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Subject[PATCH] Forbid invocation of kexec_load() outside initial PID namespace
From: "Daniel P. Berrange" <>

The following commit

commit cf3f89214ef6a33fad60856bc5ffd7bb2fc4709b
Author: Daniel Lezcano <>
Date: Wed Mar 28 14:42:51 2012 -0700

pidns: add reboot_pid_ns() to handle the reboot syscall

introduced custom handling of the reboot() syscall when invoked
from a non-initial PID namespace. The intent was that a process
in a container can be allowed to keep CAP_SYS_BOOT and execute
reboot() to shutdown/reboot just their private container, rather
than the host.

Unfortunately the kexec_load() syscall also relies on the
CAP_SYS_BOOT capability. So by allowing a container to keep
this capability to safely invoke reboot(), they mistakenly
also gain the ability to use kexec_load(). The solution is
to make kexec_load() return -EPERM if invoked from a PID
namespace that is not the initial namespace

Signed-off-by: Daniel P. Berrange <>
Cc: Serge Hallyn <>
Cc: Daniel Lezcano <>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <>
Cc: Tejun Heo <>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <>
kernel/kexec.c | 5 +++++
1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/kexec.c b/kernel/kexec.c
index 0668d58..b152bde 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec.c
@@ -947,6 +947,11 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE4(kexec_load, unsigned long, entry, unsigned long, nr_segments,
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_BOOT))
return -EPERM;

+ /* Processes in containers must not be allowed to load a new
+ * kernel, even if they have CAP_SYS_BOOT */
+ if (task_active_pid_ns(current) != &init_pid_ns)
+ return -EPERM;
* Verify we have a legal set of flags
* This leaves us room for future extensions.

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