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Subject[PATCH v3 25/44] metag: System Calls
Date
Add metag system call and gateway page interfaces. The metag
architecture port uses the generic system call numbers from
asm-generic/unistd.h, as well as a user gateway page mapped at
0x6ffff000 which contains fast atomic primitives (depending on SMP) and
a fast method of accessing TLS data.

System calls use the SWITCH instruction with the immediate 0x440001 to
signal a system call.

Signed-off-by: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com>
---
arch/metag/include/asm/mman.h | 11 ++
arch/metag/include/asm/syscall.h | 104 +++++++++++++++++++
arch/metag/include/asm/syscalls.h | 39 +++++++
arch/metag/include/asm/unistd.h | 12 ++
arch/metag/include/asm/user_gateway.h | 44 ++++++++
arch/metag/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h | 21 ++++
arch/metag/kernel/sys_metag.c | 181 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/metag/kernel/user_gateway.S | 97 ++++++++++++++++++
8 files changed, 509 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/metag/include/asm/mman.h
create mode 100644 arch/metag/include/asm/syscall.h
create mode 100644 arch/metag/include/asm/syscalls.h
create mode 100644 arch/metag/include/asm/unistd.h
create mode 100644 arch/metag/include/asm/user_gateway.h
create mode 100644 arch/metag/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h
create mode 100644 arch/metag/kernel/sys_metag.c
create mode 100644 arch/metag/kernel/user_gateway.S

diff --git a/arch/metag/include/asm/mman.h b/arch/metag/include/asm/mman.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..17999db
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/metag/include/asm/mman.h
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
+#ifndef __METAG_MMAN_H__
+#define __METAG_MMAN_H__
+
+#include <uapi/asm/mman.h>
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+#define arch_mmap_check metag_mmap_check
+int metag_mmap_check(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
+ unsigned long flags);
+#endif
+#endif /* __METAG_MMAN_H__ */
diff --git a/arch/metag/include/asm/syscall.h b/arch/metag/include/asm/syscall.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..24fc979
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/metag/include/asm/syscall.h
@@ -0,0 +1,104 @@
+/*
+ * Access to user system call parameters and results
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Imagination Technologies Ltd.
+ *
+ * This copyrighted material is made available to anyone wishing to use,
+ * modify, copy, or redistribute it subject to the terms and conditions
+ * of the GNU General Public License v.2.
+ *
+ * See asm-generic/syscall.h for descriptions of what we must do here.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_METAG_SYSCALL_H
+#define _ASM_METAG_SYSCALL_H
+
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+
+#include <asm/switch.h>
+
+static inline long syscall_get_nr(struct task_struct *task,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ unsigned long insn;
+
+ /*
+ * FIXME there's no way to find out how we got here other than to
+ * examine the memory at the PC to see if it is a syscall
+ * SWITCH instruction.
