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SubjectRe: [PATCH 5/6] OF: Introduce Device Tree resolve support.
On Fri, Jan 04, 2013 at 09:31:09PM +0200, Pantelis Antoniou wrote:
> Introduce support for dynamic device tree resolution.
> Using it, it is possible to prepare a device tree that's
> been loaded on runtime to be modified and inserted at the kernel
> live tree.
>
> Signed-off-by: Pantelis Antoniou <panto@antoniou-consulting.com>
> ---
> .../devicetree/dynamic-resolution-notes.txt | 25 ++
> drivers/of/Kconfig | 9 +
> drivers/of/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/of/resolver.c | 394 +++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/of.h | 17 +
> 5 files changed, 446 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/dynamic-resolution-notes.txt
> create mode 100644 drivers/of/resolver.c
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/dynamic-resolution-notes.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/dynamic-resolution-notes.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..0b396c4
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/dynamic-resolution-notes.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
> +Device Tree Dynamic Resolver Notes
> +----------------------------------
> +
> +This document describes the implementation of the in-kernel
> +Device Tree resolver, residing in drivers/of/resolver.c and is a
> +companion document to Documentation/devicetree/dt-object-internal.txt[1]
> +
> +How the resolver works
> +----------------------
> +
> +The resolver is given as an input an arbitrary tree compiled with the
> +proper dtc option and having a /plugin/ tag. This generates the
> +appropriate __fixups__ & __local_fixups__ nodes as described in [1].
> +
> +In sequence the resolver works by the following steps:
> +
> +1. Get the maximum device tree phandle value from the live tree + 1.
> +2. Adjust all the local phandles of the tree to resolve by that amount.
> +3. Using the __local__fixups__ node information adjust all local references
> + by the same amount.
> +4. For each property in the __fixups__ node locate the node it references
> + in the live tree. This is the label used to tag the node.
> +5. Retrieve the phandle of the target of the fixup.
> +5. For each fixup in the property locate the node:property:offset location
> + and replace it with the phandle value.

Hrm. So, I'm really still not convinced by this approach.

First, I think it's unwise to allow overlays to change
essentially anything in the base tree, rather than having the base
tree define sockets of some sort where things can be attached.

Second, even allowing overlays to change anything, I don't see
a lot of reason to do this kind of resolution within the kernel and
with data stored in the dtb itself, rather than doing the resolution
in userspace from an annotated overlay dts or dtb, then inserting the
fully resolved product into the kernel. In either case, the overlay
needs to be constructed with pretty intimate knowledge of the base
tree.

That said, I have some implementation comments below.

[snip]
> +/**
> + * Find a subtree's maximum phandle value.
> + */
> +static phandle __of_get_tree_max_phandle(struct device_node *node,
> + phandle max_phandle)
> +{
> + struct device_node *child;
> +
> + if (node->phandle != 0 && node->phandle != OF_PHANDLE_ILLEGAL &&
> + node->phandle > max_phandle)
> + max_phandle = node->phandle;
> +
> + __for_each_child_of_node(node, child)
> + max_phandle = __of_get_tree_max_phandle(child, max_phandle);

Recursion is best avoided given the kernel's limited stack space.
This is also trivial to implement non-recursively, using the allnext
pointer.

> +
> + return max_phandle;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * Find live tree's maximum phandle value.
> + */
> +static phandle of_get_tree_max_phandle(void)
> +{
> + struct device_node *node;
> + phandle phandle;
> +
> + /* get root node */
> + node = of_find_node_by_path("/");
> + if (node == NULL)
> + return OF_PHANDLE_ILLEGAL;
> +
> + /* now search recursively */
> + read_lock(&devtree_lock);
> + phandle = __of_get_tree_max_phandle(node, 0);
> + read_unlock(&devtree_lock);
> +
> + of_node_put(node);
> +
> + return phandle;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * Adjust a subtree's phandle values by a given delta.
> + * Makes sure not to just adjust the device node's phandle value,
> + * but modify the phandle properties values as well.
> + */
> +static void __of_adjust_tree_phandles(struct device_node *node,
> + int phandle_delta)
> +{
> + struct device_node *child;
> + struct property *prop;
> + phandle phandle;
> +
> + /* first adjust the node's phandle direct value */
> + if (node->phandle != 0 && node->phandle != OF_PHANDLE_ILLEGAL)
> + node->phandle += phandle_delta;

