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Subject[PATCH v2 13/31] arm64: Device specific operations
Date
This patch adds several definitions for device communication, including
I/O accessors and ioremap(). The __raw_* accessors are implemented as
inline asm to avoid compiler generation of post-indexed accesses (less
efficient to emulate in a virtualised environment).

Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/device.h | 26 ++++
arch/arm64/include/asm/fb.h | 34 +++++
arch/arm64/include/asm/io.h | 263 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/io.c | 64 ++++++++++
arch/arm64/mm/ioremap.c | 84 +++++++++++++
5 files changed, 471 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/device.h
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/fb.h
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/io.h
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kernel/io.c
create mode 100644 arch/arm64/mm/ioremap.c

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/device.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/device.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0d8453c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/device.h
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_DEVICE_H
+#define __ASM_DEVICE_H
+
+struct dev_archdata {
+ struct dma_map_ops *dma_ops;
+};
+
+struct pdev_archdata {
+};
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/fb.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/fb.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..adb88a6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/fb.h
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_FB_H_
+#define __ASM_FB_H_
+
+#include <linux/fb.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+
+static inline void fb_pgprotect(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long off)
+{
+ vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_writecombine(vma->vm_page_prot);
+}
+
+static inline int fb_is_primary_device(struct fb_info *info)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#endif /* __ASM_FB_H_ */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/io.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/io.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..48fa83f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/io.h
@@ -0,0 +1,263 @@
+/*
+ * Based on arch/arm/include/asm/io.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 1996-2000 Russell King
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_IO_H
+#define __ASM_IO_H
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#include <asm/byteorder.h>
+#include <asm/barrier.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+
+/*
+ * Generic IO read/write. These perform native-endian accesses.
+ */
+static inline void __raw_writeb(u8 val, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+ asm volatile("strb %w0, [%1]" : : "r" (val), "r" (addr));
+}
+
+static inline void __raw_writew(u16 val, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+ asm volatile("strh %w0, [%1]" : : "r" (val), "r" (addr));
+}
+
+static inline void __raw_writel(u32 val, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+ asm volatile("str %w0, [%1]" : : "r" (val), "r" (addr));
+}
+
+static inline void __raw_writeq(u64 val, volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+ asm volatile("str %0, [%1]" : : "r" (val), "r" (addr));
+}
+
+static inline u8 __raw_readb(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+ u8 val;
+ asm volatile("ldrb %w0, [%1]" : "=r" (val) : "r" (addr));
+ return val;
+}
+
+static inline u16 __raw_readw(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+ u16 val;
+ asm volatile("ldrh %w0, [%1]" : "=r" (val) : "r" (addr));
+ return val;
+}
+
+static inline u32 __raw_readl(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+ u32 val;
+ asm volatile("ldr %w0, [%1]" : "=r" (val) : "r" (addr));
+ return val;
+}
+
+static inline u64 __raw_readq(const volatile void __iomem *addr)
+{
+ u64 val;
+ asm volatile("ldr %0, [%1]" : "=r" (val) : "r" (addr));
+ return val;
+}
+
+/* IO barriers */
+#define __iormb() rmb()
+#define __iowmb() wmb()
+
+#define mmiowb() do { } while (0)
+
+/*
+ * Relaxed I/O memory access primitives. These follow the Device memory
+ * ordering rules but do not guarantee any ordering relative to Normal memory
+ * accesses.
+ */
+#define readb_relaxed(c) ({ u8 __v = __raw_readb(c); __v; })
+#define readw_relaxed(c) ({ u16 __v = le16_to_cpu((__force __le16)__raw_readw(c)); __v; })
+#define readl_relaxed(c) ({ u32 __v = le32_to_cpu((__force __le32)__raw_readl(c)); __v; })
+
+#define writeb_relaxed(v,c) ((void)__raw_writeb((v),(c)))
+#define writew_relaxed(v,c) ((void)__raw_writew((__force u16)cpu_to_le16(v),(c)))
+#define writel_relaxed(v,c) ((void)__raw_writel((__force u32)cpu_to_le32(v),(c)))
+
+/*
+ * I/O memory access primitives. Reads are ordered relative to any
+ * following Normal memory access. Writes are ordered relative to any prior
+ * Normal memory access.
