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SubjectRe: [RFC] ACPI scan handlers
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On Thu, 2013-01-24 at 01:26 +0100, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> Hi All,
>
> There is a considerable amount of confusion in the ACPI subsystem about what
> ACPI drivers are used for. Namely, some of them are used as "normal" device
> drivers that bind to devices and handle them using ACPI control methods (like
> the fan or battery drivers), but some of them are just used for handling
> namespace events, such as the creation or removal of device nodes (I guess it
> would be fair to call that an abuse of the driver core). These two roles are
> quite distinct, which is particularly visible from the confusion about the role
> of the .remove() callback.
>
> For the "normal" drivers this callback is simply used to handle situations in
> which the driver needs to be unbound from the device, because one of them
> (either the device or the driver) is going away. That operation can't really
> fail, it just needs to do the necessary cleanup.
>
> However, for the namespace events handling "drivers" .remove() means that not
> only the device node in question, but generally also the whole subtree below it
> needs to be prepared for removal, which may involve deleting multiple device
> objects belonging to different bus types and so on and which very well may fail
> (for example, those devices may be used for such things like swap or they may be
> memory banks used by the kernel and it may not be safe to remove them at the
> moment etc.). Moreover, for these things the removal of the "driver" doesn't
> really make sense, because it has to be there to handle the namespace events it
> is designed to handle or else things will go remarkably awry in some places.
>
> To resolve all that mess I'd like to do the following, which in part is inspired
> by the recent Toshi Kani's hotplug framework proposal and in part is based on
> some discussions I had with Bjorn and others (the code references made below are
> based on the current contens of linux-pm.git/linux-next).
>
> 1) Introduce a special data type for "ACPI namespace event handlers" like:
>
> struct acpi_scan_handler {
> const struct acpi_device_id *ids;
> struct list_head list_node;
> int (*attach)(struct acpi_device *adev);
> int (*untie)(struct acpi_device *adev);
> int (*reclaim)(struct acpi_device *adev);
> void (*detach)(struct acpi_device *adev);
> };
>
> an additional ACPI device flag:
>
> struct acpi_device_flags {
> ...
> u32 untied:1;
> ...
> };
>
> and an additioanl field in struc acpi_device:
>
> struct acpi_device {
> ...
> struct acpi_scan_handler *scan_handler;
> ...
> };
>
> (the roles of these things are described below).
>
> 2) Introduce a list of struct acpi_scan_handler objects within the ACPI
> subsystem such that acpi_bus_device_attach() will search that list first and
> if there's a matching object (one whose ids match the device node), it will
> run that object's .attach() callback.
>
> If that returns 1, it will mean that the handler has claimed the device node
> and is now responsible for it until its .detach() callback is run. Thus no
> driver can be bound to that device node and no other handler can claim it.
> Then, the device node's scan_handler field will be set to point to the handler
> that's claimed it and its untied flag will be cleared.
>
> If .attach() returns 0, it will mean that the handler has not recognized the
> device node and some other scan handlers and/or drivers may be tried for it.
>
> If an error code is returned, it will mean a hard error in which case the
> scanning of the namespace will have to be aborted.
>
> This way ACPI drivers will only be bound to device nodes that haven't been
> claimed by any scan handlers.
>
> 3) Introduce an additional function following the format of acpi_bus_trim(),
> say acpi_bus_untie(), that will walk the namespace starting at the given
> device node and execute the .untie() callbacks from the scan handlers of
> all devices as post-order callbacks.
>
> If the .untie() callback for the given device node returns 0, it will mean
> that it is now safe to delete that node as long as its scan handler's
> .detach() callback is executed before the deletion. In that case, the device
> node's untied flag will be set.
>
> Otherwise (i.e. if an error code is returned), it will mean that the scan
> handler has vetoed the untying and the whole operation should be reversed.
> Then, acpi_bus_untie() will walk the namespace again and execute the
> .reclaim() callbacks from the scan handlers of the device nodes whose untied
> flags are set as pre-order callbacks.
>
> If .reclaim() returns 0, the device node's untied flag will be cleared, and
> if an error code is returned, it will remain set.
>
> This will allow us to prepare the subtree below the given device node for
> removal in a reversible way, if needed. Still, though, it will be possible
> to carry out a forcible removal calling acpi_bus_trim() after
> acpi_bus_untie() even if that has returned an error code (or even
> acpi_bus_trim() without acpi_bus_untie()).
>
> 4) Make acpi_bus_device_detach() execute the .detach() callback from the
> scan handler of the device node (if the scan handler is present) and clear
> its scan_handler field along with its untied flag. However, the untied flags
> will only be cleared after executing the .detach() callbacks, so that those
> callbacks can see whether or not the scan handlers have been successfully
> "untied" from the device nodes.
>
> 5) Make acpi_bus_hot_remove_device() (and other pieces of code where that is
> convenient) call acpi_bus_untie() before acpi_bus_trim() and bail out
> cleanly if the untying fails (i.e. is vetoed by one of the scan handlers).
>
> That should take care of the removal problem nicely and as far as I can say
> the majority of the ACPI drivers used only for handling namespace events can
> be readily converted to struct acpi_scan_handler objects.
>
> I wonder if anyone is seeing any major problems with this at the high level.

I agree that the current model is mess. As shown below, it requires
that .add() at boot-time only performs acpi dev init, and .add() at
hot-add needs both acpi dev init and device on-lining. It then
requires .remove() to perform both off-lining and acpi dev
delete. .remove() must succeed, but off-lining can fail.

acpi dev online
|========|=========|

add @ boot
-------->
add @ hot-add
------------------>
<------------------
remove

Your proposal seems to introduce the following new model. If so, I do
not think it addresses all the issues. .attach() still needs to behave
differently between boot and hot-add. The model is also asymmetric
since the destructor of .attach() at hot-add is the combination
of .detach() and .untie().
.
attach @ boot
-------->
attach @ hot-add
----------------->
detach untie
<-------<---------
--------->
reclaim

I believe device on-lining and off-lining steps should not be performed
in .add() and .remove(). With this clarification, the current .add()
& .remove() model works fine as follows. That is, .add() only performs
acpi dev init, and .remove() only perform acpi dev delete (which is same
as your .detach()). My system device hot-plug framework is designed to
work with this model.

add
-------->
<--------
remove


Thanks,
-Toshi








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