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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] mm: forcely swapout when we are out of page cache
Hi Andrew,

On Thu, Jan 10, 2013 at 01:58:28PM -0800, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Thu, 10 Jan 2013 11:23:06 +0900
> Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> > > I have a feeling that laptop mode has bitrotted and these patches are
> > > kinda hacking around as-yet-not-understood failures...
> >
> > Absolutely, this patch is last guard for unexpectable behavior.
> > As I mentioned in cover-letter, Luigi's problem could be solved either [1/2]
> > or [2/2] but I wanted to add this as last resort in case of unexpected
> > emergency. But you're right. It's not good to hide the problem like this path
> > so let's drop [2/2].
> >
> > Also, I absolutely agree it has bitrotted so for correcting it, we need a
> > volunteer who have to inverstigate power saveing experiment with long time.
> > So [1/2] would be band-aid until that.
>
> I'm inclined to hold off on 1/2 as well, really.

Then, what's your plan?

It's real bug since f80c067[mm: zone_reclaim: make isolate_lru_page() filter-aware]
was introduced. Some portable device could use laptop_mode to save batter power.
AFAIK, the usecase was trial of ChromeOS and Luigi reported this problem although
they decided to disable laptop_mode due to other reason which laptop_mode burns out
power for a very long time in their some workload.

Another problem of laptop_mode isn't aware of in-memory swap, like zram.
So unconditionally, prevent to swap out. :( Yeb. it's another story to be fixed.

If you hate this version, how about this?
This version does following as.

1. get_scan_count forces only file-backed pages reclaiming if may_writepage is false.
It prevents unnecessary CPU consumption and LRU churing with anon pages.
2. If memory reclaim suffers(ie, below DEF_PRIORITY - 2), may_writepage would be true
in only direct reclaim path.

diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 73b64a3..695b907 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -550,6 +550,8 @@ static inline int zone_is_oom_locked(const struct zone *zone)
*/
#define DEF_PRIORITY 12

+#define HARD_TO_RECLAIM_PRIO (DEF_PRIORITY - 2)
+
/* Maximum number of zones on a zonelist */
#define MAX_ZONES_PER_ZONELIST (MAX_NUMNODES * MAX_NR_ZONES)

diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index ff869d2..4c63bda 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -814,7 +814,7 @@ static unsigned long shrink_page_list(struct list_head *page_list,
*/
if (page_is_file_cache(page) &&
(!current_is_kswapd() ||
- sc->priority >= DEF_PRIORITY - 2)) {
+ sc->priority >= HARD_TO_RECLAIM_PRIO)) {
/*
* Immediately reclaim when written back.
* Similar in principal to deactivate_page()
@@ -1683,8 +1683,11 @@ static void get_scan_count(struct lruvec *lruvec, struct scan_control *sc,
if (!global_reclaim(sc))
force_scan = true;

- /* If we have no swap space, do not bother scanning anon pages. */
- if (!sc->may_swap || (nr_swap_pages <= 0)) {
+ /*
+ * If we have no swap space or may_writepage is false,
+ * do not bother scanning anon pages.
+ */
+ if (!sc->may_swap || !sc->may_writepage || (nr_swap_pages <= 0)) {
scan_balance = SCAN_FILE;
goto out;
}
@@ -1879,7 +1882,7 @@ static bool in_reclaim_compaction(struct scan_control *sc)
{
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_COMPACTION) && sc->order &&
(sc->order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER ||
- sc->priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2))
+ sc->priority < HARD_TO_RECLAIM_PRIO))
return true;

return false;
@@ -2215,9 +2218,16 @@ static unsigned long do_try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
sc->may_writepage = 1;
}

+ /*
+ * This is a safety belt to prevent OOM kill through reclaiming
+ * pages with sacrificing the power.
+ */
+ if (sc->priority < HARD_TO_RECLAIM_PRIO)
+ sc->may_writepage = 1;
+
/* Take a nap, wait for some writeback to complete */
if (!sc->hibernation_mode && sc->nr_scanned &&
- sc->priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2) {
+ sc->priority < HARD_TO_RECLAIM_PRIO) {
struct zone *preferred_zone;

first_zones_zonelist(zonelist, gfp_zone(sc->gfp_mask),
@@ -2824,7 +2834,7 @@ loop_again:
* OK, kswapd is getting into trouble. Take a nap, then take
* another pass across the zones.
*/
- if (total_scanned && (sc.priority < DEF_PRIORITY - 2)) {
+ if (total_scanned && (sc.priority < HARD_TO_RECLAIM_PRIO)) {
if (has_under_min_watermark_zone)
count_vm_event(KSWAPD_SKIP_CONGESTION_WAIT);
else if (unbalanced_zone)
>
> The point of laptop_mode isn't to save power btw - it is to minimise
> the frequency with which the disk drive is spun up. By deferring and
> then batching writeout operations, basically.

I don't get it. Why should we minimise such frequency?
It's for saving the power to increase batter life.
As I real all document about laptop_mode, they all said about the power
or battery life saving.

1. Documentation/laptops/laptop-mode.txt
2. http://linux.die.net/man/8/laptop_mode
3. http://samwel.tk/laptop_mode/
3. http://www.thinkwiki.org/wiki/Laptop-mode
>
> --
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--
Kind regards,
Minchan Kim


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