+ */
+#define readb(c) ({ u8 __v = readb_relaxed(c); __iormb(); __v; })
+#define readw(c) ({ u16 __v = readw_relaxed(c); __iormb(); __v; })
+#define readl(c) ({ u32 __v = readl_relaxed(c); __iormb(); __v; })
+
+#define writeb(v,c) ({ __iowmb(); writeb_relaxed((v),(c)); })
+#define writew(v,c) ({ __iowmb(); writew_relaxed((v),(c)); })
+#define writel(v,c) ({ __iowmb(); writel_relaxed((v),(c)); })
+
+/*
+ * I/O port access primitives.
+ */
+#define IO_SPACE_LIMIT 0xffff
+
+/*
+ * We currently don't have any platform with PCI support, so just leave this
+ * defined to 0 until needed.
+ */
+#define PCI_IOBASE ((void __iomem *)0)
+
+static inline u8 inb(unsigned long addr)
+{
+ return readb(addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+static inline u16 inw(unsigned long addr)
+{
+ return readw(addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+static inline u32 inl(unsigned long addr)
+{
+ return readl(addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+static inline void outb(u8 b, unsigned long addr)
+{
+ writeb(b, addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+static inline void outw(u16 b, unsigned long addr)
+{
+ writew(b, addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+static inline void outl(u32 b, unsigned long addr)
+{
+ writel(b, addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+#define inb_p(addr) inb(addr)
+#define inw_p(addr) inw(addr)
+#define inl_p(addr) inl(addr)
+
+#define outb_p(x, addr) outb((x), (addr))
+#define outw_p(x, addr) outw((x), (addr))
+#define outl_p(x, addr) outl((x), (addr))
+
+static inline void insb(unsigned long addr, void *buffer, int count)
+{
+ u8 *buf = buffer;
+ while (count--)
+ *buf++ = __raw_readb(addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+static inline void insw(unsigned long addr, void *buffer, int count)
+{
+ u16 *buf = buffer;
+ while (count--)
+ *buf++ = __raw_readw(addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+static inline void insl(unsigned long addr, void *buffer, int count)
+{
+ u32 *buf = buffer;
+ while (count--)
+ *buf++ = __raw_readl(addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+static inline void outsb(unsigned long addr, const void *buffer, int count)
+{
+ const u8 *buf = buffer;
+ while (count--)
+ __raw_writeb(*buf++, addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+static inline void outsw(unsigned long addr, const void *buffer, int count)
+{
+ const u16 *buf = buffer;
+ while (count--)
+ __raw_writew(*buf++, addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+static inline void outsl(unsigned long addr, const void *buffer, int count)
+{
+ const u32 *buf = buffer;
+ while (count--)
+ __raw_writel(*buf++, addr + PCI_IOBASE);
+}
+
+#define insb_p(port,to,len) insb(port,to,len)
+#define insw_p(port,to,len) insw(port,to,len)
+#define insl_p(port,to,len) insl(port,to,len)
+
+#define outsb_p(port,from,len) outsb(port,from,len)
+#define outsw_p(port,from,len) outsw(port,from,len)
+#define outsl_p(port,from,len) outsl(port,from,len)
+
+/*
+ * String version of I/O memory access operations.
+ */
+extern void __memcpy_fromio(void *, const volatile void __iomem *, size_t);
+extern void __memcpy_toio(volatile void __iomem *, const void *, size_t);
+extern void __memset_io(volatile void __iomem *, int, size_t);
+
+#define memset_io(c,v,l) __memset_io((c),(v),(l))
+#define memcpy_fromio(a,c,l) __memcpy_fromio((a),(c),(l))
+#define memcpy_toio(c,a,l) __memcpy_toio((c),(a),(l))
+
+/*
+ * I/O memory mapping functions.
+ */
+extern void __iomem *__ioremap(phys_addr_t phys_addr, size_t size, pgprot_t prot);
+extern void __iounmap(volatile void __iomem *addr);
+
+#define PROT_DEFAULT (PTE_TYPE_PAGE | PTE_AF | PTE_DIRTY)
+#define PROT_DEVICE_nGnRE (PROT_DEFAULT | PTE_XN | PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_DEVICE_nGnRE))
+#define PROT_NORMAL_NC (PROT_DEFAULT | PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_NC))
+
+#define ioremap(addr, size) __ioremap((addr), (size), PROT_DEVICE_nGnRE)
+#define ioremap_nocache(addr, size) __ioremap((addr), (size), PROT_DEVICE_nGnRE)
+#define ioremap_wc(addr, size) __ioremap((addr), (size), PROT_NORMAL_NC)
+#define iounmap __iounmap
+
+#define ARCH_HAS_IOREMAP_WC
+#include <asm-generic/iomap.h>
+
+/*
+ * More restrictive address range checking than the default implementation
+ * (PHYS_OFFSET and PHYS_MASK taken into account).
