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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Xen backend support for paged out grant targets.
On Wed, Sep 12, 2012 at 03:45:53PM -0400, Andres Lagar-Cavilla wrote:
> Since Xen-4.2, hvm domains may have portions of their memory paged out. When a
> foreign domain (such as dom0) attempts to map these frames, the map will
> initially fail. The hypervisor returns a suitable errno, and kicks an
> asynchronous page-in operation carried out by a helper. The foreign domain is
> expected to retry the mapping operation until it eventually succeeds. The
> foreign domain is not put to sleep because itself could be the one running the
> pager assist (typical scenario for dom0).

Looks ok to me. You forgot to put on the CC LKML and netdev mailing list
so I did that for you.

>
> This patch adds support for this mechanism for backend drivers using grant
> mapping and copying operations. Specifically, this covers the blkback and
> gntdev drivers (which map foregin grants), and the netback driver (which copies
> foreign grants).
>
> * Add GNTST_eagain, already exposed by Xen, to the grant interface.
> * Add a retry method for grants that fail with GNTST_eagain (i.e. because the
> target foregin frame is paged out).
> * Insert hooks with appropriate macro decorators in the aforementioned drivers.
>
> The retry loop is only invoked if the grant operation status is GNTST_eagain.
> It guarantees to leave a new status code different from GNTST_eagain. Any other
> status code results in identical code execution as before.
>
> The retry loop performs 256 attempts with increasing time intervals through a
> 32 second period. It uses msleep to yield while waiting for the next retry.
>
> V2 after feedback from David Vrabel:
> * Explicit MAX_DELAY instead of wrap-around delay into zero
> * Abstract GNTST_eagain check into core grant table code for netback module.
>
> Signed-off-by: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andres@lagarcavilla.org>
> ---
> drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c | 11 +++-------
> drivers/xen/grant-table.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_client.c | 6 ++----
> include/xen/grant_table.h | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/xen/interface/grant_table.h | 2 ++
> 5 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c b/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
> index 682633b..fc40258 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
> +++ b/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
> @@ -635,9 +635,7 @@ static void xen_netbk_rx_action(struct xen_netbk *netbk)
> return;
>
> BUG_ON(npo.copy_prod > ARRAY_SIZE(netbk->grant_copy_op));
> - ret = HYPERVISOR_grant_table_op(GNTTABOP_copy, &netbk->grant_copy_op,
> - npo.copy_prod);
> - BUG_ON(ret != 0);
> + gnttab_batch_copy_retry_eagain(netbk->grant_copy_op, npo.copy_prod);
>
> while ((skb = __skb_dequeue(&rxq)) != NULL) {
> sco = (struct skb_cb_overlay *)skb->cb;
> @@ -1460,18 +1458,15 @@ static void xen_netbk_tx_submit(struct xen_netbk *netbk)
> static void xen_netbk_tx_action(struct xen_netbk *netbk)
> {
> unsigned nr_gops;
> - int ret;
>
> nr_gops = xen_netbk_tx_build_gops(netbk);
>
> if (nr_gops == 0)
> return;
> - ret = HYPERVISOR_grant_table_op(GNTTABOP_copy,
> - netbk->tx_copy_ops, nr_gops);
> - BUG_ON(ret);
>
> - xen_netbk_tx_submit(netbk);
> + gnttab_batch_copy_retry_eagain(netbk->tx_copy_ops, nr_gops);
>
> + xen_netbk_tx_submit(netbk);
> }
>
> static void xen_netbk_idx_release(struct xen_netbk *netbk, u16 pending_idx)
> diff --git a/drivers/xen/grant-table.c b/drivers/xen/grant-table.c
> index eea81cf..96543b2 100644
> --- a/drivers/xen/grant-table.c
> +++ b/drivers/xen/grant-table.c
> @@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
> #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
> #include <linux/uaccess.h>
> #include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> #include <linux/hardirq.h>
>
> #include <xen/xen.h>
> @@ -823,6 +824,26 @@ unsigned int gnttab_max_grant_frames(void)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gnttab_max_grant_frames);
>
> +#define MAX_DELAY 256
> +void
> +gnttab_retry_eagain_gop(unsigned int cmd, void *gop, int16_t *status,
> + const char *func)
> +{
> + unsigned delay = 1;
> +
> + do {
> + BUG_ON(HYPERVISOR_grant_table_op(cmd, gop, 1));
> + if (*status == GNTST_eagain)
> + msleep(delay++);
> + } while ((*status == GNTST_eagain) && (delay < MAX_DELAY));
> +
> + if (delay >= MAX_DELAY) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "%s: %s eagain grant\n", func, current->comm);
> + *status = GNTST_bad_page;
> + }