+ */
+ if (get_user(insn, (unsigned long *)(regs->ctx.CurrPC - 4)))
+ return -1;
+
+ if (insn == __METAG_SW_ENCODING(SYS))
+ return regs->ctx.DX[0].U1;
+ else
+ return -1L;
+}
+
+static inline void syscall_rollback(struct task_struct *task,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ /* do nothing */
+}
+
+static inline long syscall_get_error(struct task_struct *task,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ unsigned long error = regs->ctx.DX[0].U0;
+ return IS_ERR_VALUE(error) ? error : 0;
+}
+
+static inline long syscall_get_return_value(struct task_struct *task,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ return regs->ctx.DX[0].U0;
+}
+
+static inline void syscall_set_return_value(struct task_struct *task,
+ struct pt_regs *regs,
+ int error, long val)
+{
+ regs->ctx.DX[0].U0 = (long) error ?: val;
+}
+
+static inline void syscall_get_arguments(struct task_struct *task,
+ struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned int i, unsigned int n,
+ unsigned long *args)
+{
+ unsigned int reg, j;
+ BUG_ON(i + n > 6);
+
+ for (j = i, reg = 6 - i; j < (i + n); j++, reg--) {
+ if (reg % 2)
+ args[j] = regs->ctx.DX[(reg + 1) / 2].U0;
+ else
+ args[j] = regs->ctx.DX[reg / 2].U1;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void syscall_set_arguments(struct task_struct *task,
+ struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned int i, unsigned int n,
+ const unsigned long *args)
+{
+ unsigned int reg;
+ BUG_ON(i + n > 6);
+
+ for (reg = 6 - i; i < (i + n); i++, reg--) {
+ if (reg % 2)
+ regs->ctx.DX[(reg + 1) / 2].U0 = args[i];
+ else
+ regs->ctx.DX[reg / 2].U1 = args[i];
+ }
+}
+
+#define NR_syscalls __NR_syscalls
+
+/* generic syscall table */
+extern const void *sys_call_table[];
+
+#endif /* _ASM_METAG_SYSCALL_H */
diff --git a/arch/metag/include/asm/syscalls.h b/arch/metag/include/asm/syscalls.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a02b955
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/metag/include/asm/syscalls.h
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_METAG_SYSCALLS_H
+#define _ASM_METAG_SYSCALLS_H
+
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/signal.h>
+
+/* kernel/signal.c */
+#define sys_rt_sigreturn sys_rt_sigreturn
+asmlinkage long sys_rt_sigreturn(void);
+
+#include <asm-generic/syscalls.h>
+
+/* kernel/sys_metag.c */
+asmlinkage int sys_metag_setglobalbit(char __user *, int);
+asmlinkage void sys_metag_set_fpu_flags(unsigned int);
+asmlinkage int sys_metag_set_tls(void __user *);
+asmlinkage void *sys_metag_get_tls(void);
+
+asmlinkage long sys_truncate64_metag(const char __user *, unsigned long,
+ unsigned long);
+asmlinkage long sys_ftruncate64_metag(unsigned int, unsigned long,
+ unsigned long);
+asmlinkage long sys_fadvise64_64_metag(int, unsigned long, unsigned long,
+ unsigned long, unsigned long, int);
+asmlinkage long sys_readahead_metag(int, unsigned long, unsigned long, size_t);
+asmlinkage ssize_t sys_pread64_metag(unsigned long, char __user *, size_t,
+ unsigned long, unsigned long);
+asmlinkage ssize_t sys_pwrite64_metag(unsigned long, char __user *, size_t,
+ unsigned long, unsigned long);
+asmlinkage long sys_sync_file_range_metag(int, unsigned long, unsigned long,
+ unsigned long, unsigned long,
+ unsigned int);
+
+int do_work_pending(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int thread_flags,
+ int syscall);
+
+#endif /* _ASM_METAG_SYSCALLS_H */
diff --git a/arch/metag/include/asm/unistd.h b/arch/metag/include/asm/unistd.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..32955a1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/metag/include/asm/unistd.h
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Imagination Technologies Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <uapi/asm/unistd.h>
+
+#define __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE
