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SubjectRe: WARNING: at kernel/rcutree.c:1558 rcu_do_batch+0x386/0x3a0(), during CPU hotplug
On 09/12/2012 11:31 PM, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 12, 2012 at 06:06:20PM +0530, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
>> On 07/19/2012 10:45 PM, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
>>> On Thu, Jul 19, 2012 at 05:39:30PM +0530, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
>>>> Hi Paul,
>>>>
>>>> While running a CPU hotplug stress test on v3.5-rc7+
>>>> (mainline commit 8a7298b7805ab) I hit this warning.
>>>> I haven't tried to debug this yet...
>>>>
>>>> Line number 1550 maps to:
>>>>
>>>> WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_is_offline(smp_processor_id()));
>>>>
>>>> inside rcu_do_batch().
>>>
>>> Hello, Srivatsa,
>>>
>>> I believe that you need commit a16b7a69 (Prevent __call_rcu() from
>>> invoking RCU core on offline CPUs), which is currently in -tip, queued
>>> for 3.6. Please see below for the patch.
>>>
>>> Does this help?
>>>
>>
>> Hi Paul,
>>
>> I am hitting the cpu_is_offline() warning in rcu_do_batch() (see 2 of the
>> examples below) occasionally while testing CPU hotplug on Thomas' smp/hotplug
>> branch in -tip. It does contain the commit that you had mentioned above.
>>
>> The stack trace suggests that we are not hitting this from the __call_rcu()
>> path. So I guess this needs a different fix?
>
> So there was an interrupt from stop_machine_stop(). Because RCU complained
> about offline, I presume that this was on exit from stop_machine_stop().
> (Otherwise, on entry to stop_machine_stop(), the CPU has not yet marked
> itself offline, right?)
>
> So my question is: Why didn't the CPU shut off all interrupts before
> coming out of stop_machine_stop()?
>
> Or am I confused about what is really happening here?

I think Srivatsa may need patch a3716d2e too:

commit a3716d2e5a50a9ed5268ae3d3c2f093968ff236a
Author: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org>
Date: Thu Jun 21 09:54:10 2012 -0700

rcu: Prevent offline CPUs from executing RCU core code

Earlier versions of RCU invoked the RCU core from the CPU_DYING notifier
in order to note a quiescent state for the outgoing CPU. Because the
CPU is marked "offline" during the execution of the CPU_DYING notifiers,
the RCU core had to tolerate being invoked from an offline CPU. However,
commit b1420f1c (Make rcu_barrier() less disruptive) left only tracing
code in the CPU_DYING notifier, so the RCU core need no longer execute
on offline CPUs. This commit therefore enforces this restriction.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index 300aba6..84a6f55 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -1892,6 +1892,8 @@ static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
{
struct rcu_state *rsp;

+ if (cpu_is_offline(smp_processor_id()))
+ return;
trace_rcu_utilization("Start RCU core");
for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp)
__rcu_process_callbacks(rsp);
With out it, the RCU_SOFTIRQ raised before offline won't
have a chance to return.

