[lkml]   [2013]   [Jan]   [22]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
SubjectRe: [PATCH 5/5] fix kvm's use of __pa() on percpu areas
On Tue, Jan 22, 2013 at 01:24:35PM -0800, Dave Hansen wrote:
> In short, it is illegal to call __pa() on an address holding
> a percpu variable. This replaces those __pa() calls with
> slow_virt_to_phys(). All of the cases in this patch are
> in boot time (or CPU hotplug time at worst) code, so the
> slow pagetable walking in slow_virt_to_phys() is not expected
> to have a performance impact.
> The times when this actually matters are pretty obscure
> (certain 32-bit NUMA systems), but it _does_ happen. It is
> important to keep KVM guests working on these systems because
> the real hardware is getting harder and harder to find.
> This bug manifested first by me seeing a plain hang at boot
> after this message:
> CPU 0 irqstacks, hard=f3018000 soft=f301a000
> or, sometimes, it would actually make it out to the console:
> [ 0.000000] BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffffffff
> I eventually traced it down to the KVM async pagefault code.
> This can be worked around by disabling that code either at
> compile-time, or on the kernel command-line.
> The kvm async pagefault code was injecting page faults in
> to the guest which the guest misinterpreted because its
> "reason" was not being properly sent from the host.
> The guest passes a physical address of an per-cpu async page
> fault structure via an MSR to the host. Since __pa() is
> broken on percpu data, the physical address it sent was
> bascially bogus and the host went scribbling on random data.
> The guest never saw the real reason for the page fault (it
> was injected by the host), assumed that the kernel had taken
> a _real_ page fault, and panic()'d. The behavior varied,
> though, depending on what got corrupted by the bad write.
> Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <>
> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <>
> ---
> linux-2.6.git-dave/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c | 9 +++++----
> linux-2.6.git-dave/arch/x86/kernel/kvmclock.c | 4 ++--
> 2 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

Reviewed-by: Marcelo Tosatti <>

 \ /
  Last update: 2013-01-23 02:02    [W:0.101 / U:5.752 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site