diff --git a/arch/metag/include/asm/user_gateway.h b/arch/metag/include/asm/user_gateway.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e404c09
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/metag/include/asm/user_gateway.h
@@ -0,0 +1,44 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Imagination Technologies
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_METAG_USER_GATEWAY_H
+#define __ASM_METAG_USER_GATEWAY_H
+
+#include <asm/page.h>
+
+/* Page of kernel code accessible to userspace. */
+#define USER_GATEWAY_PAGE 0x6ffff000
+/* Offset of TLS pointer array in gateway page. */
+#define USER_GATEWAY_TLS 0x100
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+extern char __user_gateway_start;
+extern char __user_gateway_end;
+
+/* Kernel mapping of the gateway page. */
+extern void *gateway_page;
+
+static inline void set_gateway_tls(void __user *tls_ptr)
+{
+ void **gateway_tls = (void **)(gateway_page + USER_GATEWAY_TLS +
+ hard_processor_id() * 4);
+
+ *gateway_tls = (__force void *)tls_ptr;
+#ifdef CONFIG_METAG_META12
+ /* Avoid cache aliases on virtually tagged cache. */
+ __builtin_dcache_flush((void *)USER_GATEWAY_PAGE + USER_GATEWAY_TLS +
+ hard_processor_id() * sizeof(void *));
+#endif
+}
+
+extern int __kuser_get_tls(void);
+extern char *__kuser_get_tls_end[];
+
+extern int __kuser_cmpxchg(int, int, unsigned long *);
+extern char *__kuser_cmpxchg_end[];
+
+#endif
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/metag/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h b/arch/metag/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b80b8e8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/metag/include/uapi/asm/unistd.h
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Imagination Technologies Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+/* Use the standard ABI for syscalls. */
+#include <asm-generic/unistd.h>
+
+/* metag-specific syscalls. */
+#define __NR_metag_setglobalbit (__NR_arch_specific_syscall + 1)
+__SYSCALL(__NR_metag_setglobalbit, sys_metag_setglobalbit)
+#define __NR_metag_set_fpu_flags (__NR_arch_specific_syscall + 2)
+__SYSCALL(__NR_metag_set_fpu_flags, sys_metag_set_fpu_flags)
+#define __NR_metag_set_tls (__NR_arch_specific_syscall + 3)
+__SYSCALL(__NR_metag_set_tls, sys_metag_set_tls)
+#define __NR_metag_get_tls (__NR_arch_specific_syscall + 4)
+__SYSCALL(__NR_metag_get_tls, sys_metag_get_tls)
diff --git a/arch/metag/kernel/sys_metag.c b/arch/metag/kernel/sys_metag.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2e4db67
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/metag/kernel/sys_metag.c
@@ -0,0 +1,181 @@
+/*
+ * This file contains various random system calls that
+ * have a non-standard calling sequence on the Linux/Meta
+ * platform.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/mman.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/unistd.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <asm/global_lock.h>
+#include <asm/switch.h>
+#include <asm/syscall.h>
+#include <asm/syscalls.h>
+#include <asm/user_gateway.h>
+
+#define merge_64(hi, lo) ((((unsigned long long)(hi)) << 32) + \
+ ((lo) & 0xffffffffUL))
+
+int metag_mmap_check(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
+ unsigned long flags)
+{
+ /* We can't have people trying to write to the bottom of the
+ * memory map, there are mysterious unspecified things there that
+ * we don't want people trampling on.
+ */
+ if ((flags & MAP_FIXED) && (addr < TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+asmlinkage long sys_mmap2(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
+ unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags,
+ unsigned long fd, unsigned long pgoff)
+{
+ /* The shift for mmap2 is constant, regardless of PAGE_SIZE setting. */
+ if (pgoff & ((1 << (PAGE_SHIFT - 12)) - 1))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ pgoff >>= PAGE_SHIFT - 12;
+
+ return sys_mmap_pgoff(addr, len, prot, flags, fd, pgoff);