Regards,
Michael Wang
>
> Thanx, Paul
>
>> Regards,
>> Srivatsa S. Bhat
>>
>> [ 53.882344] smpboot: CPU 7 is now offline
>> [ 53.891072] CPU 12 MCA banks CMCI:6 CMCI:8
>> [ 53.895621] CPU 15 MCA banks CMCI:2 CMCI:3 CMCI:5
>> [ 53.914738] Broke affinity for irq 81
>> [ 53.917769] do_IRQ: 8.211 No irq handler for vector (irq -1)
>> [ 53.917769] ------------[ cut here ]------------
>> [ 53.917769] WARNING: at kernel/rcutree.c:1558 rcu_do_batch+0x386/0x3a0()
>> [ 53.917769] Hardware name: IBM System x -[7870C4Q]-
>> [ 53.917769] Modules linked in: ipv6 cpufreq_conservative cpufreq_userspace cpufreq_powersave acpi_cpufreq mperf fuse loop dm_mod iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support coretemp kvm_intel kvm cdc_ether usbnet ioatdma lpc_ich mfd_core crc32c_intel microcode mii pcspkr i2c_i801 shpchp i2c_core serio_raw bnx2 tpm_tis dca tpm pci_hotplug i7core_edac tpm_bios edac_core sg rtc_cmos button uhci_hcd ehci_hcd usbcore usb_common sd_mod crc_t10dif edd ext3 mbcache jbd fan processor mptsas mptscsih mptbase scsi_transport_sas scsi_mod thermal thermal_sys hwmon
>> [ 53.917769] Pid: 47, comm: migration/8 Not tainted 3.6.0-rc1-tglx-hotplug-0.0.0.28.36b5ec9-default #1
>> [ 53.917769] Call Trace:
>> [ 53.917769] <IRQ> [<ffffffff810e7806>] ? rcu_do_batch+0x386/0x3a0
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810e7806>] ? rcu_do_batch+0x386/0x3a0
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff8104338a>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7a/0xb0
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810433d5>] warn_slowpath_null+0x15/0x20
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810e7806>] rcu_do_batch+0x386/0x3a0
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810ac8a0>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x70/0x1b0
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810ac9ed>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810e9143>] __rcu_process_callbacks+0x1a3/0x200
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810e9228>] rcu_process_callbacks+0x88/0x240
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff8104dc79>] __do_softirq+0x159/0x400
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff814c627c>] call_softirq+0x1c/0x30
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810044f5>] do_softirq+0x95/0xd0
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff8104d745>] irq_exit+0xe5/0x100
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff81003c14>] do_IRQ+0x64/0xe0
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff814bc12f>] common_interrupt+0x6f/0x6f
>> [ 53.917769] <EOI> [<ffffffff810cfe7a>] ? stop_machine_cpu_stop+0xda/0x130
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810cfda0>] ? stop_one_cpu_nowait+0x50/0x50
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810cfab9>] cpu_stopper_thread+0xd9/0x1b0
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff814bbe4f>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x3f/0x80
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810cf9e0>] ? res_counter_init+0x50/0x50
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810ac95d>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x12d/0x1b0
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810ac9ed>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff810cf9e0>] ? res_counter_init+0x50/0x50
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff8106deae>] kthread+0xde/0xf0
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff814c6184>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff814bc1f0>] ? retint_restore_args+0x13/0x13
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff8106ddd0>] ? __init_kthread_worker+0x70/0x70
>> [ 53.917769] [<ffffffff814c6180>] ? gs_change+0x13/0x13
>> [ 53.917769] ---[ end trace f60a282810c4ce78 ]---
>> [ 54.170634] smpboot: CPU 8 is now offline
>> [ 54.192259] NOHZ: local_softirq_pending 200
>> [ 54.197936] smpboot: CPU 9 is now offline
>> [ 54.219707] NOHZ: local_softirq_pending 200
>> [ 54.225795] smpboot: CPU 10 is now offline
>>
>>
>> ---
>>
>> [ 372.482434] smpboot: CPU 11 is now offline
>> [ 372.534211] smpboot: CPU 12 is now offline
>> [ 372.539786] CPU 13 MCA banks CMCI:6 CMCI:8
>> [ 372.582474] smpboot: CPU 13 is now offline
>> [ 372.591006] CPU 14 MCA banks CMCI:6 CMCI:8
>> [ 372.629745] ------------[ cut here ]------------
>> [ 372.633736] WARNING: at kernel/rcutree.c:1558 rcu_do_batch+0x386/0x3a0()
>> [ 372.633736] Hardware name: IBM System x -[7870C4Q]-
>> [ 372.633736] Modules linked in: ipv6 cpufreq_conservative cpufreq_userspace cpufreq_powersave acpi_cpufreq mperf fuse loop dm_mod iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support coretemp kvm_intel kvm crc32c_intel
>> microcode serio_raw tpm_tis i7core_edac cdc_ether usbnet ioatdma mii lpc_ich pcspkr edac_core mfd_core bnx2 shpchp pci_hotplug i2c_i801 i2c_core dca tpm sg tpm_bios rtc_cmos button uhci_hcd ehci_hcd
>> usbcore usb_common sd_mod crc_t10dif edd ext3 mbcache jbd fan processor mptsas mptscsih mptbase scsi_transport_sas scsi_mod thermal thermal_sys hwmon
>> [ 372.633736] Pid: 8625, comm: migration/14 Not tainted 3.6.0-rc1-tglx-hotplug-0.0.0.28.36b5ec9-default #1
>> [ 372.633736] Call Trace:
>> [ 372.633736] <IRQ> [<ffffffff810e7806>] ? rcu_do_batch+0x386/0x3a0
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810e7806>] ? rcu_do_batch+0x386/0x3a0
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff8104338a>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7a/0xb0
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810433d5>] warn_slowpath_null+0x15/0x20
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810e7806>] rcu_do_batch+0x386/0x3a0
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810ac8a0>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x70/0x1b0
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810ac9ed>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810e9143>] __rcu_process_callbacks+0x1a3/0x200
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810e9228>] rcu_process_callbacks+0x88/0x240
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff8104dc79>] __do_softirq+0x159/0x400
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff814c627c>] call_softirq+0x1c/0x30
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810044f5>] do_softirq+0x95/0xd0
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff8104d745>] irq_exit+0xe5/0x100
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff81028df9>] smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x69/0xa0
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff814c5aef>] apic_timer_interrupt+0x6f/0x80
>> [ 372.633736] <EOI> [<ffffffff810cfe7a>] ? stop_machine_cpu_stop+0xda/0x130
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810cfda0>] ? stop_one_cpu_nowait+0x50/0x50
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810cfab9>] cpu_stopper_thread+0xd9/0x1b0
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff814bbe4f>] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x3f/0x80
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810cf9e0>] ? res_counter_init+0x50/0x50
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810ac95d>] ? trace_hardirqs_on_caller+0x12d/0x1b0
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810ac9ed>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff810cf9e0>] ? res_counter_init+0x50/0x50
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff8106deae>] kthread+0xde/0xf0
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff814c6184>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff814bc1f0>] ? retint_restore_args+0x13/0x13
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff8106ddd0>] ? __init_kthread_worker+0x70/0x70
>> [ 372.633736] [<ffffffff814c6180>] ? gs_change+0x13/0x13
>> [ 372.633736] ---[ end trace a4296a31284c846d ]---
>> [ 372.883063] smpboot: CPU 14 is now offline
>> [ 372.892721] CPU 15 MCA banks CMCI:6 CMCI:8
>> [ 372.907250] smpboot: CPU 15 is now offline
>> [ 372.911545] SMP alternatives: lockdep: fixing up alternatives
>> [ 372.917292] SMP alternatives: switching to UP code
>> [ 372.941917] SMP alternatives: lockdep: fixing up alternatives
>>
>> --
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>
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