You need to have some kind of check for overflow here, or the adjusted
phandle could be one of the illegal values (0 or -1) - or wrap around
and colllide with existing phandle values in the base tree. dtc
(currently) allocates phandles from the bottom, but there's no
guarantee that a base tree will only have low phandle values - it only
takes one node with phandle set to 0xfffffffe in the base tree to have
this function make a mess of things.


> + /* now adjust phandle & linux,phandle values */
> + for_each_property_of_node(node, prop) {
> +
> + /* only look for these two */
> + if (of_prop_cmp(prop->name, "phandle") != 0 &&
> + of_prop_cmp(prop->name, "linux,phandle") != 0)
> + continue;
> +
> + /* must be big enough */
> + if (prop->length < 4)
> + continue;

If prop->length != 4 (including > 4) something is pretty wrong, and
you should probably bail with an error message.

> +
> + /* read phandle value */
> + phandle = be32_to_cpu(*(uint32_t *)prop->value);
> + if (phandle == OF_PHANDLE_ILLEGAL) /* unresolved */
> + continue;
> +
> + /* adjust */
> + *(uint32_t *)prop->value = cpu_to_be32(node->phandle);
> + }
> +
> + /* now do the children recursively */
> + __for_each_child_of_node(node, child)
> + __of_adjust_tree_phandles(child, phandle_delta);

Again, recursion is not a good idea.

> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * Adjust the local phandle references by the given phandle delta.
> + * Assumes the existances of a __local_fixups__ node at the root
> + * of the tree. Does not take any devtree locks so make sure you
> + * call this on a tree which is at the detached state.
> + */
> +static int __of_adjust_tree_phandle_references(struct device_node *node,
> + int phandle_delta)
> +{
> + phandle phandle;
> + struct device_node *refnode, *child;
> + struct property *rprop, *sprop;
> + char *propval, *propcur, *propend, *nodestr, *propstr, *s;
> + int offset, propcurlen;
> + int err;
> +
> + /* locate the symbols & fixups nodes on resolve */
> + __for_each_child_of_node(node, child)
> + if (of_node_cmp(child->name, "__local_fixups__") == 0)
> + break;
> +
> + /* no local fixups */
> + if (child == NULL)
> + return 0;
> +
> + /* find the local fixups property */
> + for_each_property_of_node(child, rprop) {
> +
> + /* skip properties added automatically */
> + if (of_prop_cmp(rprop->name, "name") == 0)
> + continue;

Ok, so you're interpreting any property except name in the
__local_fixups__ node in exactly the same way? That's a bit strange.
Why not just have a single property rather than a node's worth in that
case.

> + /* make a copy */
> + propval = kmalloc(rprop->length, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (propval == NULL) {
> + pr_err("%s: Could not copy value of '%s'\n",
> + __func__, rprop->name);
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> + memcpy(propval, rprop->value, rprop->length);
> +
> + propend = propval + rprop->length;
> + for (propcur = propval; propcur < propend;
> + propcur += propcurlen + 1) {
> +
> + propcurlen = strlen(propcur);
> +
> + nodestr = propcur;
> + s = strchr(propcur, ':');

So, using strings with separators like this doesn't sit will with
existing device tree practice. More similar to existing things would
have NUL separators and the integer values in binary, rather than
text (and yes, there is precedent for mixed string and integer content
in properties).


> + if (s == NULL) {
> + pr_err("%s: Illegal symbol entry '%s' (1)\n",
> + __func__, propcur);
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + goto err_fail;
> + }
> + *s++ = '\0';

And using the separators you do leads to this rather ugly copy then
mangle-in-place approach to parsing.