+}
+
+asmlinkage int sys_metag_setglobalbit(char __user *addr, int mask)
+{
+ char tmp;
+ int ret = 0;
+ unsigned int flags;
+
+ if (!((__force unsigned int)addr >= LINCORE_BASE))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ __global_lock2(flags);
+
+ metag_data_cache_flush((__force void *)addr, sizeof(mask));
+
+ ret = __get_user(tmp, addr);
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+ tmp |= mask;
+ ret = __put_user(tmp, addr);
+
+ metag_data_cache_flush((__force void *)addr, sizeof(mask));
+
+out:
+ __global_unlock2(flags);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+#define TXDEFR_FPU_MASK ((0x1f << 16) | 0x1f)
+
+asmlinkage void sys_metag_set_fpu_flags(unsigned int flags)
+{
+ unsigned int temp;
+
+ flags &= TXDEFR_FPU_MASK;
+
+ asm volatile ("MOV %0,TXDEFR\n" : "=r" (temp));
+
+ temp &= ~TXDEFR_FPU_MASK;
+ temp |= flags;
+
+ asm volatile ("MOV TXDEFR,%0\n" : : "r" (temp));
+}
+
+asmlinkage int sys_metag_set_tls(void __user *ptr)
+{
+ current->thread.tls_ptr = ptr;
+ set_gateway_tls(ptr);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+asmlinkage void *sys_metag_get_tls(void)
+{
+ return (__force void *)current->thread.tls_ptr;
+}
+
+asmlinkage long sys_truncate64_metag(const char __user *path, unsigned long lo,
+ unsigned long hi)
+{
+ return sys_truncate64(path, merge_64(hi, lo));
+}
+
+asmlinkage long sys_ftruncate64_metag(unsigned int fd, unsigned long lo,
+ unsigned long hi)
+{
+ return sys_ftruncate64(fd, merge_64(hi, lo));
+}
+
+asmlinkage long sys_fadvise64_64_metag(int fd, unsigned long offs_lo,
+ unsigned long offs_hi,
+ unsigned long len_lo,
+ unsigned long len_hi, int advice)
+{
+ return sys_fadvise64_64(fd, merge_64(offs_hi, offs_lo),
+ merge_64(len_hi, len_lo), advice);
+}
+
+asmlinkage long sys_readahead_metag(int fd, unsigned long lo, unsigned long hi,
+ size_t count)
+{
+ return sys_readahead(fd, merge_64(hi, lo), count);
+}
+
+asmlinkage ssize_t sys_pread64_metag(unsigned long fd, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, unsigned long lo,
+ unsigned long hi)
+{
+ return sys_pread64(fd, buf, count, merge_64(hi, lo));
+}
+
+asmlinkage ssize_t sys_pwrite64_metag(unsigned long fd, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, unsigned long lo,
+ unsigned long hi)
+{
+ return sys_pwrite64(fd, buf, count, merge_64(hi, lo));
+}
+
+asmlinkage long sys_sync_file_range_metag(int fd, unsigned long offs_lo,
+ unsigned long offs_hi,
+ unsigned long len_lo,
+ unsigned long len_hi,
+ unsigned int flags)
+{
+ return sys_sync_file_range(fd, merge_64(offs_hi, offs_lo),
+ merge_64(len_hi, len_lo), flags);
+}
+
+/* Provide the actual syscall number to call mapping. */
+#undef __SYSCALL
+#define __SYSCALL(nr, call) [nr] = (call),
+
+/*
+ * We need wrappers for anything with unaligned 64bit arguments
+ */
+#define sys_truncate64 sys_truncate64_metag
+#define sys_ftruncate64 sys_ftruncate64_metag
+#define sys_fadvise64_64 sys_fadvise64_64_metag
+#define sys_readahead sys_readahead_metag
+#define sys_pread64 sys_pread64_metag
+#define sys_pwrite64 sys_pwrite64_metag
+#define sys_sync_file_range sys_sync_file_range_metag
+
+/*
+ * Note that we can't include <linux/unistd.h> here since the header
+ * guard will defeat us; <asm/unistd.h> checks for __SYSCALL as well.
+ */
+const void *sys_call_table[__NR_syscalls] = {
+ [0 ... __NR_syscalls-1] = sys_ni_syscall,
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+};
diff --git a/arch/metag/kernel/user_gateway.S b/arch/metag/kernel/user_gateway.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7167f3e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/metag/kernel/user_gateway.S
@@ -0,0 +1,97 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Imagination Technologies Ltd.
+ *
+ * This file contains code that can be accessed from userspace and can
+ * access certain kernel data structures without the overhead of a system
+ * call.
