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SubjectRe: [RFC 00/11] VFS: hot data tracking
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Sorry, forgot CCed to Ted.

On Tue, Sep 11, 2012 at 10:27 PM, <zwu.kernel@gmail.com> wrote:
> From: Zhi Yong Wu <wuzhy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>
> HI, folks
> I have pushed the patchset to my kernel dev git tree:
> git@github.com:wuzhy/kernel.git
>
> Also, you can review it via
> https://github.com/wuzhy/kernel/commits/hottrack
>
> NOTE:
>
> The patchset still has a lot of bugfix and cleanup to do. It is post
> out mainly to make sure it is going in the correct direction and
> hope to get some helpful comments from other guys.
>
> TODO List:
>
> 1.) Need to do scalability or performance tests.
> 2.) Fix up bugs.
> 3.) Strictly split this patchset to keep them in order
> This patchset is in RFC state, i haven't strictly split it
> When it is in PATCH state, i will strictly split it and let
> them in order.
> 4.) Turn some Micro in to tunables
> TIME_TO_KICK, and HEAT_UPDATE_DELAY
> 5.) Rafactor hot_hash_is_aging()
> If you just made the timeout value a timespec and compared
> the _timespecs_, you would be doing a lot fewer conversions.
> 6.) Cleanup some unnecessary lock protect
> 7.) Add more comments to explain how to calc temperature
>
> Ben Chociej, Matt Lupfer and Conor Scott originally wrote this code to
> be very btrfs-specific. I've taken their code and attempted to
> make it more generic and integrate it at the VFS level.
>
> INTRODUCTION:
>
> Essentially, this means maintaining some key stats
> (like number of reads/writes, last read/write time, frequency of
> reads/writes), then distilling those numbers down to a single
> "temperature" value that reflects what data is "hot," and using that
> temperature to move data to SSDs.
>
> The long-term goal of these patches is to allow some FSs,
> e.g. Btrfs to intelligently utilize SSDs in a heterogenous volume.
> Incidentally, this project has been motivated by
> the Project Ideas page on the Btrfs wiki.
>
> Of course, users are warned not to run this code outside of development
> environments. These patches are EXPERIMENTAL, and as such they might eat
> your data and/or memory. That said, the code should be relatively safe
> when the hottrack mount option are disabled.
>
> MOTIVATION:
>
> The overall goal of enabling hot data relocation to SSD has been
> motivated by the Project Ideas page on the Btrfs wiki at
> <https://btrfs.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/Project_ideas>.
> It will divide into two steps. VFS provide hot data tracking function
> while specific FS will provide hot data relocation function.
> So as the first step of this goal, it is hoped that the patchset
> for hot data tracking will eventually mature into VFS.
>
> This is essentially the traditional cache argument: SSD is fast and
> expensive; HDD is cheap but slow. ZFS, for example, can already take
> advantage of SSD caching. Btrfs should also be able to take advantage of
> hybrid storage without many broad, sweeping changes to existing code.
>
> SUMMARY:
>
> - Hooks in existing vfs functions to track data access frequency
>
> - New rbtrees for tracking access frequency of inodes and sub-file
> ranges (hot_rb.c)
> The relationship between super_block and rbtree is as below:
> super_block->s_hotinfo.hot_inode_tree
> In include/linux/fs.h, one struct hot_info s_hotinfo is added to
> super_block struct. Each FS instance can find hot tracking info
> s_hotinfo via its super_block. In this hot_info, it store a lot of hot
> tracking info such as hot_inode_tree, inode and range hash list, etc.
>
> - A hash list for indexing data by its temperature (hot_hash.c)
>
> - A debugfs interface for dumping data from the rbtrees (hot_debugfs.c)
>
> - A background kthread for updating inode heat info
>
> - Mount options for enabling temperature tracking(-o hottrack, default mean disabled)
> (hot_track.c)
>
> - An ioctl to retrieve the frequency information collected for a certain
> file
>
> - Ioctls to enable/disable frequency tracking per inode.
>
> Usage syntax:
>
> root@debian-i386:~# mount -o hottrack /dev/sdb /mnt
> [ 1505.894078] device label test devid 1 transid 29 /dev/sdb
> [ 1505.952977] btrfs: disk space caching is enabled
> [ 1506.069678] vfs: turning on hot data tracking
> root@debian-i386:~# mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug
> root@debian-i386:~# ls -l /sys/kernel/debug/vfs_hotdata/
> total 0
> drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 0 Aug 8 04:40 sdb
> root@debian-i386:~# ls -l /sys/kernel/debug/vfs_hotdata/sdb
> total 0
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 0 Aug 8 04:40 inode_data
> -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 0 Aug 8 04:40 range_data
> root@debian-i386:~# vi /mnt/file
> root@debian-i386:~# cat /sys/kernel/debug/hot_track/sdb/inode_data
> inode #279, reads 0, writes 1, avg read time 18446744073709551615,
> avg write time 5251566408153596, temp 109
> root@debian-i386:~# cat /sys/kernel/debug/hot_track/sdb/range_data
> inode #279, range start 0 (range len 1048576) reads 0, writes 1,
> avg read time 18446744073709551615, avg write time 1128690176623144209, temp 64
> root@debian-i386:~# echo "hot data tracking test" >> /mnt/file
> root@debian-i386:~# cat /sys/kernel/debug/hot_track/sdb/inode_data
> inode #279, reads 0, writes 2, avg read time 18446744073709551615,
> avg write time 4923343766042451, temp 109
> root@debian-i386:~# cat /sys/kernel/debug/hot_track/sdb/range_data
> inode #279, range start 0 (range len 1048576) reads 0, writes 2,
> avg read time 18446744073709551615, avg write time 1058147040842596150, temp 64
> root@debian-i386:~#
>
> Zhi Yong Wu (11):
> vfs: introduce one structure hot_info
> vfs: introduce one rb tree - hot_inode_tree
> vfs: introduce 2 rb tree items - inode and range
> vfs: add support for updating access frequency
> vfs: add one new mount option -o hottrack
> vfs: add init and exit support
> vfs: introduce one hash table
> vfs: enable hot data tracking
> vfs: fork one private kthread to update temperature info
> vfs: add 3 new ioctl interfaces
> vfs: add debugfs support
>
> fs/Makefile | 3 +-
> fs/compat_ioctl.c | 8 +
> fs/dcache.c | 2 +
> fs/direct-io.c | 10 +
> fs/hot_debugfs.c | 488 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> fs/hot_debugfs.h | 60 +++++
> fs/hot_hash.c | 382 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> fs/hot_hash.h | 112 ++++++++
> fs/hot_rb.c | 648 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> fs/hot_rb.h | 81 ++++++
> fs/hot_track.c | 85 ++++++
> fs/hot_track.h | 23 ++
> fs/ioctl.c | 132 +++++++++
> fs/namespace.c | 10 +
> fs/super.c | 11 +
> include/linux/fs.h | 15 +
> include/linux/hot_track.h | 169 ++++++++++++
> mm/filemap.c | 8 +
> mm/page-writeback.c | 21 ++
> mm/readahead.c | 9 +
> 20 files changed, 2276 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 fs/hot_debugfs.c
> create mode 100644 fs/hot_debugfs.h
> create mode 100644 fs/hot_hash.c
> create mode 100644 fs/hot_hash.h
> create mode 100644 fs/hot_rb.c
> create mode 100644 fs/hot_rb.h
> create mode 100644 fs/hot_track.c
> create mode 100644 fs/hot_track.h
> create mode 100644 include/linux/hot_track.h
>
> --
> 1.7.6.5
>
> --
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--
Regards,

Zhi Yong Wu


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