> + propstr = s;
> + s = strchr(s, ':');
> + if (s == NULL) {
> + pr_err("%s: Illegal symbol entry '%s' (2)\n",
> + __func__, (char *)rprop->value);
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + goto err_fail;
> + }
> +
> + *s++ = '\0';
> + offset = simple_strtoul(s, NULL, 10);
> +
> + /* look into the resolve node for the full path */
> + refnode = __of_find_node_by_full_name(node, nodestr);
> + if (refnode == NULL) {
> + pr_warn("%s: Could not find refnode '%s'\n",
> + __func__, (char *)rprop->value);
> + continue;
> + }
> +
> + /* now find the property */
> + for_each_property_of_node(refnode, sprop) {
> + if (of_prop_cmp(sprop->name, propstr) == 0)
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + if (sprop == NULL) {
> + pr_err("%s: Could not find property '%s'\n",
> + __func__, (char *)rprop->value);
> + err = -ENOENT;
> + goto err_fail;
> + }
> +
> + phandle = be32_to_cpu(*(uint32_t *)
> + (sprop->value + offset));
> + *(uint32_t *)(sprop->value + offset) =
> + cpu_to_be32(phandle + phandle_delta);
> + }
> +
> + kfree(propval);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +err_fail:
> + kfree(propval);
> + return err;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * of_resolve - Resolve the given node against the live tree.
> + *
> + * @resolve: Node to resolve
> + *
> + * Perform dynamic Device Tree resolution against the live tree
> + * to the given node to resolve. This depends on the live tree
> + * having a __symbols__ node, and the resolve node the __fixups__ &
> + * __local_fixups__ nodes (if needed).
> + * The result of the operation is a resolve node that it's contents
> + * are fit to be inserted or operate upon the live tree.
> + * Returns 0 on success or a negative error value on error.
> + */
> +int of_resolve(struct device_node *resolve)
> +{
> + struct device_node *child, *refnode;
> + struct device_node *root_sym, *resolve_sym, *resolve_fix;
> + struct property *rprop, *sprop;
> + const char *refpath;
> + char *propval, *propcur, *propend, *nodestr, *propstr, *s;
> + int offset, propcurlen;
> + phandle phandle, phandle_delta;
> + int err;
> +
> + /* the resolve node must exist, and be detached */
> + if (resolve == NULL ||
> + !of_node_check_flag(resolve, OF_DETACHED)) {
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + /* first we need to adjust the phandles */
> + phandle_delta = of_get_tree_max_phandle() + 1;
> + __of_adjust_tree_phandles(resolve, phandle_delta);
> + err = __of_adjust_tree_phandle_references(resolve, phandle_delta);
> + if (err != 0)
> + return err;
> +
> + root_sym = NULL;
> + resolve_sym = NULL;
> + resolve_fix = NULL;
> +
> + /* this may fail (if no fixups are required) */
> + root_sym = of_find_node_by_path("/__symbols__");
> +
> + /* locate the symbols & fixups nodes on resolve */
> + __for_each_child_of_node(resolve, child) {
> +
> + if (resolve_sym == NULL &&

No need for the NULL check. If there are duplicate node names, you've
already got big trouble, and picking the last matching will do no
worse than picking the first matching.

> + of_node_cmp(child->name, "__symbols__") == 0)
> + resolve_sym = child;
> +
> + if (resolve_fix == NULL &&
> + of_node_cmp(child->name, "__fixups__") == 0)
> + resolve_fix = child;
> +
> + /* both found, don't bother anymore */
> + if (resolve_sym != NULL && resolve_fix != NULL)
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + /* we do allow for the case where no fixups are needed */
> + if (resolve_fix == NULL)
> + goto merge_sym;

Hrm. I'm not convinced that's one of the kernel-allowed forms of
goto.

