{
> > + struct backlight_properties props = {.type = BACKLIGHT_RAW,};
> > + struct backlight_device *bl;
> > +
> > + /* max tuning I = 31uA for voltage- and 38250uA for current-feedback */
> > + props.max_brightness = max_brightness;
> > +
> > + bl = backlight_device_register(su->type == AS3711_BL_SU1 ?
> > + "as3711-su1" : "as3711-su2",
> > + &pdev->dev, su,
> > + &as3711_bl_ops, &props);
> > + if (IS_ERR(bl)) {
> > + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to register backlight\n");
> > + return PTR_ERR(bl);
> > + }
> > +
> > + bl->props.brightness = props.max_brightness;
> > +
> > + backlight_update_status(bl);
> > +
> > + su->bl = bl;
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int as3711_backlight_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> > +{
> > + struct as3711_bl_pdata *pdata = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
> > + struct as3711 *as3711 = dev_get_drvdata(pdev->dev.parent);
> > + struct as3711_bl_supply *supply;
> > + struct as3711_bl_data *su;
> > + unsigned int max_brightness;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + if (!pdata || (!pdata->su1_fb && !pdata->su2_fb)) {
> > + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "No platform data, exiting...\n");
> > + return -ENODEV;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Due to possible hardware damage I chose to block all modes,
> > + * unsupported on my hardware. Anyone, wishing to use any of those modes
> > + * will have to first review the code, then activate and test it.
> > + */
> > + if (pdata->su1_fb ||
> > + pdata->su2_fbprot != AS3711_SU2_GPIO4 ||
> > + pdata->su2_feedback != AS3711_SU2_CURR_AUTO) {
> > + dev_warn(&pdev->dev,
> > + "Attention! An untested mode has been chosen!\n"
> > + "Please, review the code, enable, test, and report success:-)\n");
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + supply = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*supply), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!supply)
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > + supply->as3711 = as3711;
> > + supply->pdata = pdata;
> > +
> > + if (pdata->su1_fb) {
> > + su = &supply->su1;
> > + su->fb_name = pdata->su1_fb;
> > + su->type = AS3711_BL_SU1;
> > +
> > + max_brightness = min(pdata->su1_max_uA, 31);
> > + ret = as3711_bl_register(pdev, max_brightness, su);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (pdata->su2_fb) {
> > + su = &supply->su2;
> > + su->fb_name = pdata->su2_fb;
> > + su->type = AS3711_BL_SU2;
> > +
> > + switch (pdata->su2_fbprot) {
> > + case AS3711_SU2_GPIO2:
> > + case AS3711_SU2_GPIO3:
> > + case AS3711_SU2_GPIO4:
> > + case AS3711_SU2_LX_SD4:
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + ret = -EINVAL;
> > + goto esu2;
> > + }
> > +
> > + switch (pdata->su2_feedback) {
> > + case AS3711_SU2_VOLTAGE:
> > + max_brightness = min(pdata->su2_max_uA, 31);
> > + break;
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR1:
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR2:
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR3:
> > + case AS3711_SU2_CURR_AUTO:
> > + max_brightness = min(pdata->su2_max_uA / 150, 255);
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + ret = -EINVAL;
> > + goto esu2;
> > + }
> > +
> > + ret = as3711_bl_init_su2(supply);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + ret = as3711_bl_register(pdev, max_brightness, su);
> > + if (ret < 0)
> > + goto esu2;
> > + }
> > +
> > + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, supply);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > +esu2:
> > + backlight_device_unregister(supply->su1.bl);
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int as3711_backlight_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> > +{
> > + struct as3711_bl_supply *supply = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> > +
> > + backlight_device_unregister(supply->su1.bl);
> > + backlight_device_unregister(supply->su2.bl);
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static struct platform_driver as3711_backlight_driver = {
> > + .driver = {
> > + .name = "as3711-backlight",
> > + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> > + },
> > + .probe = as3711_backlight_probe,
> > + .remove = as3711_backlight_remove,
> > +};
> > +
> > +module_platform_driver(as3711_backlight_driver);
> > +
> > +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Backlight Driver for AS3711 PMICs");
> > +MODULE_AUTHOR("Guennadi Liakhovetski <g.liakhovetski@gmx.de");
> > +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> > +MODULE_ALIAS("platform:as3711-backlight");
> > --
> > 1.7.2.5
> > --
> > To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-fbdev" in
> > the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> > More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
>

---
Guennadi Liakhovetski, Ph.D.
Freelance Open-Source Software Developer
http://www.open-technology.de/

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