+ */
+
+#include <asm/metag_regs.h>
+#include <asm/user_gateway.h>
+
+/*
+ * User helpers.
+ *
+ * These are segment of kernel provided user code reachable from user space
+ * at a fixed address in kernel memory. This is used to provide user space
+ * with some operations which require kernel help because of unimplemented
+ * native feature and/or instructions in some Meta CPUs. The idea is for
+ * this code to be executed directly in user mode for best efficiency but
+ * which is too intimate with the kernel counter part to be left to user
+ * libraries. The kernel reserves the right to change this code as needed
+ * without warning. Only the entry points and their results are guaranteed
+ * to be stable.
+ *
+ * Each segment is 64-byte aligned. This mechanism should be used only for
+ * for things that are really small and justified, and not be abused freely.
+ */
+ .text
+ .global ___user_gateway_start
+___user_gateway_start:
+
+ /* get_tls
+ * Offset: 0
+ * Description: Get the TLS pointer for this process.
+ */
+ .global ___kuser_get_tls
+ .type ___kuser_get_tls,function
+___kuser_get_tls:
+ MOVT D1Ar1,#HI(USER_GATEWAY_PAGE + USER_GATEWAY_TLS)
+ ADD D1Ar1,D1Ar1,#LO(USER_GATEWAY_PAGE + USER_GATEWAY_TLS)
+ MOV D1Ar3,TXENABLE
+ AND D1Ar3,D1Ar3,#(TXENABLE_THREAD_BITS)
+ LSR D1Ar3,D1Ar3,#(TXENABLE_THREAD_S - 2)
+ GETD D0Re0,[D1Ar1+D1Ar3]
+___kuser_get_tls_end: /* Beyond this point the read will complete */
+ MOV PC,D1RtP
+ .size ___kuser_get_tls,.-___kuser_get_tls
+ .global ___kuser_get_tls_end
+
+ /* cmpxchg
+ * Offset: 64
+ * Description: Replace the value at 'ptr' with 'newval' if the current
+ * value is 'oldval'. Return zero if we succeeded,
+ * non-zero otherwise.
+ *
+ * Reference prototype:
+ *
+ * int __kuser_cmpxchg(int oldval, int newval, unsigned long *ptr)
+ *
+ */
+ .balign 64
+ .global ___kuser_cmpxchg
+ .type ___kuser_cmpxchg,function
+___kuser_cmpxchg:
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ /*
+ * We must use LNKGET/LNKSET with an SMP kernel because the other method
+ * does not provide atomicity across multiple CPUs.
+ */
+0: LNKGETD D0Re0,[D1Ar3]
+ CMP D0Re0,D1Ar1
+ LNKSETDZ [D1Ar3],D0Ar2
+ BNZ 1f
+ DEFR D0Re0,TXSTAT
+ ANDT D0Re0,D0Re0,#HI(0x3f000000)
+ CMPT D0Re0,#HI(0x02000000)
+ BNE 0b
+#ifdef CONFIG_METAG_LNKGET_AROUND_CACHE
+ DCACHE [D1Ar3], D0Re0
+#endif
+1: MOV D0Re0,#1
+ XORZ D0Re0,D0Re0,D0Re0
+ MOV PC,D1RtP
+#else
+ GETD D0Re0,[D1Ar3]
+ CMP D0Re0,D1Ar1
+ SETDZ [D1Ar3],D0Ar2
+___kuser_cmpxchg_end: /* Beyond this point the write will complete */
+ MOV D0Re0,#1
+ XORZ D0Re0,D0Re0,D0Re0
+ MOV PC,D1RtP
+#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
+ .size ___kuser_cmpxchg,.-___kuser_cmpxchg
+ .global ___kuser_cmpxchg_end
+
+ .global ___user_gateway_end
+___user_gateway_end:
--
1.7.7.6



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