> +
> + /* we need to fixup, but no root symbols... */
> + if (root_sym == NULL)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + for_each_property_of_node(resolve_fix, rprop) {
> +
> + /* skip properties added automatically */
> + if (of_prop_cmp(rprop->name, "name") == 0)
> + continue;
> +
> + err = of_property_read_string(root_sym,
> + rprop->name, &refpath);
> + if (err != 0) {
> + pr_err("%s: Could not find symbol '%s'\n",
> + __func__, rprop->name);
> + goto err_fail;
> + }
> +
> + refnode = of_find_node_by_path(refpath);
> + if (refnode == NULL) {
> + pr_err("%s: Could not find node by path '%s'\n",
> + __func__, refpath);
> + err = -ENOENT;
> + goto err_fail;
> + }
> +
> + phandle = refnode->phandle;
> + of_node_put(refnode);
> +
> + pr_debug("%s: %s phandle is 0x%08x\n",
> + __func__, rprop->name, phandle);
> +
> + /* make a copy */
> + propval = kmalloc(rprop->length, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (propval == NULL) {
> + pr_err("%s: Could not copy value of '%s'\n",
> + __func__, rprop->name);
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + goto err_fail;
> + }
> +
> + memcpy(propval, rprop->value, rprop->length);
> +
> + propend = propval + rprop->length;
> + for (propcur = propval; propcur < propend;
> + propcur += propcurlen + 1) {
> + propcurlen = strlen(propcur);
> +
> + nodestr = propcur;
> + s = strchr(propcur, ':');
> + if (s == NULL) {
> + pr_err("%s: Illegal symbol "
> + "entry '%s' (1)\n",
> + __func__, (char *)rprop->value);
> + kfree(propval);
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + goto err_fail;
> + }
> + *s++ = '\0';
> +
> + propstr = s;
> + s = strchr(s, ':');
> + if (s == NULL) {
> + pr_err("%s: Illegal symbol "
> + "entry '%s' (2)\n",
> + __func__, (char *)rprop->value);
> + kfree(propval);
> + err = -EINVAL;
> + goto err_fail;
> + }
> +
> + *s++ = '\0';
> + offset = simple_strtoul(s, NULL, 10);
> +
> + /* look into the resolve node for the full path */
> + refnode = __of_find_node_by_full_name(resolve,
> + nodestr);

Re-using the 'refnode' variable here is pretty confusing, since it
means very different things earlier and here (node pointed to, versus
node containing the property which points).

> + if (refnode == NULL) {
> + pr_err("%s: Could not find refnode '%s'\n",
> + __func__, (char *)rprop->value);
> + kfree(propval);
> + err = -ENOENT;
> + goto err_fail;
> + }
> +
> + /* now find the property */
> + for_each_property_of_node(refnode, sprop) {
> + if (of_prop_cmp(sprop->name, propstr) == 0)
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + if (sprop == NULL) {
> + pr_err("%s: Could not find property '%s'\n",
> + __func__, (char *)rprop->value);
> + kfree(propval);
> + err = -ENOENT;
> + goto err_fail;
> + }
> +
> + *(uint32_t *)(sprop->value + offset) =
> + cpu_to_be32(phandle);
> + }
> +
> + kfree(propval);
> + }
> +
> +merge_sym:
> +
> + of_node_put(root_sym);
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +err_fail:
> +
> + if (root_sym != NULL)
> + of_node_put(root_sym);
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> diff --git a/include/linux/of.h b/include/linux/of.h
> index c38e41a..ab52243 100644
> --- a/include/linux/of.h
> +++ b/include/linux/of.h
> @@ -650,4 +650,21 @@ static inline int of_multi_prop_cmp(const struct property *prop, const char *val
>
> #endif /* !CONFIG_OF */
>
> +
> +/* illegal phandle value (set when unresolved) */
> +#define OF_PHANDLE_ILLEGAL 0xdeadbeef

Ugh. 0 and -1 are already reserved as illegal phandle values, don't
invent a new one.

> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_OF_RESOLVE
> +
> +int of_resolve(struct device_node *resolve);
> +
> +#else
> +
> +static inline int of_resolve(struct device_node *resolve)
> +{
> + return -ENOTSUPP;
> +}
> +
> +#endif
> +
> #endif /* _LINUX_OF_H */

--
David Gibson | I'll have my music baroque, and my code
david AT gibson.dropbear.id.au | minimalist, thank you. NOT _the_ _other_
| _way_ _around_!
http://www.ozlabs.org/~dgibson[unhandled content-type:application/pgp-signature]
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