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Subject[PATCH v7 00/18] perf: add memory access sampling support
This patch series had a new feature to the kernel perf_events
interface and corresponding user level tool, perf.

With this patch, it is possible to sample (not trace) memory
accesses (load, store). For loads, the instruction and data
addresses are captured along with the latency and data source.
For stores, the instruction and data addresses are capture
along with limited cache and TLB information.

For load data source, the memory hierarchy level, the tlb, snoop
and lock information is captured.

Although the perf_event interface is extended in a generic manner,
sampling memory accesses requires HW support. The current patches
implement the feature on Intel processors starting with Nehalem.
The patches leverage the PEBS Load Latency and Precise Store
mechanisms. Precise Store is present only on Sandy Bridge and
Ivy Bridge based processors.

The perf tool is extended to make capturing and analyzing the
data easier with a new command: perf mem.

$ perf mem -t load rec triad
$ perf mem -t load rep --stdio
# Samples: 19K of event 'cpu/mem-loads/pp'
# Total weight: 1013994
# Sort order : local_weight,mem,sym,dso,symbol_daddr,dso_daddr,snoop,tlb,locked
# Overhead Samples Local Weight Memory access Symbol Shared Obj Data Symbol Data Object Snoop TLB access Locked
# ........ ......... ............ ............. .......... ........... ...................... ........... ...... ............ ......

0.10% 1 986 LFB hit [.] triad triad [.] 0x00007f67dffe8038 [unknown] None L1 or L2 hit No
0.09% 1 890 LFB hit [.] triad triad [.] 0x00007f67df91a750 [unknown] None L1 or L2 hit No
0.08% 1 826 LFB hit [.] triad triad [.] 0x00007f67e288fba8 [unknown] None L1 or L2 hit No
0.08% 1 825 LFB hit [.] triad triad [.] 0x00007f67dea28c80 [unknown] None L1 or L2 hit No
0.08% 1 787 LFB hit [.] triad triad [.] 0x00007f67df055a60 [unknown] None L1 or L2 hit No

The perf mem command is a wrapper around perf record/report. It passes the
right options to the report and record commands. Note that the TUI mode is
supported. Overhead is relative to total cost, which is sum of the weights
of each sample.

One powerful feature of perf is that users can toy with the sort order to display
the information in different formats or from a different angle. This is particularly
useful with memory sampling:

$ perf mem -t load rep --sort=mem
# Samples: 19K of event 'cpu/mem-loads/pp'
# Total weight: 1013994
# Sort order : mem
# Overhead Samples Memory access
# ........ ........... ........................
85.26% 10633 LFB hit
7.35% 8151 L1 hit
3.13% 383 L3 hit
3.09% 195 Local RAM hit
1.16% 259 L2 hit
0.00% 4 Uncached hit

Or if one is interested in the data view:
$ perf mem -t load rep --sort=symbol_daddr,local_weight
# Samples: 19K of event 'cpu/mem-loads/pp'
# Total cost : 1013994
# Sort order : symbol_daddr,cost
# Overhead Samples Data Symbol Local Weight
# ........ ........... ...................... ............
0.10% 1 [.] 0x00007f67dffe8038 986
0.09% 1 [.] 0x00007f67df91a750 890
0.08% 1 [.] 0x00007f67e288fba8 826

One note on the weight (cost) displayed: On Intel processors with PEBS Load Latency, as
described in the SDM, the cost encompasses the number of cycles from dispatch to Globally
Observable (GO) state. That means, that it includes OOO execution. It is not usual to see
L1D Hits with a cost of > 100 cycles. Always look at the memory level for an approximation
of the access penalty, then interpret the cost value accordingly.

Data symbolization is working for initialized global variables. Dynamically allocated
data and bss symbolization is currently non-functional.

There is no weight associated with stores.

In v2, we leverage some of Andi Kleen's Haswell patches, namely the weighted
samples and perf tool event parser fixes. We also introduce PERF_RECORD_MISC_DATA_MMAP
to tag mmaps for data vs. code. This helps the perf tool distinguish data. vs. code
mmaps (and therefore symbols). We have also integrated the feedback from v1. Note that in
v2 data symbol resolution is not yet fully operational, but there is a slight improvement.

In v3, we rebased the patch on 3.7.0-rc6 which includes certain of Nahyung's patches.

In v4, we rebase to v3.7 tip and also included the fixes from Namhyung Kim for
symbolization of data addresses. We now have accesses to global variables working.

In v5, we rebase to 3.8.0-rc1. We also updated the WEIGHT patches from Andi to
fix a couple of issues. Integrated the feedback from jolsa@.
Reintegrated the man page.

In v6, we rebased to 3.8.0-rc3 and fixed the issue reported by jolsa@ related
to hist_entry->mem_info maps not being marked as referenced.

In v7, we rebased on 3.8.0-rc4 and also merged in more patches from Andi's
HSW series. We now use his weigthened sample support completely.

Signed-off-by: Stephane Eranian <>

Andi Kleen (3):
perf, x86: Support CPU specific sysfs events
perf, core: Add a concept of a weightened sample v2
perf, tools: Add support for weight v7 (modified)

Namhyung Kim (2):
perf tools: Ignore ABS symbols when loading data maps
perf tools: Fix output of symbol_daddr offset

Stephane Eranian (13):
perf/x86: improve sysfs event mapping with event string
perf/x86: add flags to event constraints
perf: add support for PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR in dump_sampple()
perf: add generic memory sampling interface
perf/x86: add memory profiling via PEBS Load Latency
perf/x86: export PEBS load latency threshold register to sysfs
perf/x86: add support for PEBS Precise Store
perf tools: add mem access sampling core support
perf report: add support for mem access profiling
perf record: add support for mem access profiling
perf tools: add new mem command for memory access profiling
perf tools: detect data vs. text mappings

arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h | 1 +
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c | 67 +++--
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h | 62 ++++-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c | 35 ++-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_ds.c | 182 ++++++++++++-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel_uncore.c | 2 +-
include/linux/perf_event.h | 5 +
include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h | 71 ++++-
kernel/events/core.c | 15 ++
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-mem.txt | 48 ++++
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt | 6 +
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-report.txt | 2 +-
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-top.txt | 2 +-
tools/perf/Makefile | 1 +
tools/perf/builtin-annotate.c | 2 +-
tools/perf/builtin-diff.c | 7 +-
tools/perf/builtin-mem.c | 242 +++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/builtin-record.c | 2 +
tools/perf/builtin-report.c | 145 ++++++++++-
tools/perf/builtin-top.c | 5 +-
tools/perf/builtin.h | 1 +
tools/perf/command-list.txt | 1 +
tools/perf/perf.c | 1 +
tools/perf/perf.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/event.h | 2 +
tools/perf/util/evsel.c | 19 ++
tools/perf/util/hist.c | 101 +++++++-
tools/perf/util/hist.h | 21 +-
tools/perf/util/machine.c | 10 +-
tools/perf/util/session.c | 44 ++++
tools/perf/util/session.h | 4 +
tools/perf/util/sort.c | 346 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-
tools/perf/util/sort.h | 12 +-
tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c | 3 +
tools/perf/util/symbol.h | 6 +
35 files changed, 1406 insertions(+), 68 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 tools/perf/Documentation/perf-mem.txt
create mode 100644 tools/perf/builtin-mem.c


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