+ */
+#define ARCH_HAS_VALID_PHYS_ADDR_RANGE
+extern int valid_phys_addr_range(unsigned long addr, size_t size);
+extern int valid_mmap_phys_addr_range(unsigned long pfn, size_t size);
+
+extern int devmem_is_allowed(unsigned long pfn);
+
+/*
+ * Convert a physical pointer to a virtual kernel pointer for /dev/mem
+ * access
+ */
+#define xlate_dev_mem_ptr(p) __va(p)
+
+/*
+ * Convert a virtual cached pointer to an uncached pointer
+ */
+#define xlate_dev_kmem_ptr(p) p
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+#endif /* __ASM_IO_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/io.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/io.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7d37ead
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/io.c
@@ -0,0 +1,64 @@
+/*
+ * Based on arch/arm/kernel/io.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+
+/*
+ * Copy data from IO memory space to "real" memory space.
+ */
+void __memcpy_fromio(void *to, const volatile void __iomem *from, size_t count)
+{
+ unsigned char *t = to;
+ while (count) {
+ count--;
+ *t = readb(from);
+ t++;
+ from++;
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__memcpy_fromio);
+
+/*
+ * Copy data from "real" memory space to IO memory space.
+ */
+void __memcpy_toio(volatile void __iomem *to, const void *from, size_t count)
+{
+ const unsigned char *f = from;
+ while (count) {
+ count--;
+ writeb(*f, to);
+ f++;
+ to++;
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__memcpy_toio);
+
+/*
+ * "memset" on IO memory space.
+ */
+void __memset_io(volatile void __iomem *dst, int c, size_t count)
+{
+ while (count) {
+ count--;
+ writeb(c, dst);
+ dst++;
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__memset_io);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/ioremap.c b/arch/arm64/mm/ioremap.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1725cd6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/ioremap.c
@@ -0,0 +1,84 @@
+/*
+ * Based on arch/arm/mm/ioremap.c
+ *
+ * (C) Copyright 1995 1996 Linus Torvalds
+ * Hacked for ARM by Phil Blundell <philb@gnu.org>
+ * Hacked to allow all architectures to build, and various cleanups
+ * by Russell King
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+
+static void __iomem *__ioremap_caller(phys_addr_t phys_addr, size_t size,
+ pgprot_t prot, void *caller)
+{
+ unsigned long last_addr;
+ unsigned long offset = phys_addr & ~PAGE_MASK;
+ int err;
+ unsigned long addr;
+ struct vm_struct *area;
+
+ /*
+ * Page align the mapping address and size, taking account of any
+ * offset.
+ */
+ phys_addr &= PAGE_MASK;
+ size = PAGE_ALIGN(size + offset);
+
+ /*
+ * Don't allow wraparound, zero size or outside PHYS_MASK.
+ */
+ last_addr = phys_addr + size - 1;
+ if (!size || last_addr < phys_addr || (last_addr & ~PHYS_MASK))
+ return NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * Don't allow RAM to be mapped.
+ */
+ if (WARN_ON(pfn_valid(__phys_to_pfn(phys_addr))))
+ return NULL;
+
+ area = get_vm_area_caller(size, VM_IOREMAP, caller);
+ if (!area)
+ return NULL;
+ addr = (unsigned long)area->addr;
+
+ err = ioremap_page_range(addr, addr + size, phys_addr, prot);
+ if (err) {
+ vunmap((void *)addr);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ return (void __iomem *)(offset + addr);
+}
+
+void __iomem *__ioremap(phys_addr_t phys_addr, size_t size, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ return __ioremap_caller(phys_addr, size, prot,
+ __builtin_return_address(0));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__ioremap);
+
+void __iounmap(volatile void __iomem *io_addr)
+{
+ void *addr = (void *)(PAGE_MASK & (unsigned long)io_addr);
+
+ vunmap(addr);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__iounmap);


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