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gnttab_retry_eagain_gop);
> +
> int gnttab_map_refs(struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *map_ops,
> struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
> struct page **pages, unsigned int count)
> @@ -836,6 +857,11 @@ int gnttab_map_refs(struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *map_ops,
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> + /* Retry eagain maps */
> + for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
> + if (map_ops[i].status == GNTST_eagain)
> + gnttab_retry_eagain_map(map_ops + i);
> +
> if (xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap))
> return ret;
>
> diff --git a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_client.c b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_client.c
> index b3e146e..a6e07ea 100644
> --- a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_client.c
> +++ b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_client.c
> @@ -490,8 +490,7 @@ static int xenbus_map_ring_valloc_pv(struct xenbus_device *dev,
>
> op.host_addr = arbitrary_virt_to_machine(pte).maddr;
>
> - if (HYPERVISOR_grant_table_op(GNTTABOP_map_grant_ref, &op, 1))
> - BUG();
> + gnttab_map_grant_retry_eagain(&op);
>
> if (op.status != GNTST_okay) {
> free_vm_area(area);
> @@ -572,8 +571,7 @@ int xenbus_map_ring(struct xenbus_device *dev, int gnt_ref,
> gnttab_set_map_op(&op, (unsigned long)vaddr, GNTMAP_host_map, gnt_ref,
> dev->otherend_id);
>
> - if (HYPERVISOR_grant_table_op(GNTTABOP_map_grant_ref, &op, 1))
> - BUG();
> + gnttab_map_grant_retry_eagain(&op);
>
> if (op.status != GNTST_okay) {
> xenbus_dev_fatal(dev, op.status,
> diff --git a/include/xen/grant_table.h b/include/xen/grant_table.h
> index 11e27c3..c829c83 100644
> --- a/include/xen/grant_table.h
> +++ b/include/xen/grant_table.h
> @@ -43,6 +43,7 @@
> #include <xen/interface/grant_table.h>
>
> #include <asm/xen/hypervisor.h>
> +#include <asm/xen/hypercall.h>
>
> #include <xen/features.h>
>
> @@ -183,6 +184,43 @@ unsigned int gnttab_max_grant_frames(void);
>
> #define gnttab_map_vaddr(map) ((void *)(map.host_virt_addr))
>
> +/* Retry a grant map/copy operation when the hypervisor returns GNTST_eagain.
> + * This is typically due to paged out target frames.
> + * Generic entry-point, use macro decorators below for specific grant
> + * operations.
> + * Will retry for 1, 2, ... 255 ms, i.e. 256 times during 32 seconds.
> + * Return value in *status guaranteed to no longer be GNTST_eagain. */
> +void gnttab_retry_eagain_gop(unsigned int cmd, void *gop, int16_t *status,
> + const char *func);
> +
> +#define gnttab_retry_eagain_map(_gop) \
> + gnttab_retry_eagain_gop(GNTTABOP_map_grant_ref, (_gop), \
> + &(_gop)->status, __func__)
> +
> +#define gnttab_retry_eagain_copy(_gop) \
> + gnttab_retry_eagain_gop(GNTTABOP_copy, (_gop), \
> + &(_gop)->status, __func__)
> +
> +static inline void
> +gnttab_map_grant_retry_eagain(struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *op)
> +{
> + BUG_ON((HYPERVISOR_grant_table_op(GNTTABOP_map_grant_ref, op, 1)));
> + if (op->status == GNTST_eagain)
> + gnttab_retry_eagain_map(op);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void
> +gnttab_batch_copy_retry_eagain(struct gnttab_copy *batch, unsigned count)
> +{
> + unsigned i;
> + struct gnttab_copy *op;
> +
> + BUG_ON(HYPERVISOR_grant_table_op(GNTTABOP_copy, batch, count));
> + for (i = 0, op = batch; i < count; i++, op++)
> + if (op->status == GNTST_eagain)
> + gnttab_retry_eagain_copy(op);
> +}
> +
> int gnttab_map_refs(struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *map_ops,
> struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *kmap_ops,
> struct page **pages, unsigned int count);
> diff --git a/include/xen/interface/grant_table.h b/include/xen/interface/grant_table.h
> index 7da811b..66cb734 100644
> --- a/include/xen/interface/grant_table.h
> +++ b/include/xen/interface/grant_table.h
> @@ -520,6 +520,7 @@ DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE_STRUCT(gnttab_get_version);
> #define GNTST_permission_denied (-8) /* Not enough privilege for operation. */
> #define GNTST_bad_page (-9) /* Specified page was invalid for op. */
> #define GNTST_bad_copy_arg (-10) /* copy arguments cross page boundary */
> +#define GNTST_eagain (-12) /* Retry. */
>
> #define GNTTABOP_error_msgs { \
> "okay", \
> @@ -533,6 +534,7 @@ DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE_STRUCT(gnttab_get_version);
> "permission denied", \
> "bad page", \
> "copy arguments cross page boundary" \
> + "retry" \
> }
>
> #endif /* __XEN_PUBLIC_GRANT_TABLE_H__ */
> --
> 1.7.9.5


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