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SubjectRe: [RFC 1/2] cma: remove __reclaim_pages
Hi Mel,

On Thu, Aug 16, 2012 at 02:58:18PM +0100, Mel Gorman wrote:
> On Tue, Aug 14, 2012 at 05:57:06PM +0900, Minchan Kim wrote:
> > Now cma reclaims too many pages by __reclaim_pages which says
> > following as
> >
> > * Reclaim enough pages to make sure that contiguous allocation
> > * will not starve the system.
> >
> > Starve? What does it starve the system? The function which allocate
> > free page for migration target would wake up kswapd and do direct reclaim
> > if needed during migration so system doesn't starve.
> >
>
> I thought this patch was overkill at the time it was introduced but
> didn't have a concrete reason to reject it when I commented on it
> https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/1/30/136 . Marek did want this and followed
> up with "contiguous allocations should have higher priority than others"
> which I took to mean that he was also ok with excessive reclaim.

I think OOM kill to background applications is more appropriate than
big latency of foreground(ex, Camera app) application in your mobile phone.
In other words, excessive reclaim is *really* bad which elapsed 8sec
in my test as worst case. :(

>
> > Let remove __reclaim_pages and related function and fields.
> >
>
> That should be one patch and I don't object to it being removed as such
> but it's Marek's call.

Marek. Any thought?

>
> > I modified split_free_page slightly because I removed __reclaim_pages,
> > isolate_freepages_range can fail by split_free_page's watermark check.
> > It's very critical in CMA because it ends up failing alloc_contig_range.
> >
>
> This is a big change and should have been in a patch on its
> own. split_free_page checks watermarks because if the watermarks are
> not obeyed a zone can become fully allocated. This can cause a system to
> livelock under certain circumstances if a page cannot be allocated and a
> free page is required before other pages can be freed.
>
> > I think we don't need the check in case of CMA because CMA allocates
> > free pages by alloc_pages, not isolate_freepages_block in migrate_pages
> > so watermark is already checked in alloc_pages.
>
> It uses alloc_pages when migrating pages out of the CMA area but note
> that it uses isolate_freepages_block when allocating the CMA buffer when
> alloc_contig_range calls isolate_freepages_range
>
> isolate_freepages_range(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
> {
> for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn < end_pfn; pfn += isolated) {
> isolated = isolate_freepages_block(pfn, block_end_pfn,
> &freelist, true);
> }
> map_pages(&freelist);
> }
>
> so the actual CMA allocation itself is not using alloc_pages. By removing
> the watermark check you allow the CMA to breach watermarks and puts the
> system at risk of livelock.

Fair enough. I will look into that.
Thanks, Mel.

--
Kind regards,
Minchan Kim


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