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Subject[ 06/40] dm raid1: fix crash with mirror recovery and discard
From: Greg KH <>

3.0-stable review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Mikulas Patocka <>

commit 751f188dd5ab95b3f2b5f2f467c38aae5a2877eb upstream.

This patch fixes a crash when a discard request is sent during mirror

Firstly, some background. Generally, the following sequence happens during
mirror synchronization:
- function do_recovery is called
- do_recovery calls dm_rh_recovery_prepare
- dm_rh_recovery_prepare uses a semaphore to limit the number
simultaneously recovered regions (by default the semaphore value is 1,
so only one region at a time is recovered)
- dm_rh_recovery_prepare calls __rh_recovery_prepare,
__rh_recovery_prepare asks the log driver for the next region to
recover. Then, it sets the region state to DM_RH_RECOVERING. If there
are no pending I/Os on this region, the region is added to
quiesced_regions list. If there are pending I/Os, the region is not
added to any list. It is added to the quiesced_regions list later (by
dm_rh_dec function) when all I/Os finish.
- when the region is on quiesced_regions list, there are no I/Os in
flight on this region. The region is popped from the list in
dm_rh_recovery_start function. Then, a kcopyd job is started in the
recover function.
- when the kcopyd job finishes, recovery_complete is called. It calls
dm_rh_recovery_end. dm_rh_recovery_end adds the region to
recovered_regions or failed_recovered_regions list (depending on
whether the copy operation was successful or not).

The above mechanism assumes that if the region is in DM_RH_RECOVERING
state, no new I/Os are started on this region. When I/O is started,
dm_rh_inc_pending is called, which increases reg->pending count. When
I/O is finished, dm_rh_dec is called. It decreases reg->pending count.
If the count is zero and the region was in DM_RH_RECOVERING state,
dm_rh_dec adds it to the quiesced_regions list.

Consequently, if we call dm_rh_inc_pending/dm_rh_dec while the region is
in DM_RH_RECOVERING state, it could be added to quiesced_regions list
multiple times or it could be added to this list when kcopyd is copying
data (it is assumed that the region is not on any list while kcopyd does
its jobs). This results in memory corruption and crash.

There already exist bypasses for REQ_FLUSH requests: REQ_FLUSH requests
do not belong to any region, so they are always added to the sync list
in do_writes. dm_rh_inc_pending does not increase count for REQ_FLUSH
requests. In mirror_end_io, dm_rh_dec is never called for REQ_FLUSH
requests. These bypasses avoid the crash possibility described above.

These bypasses were improperly implemented for REQ_DISCARD when
the mirror target gained discard support in commit
5fc2ffeabb9ee0fc0e71ff16b49f34f0ed3d05b4 (dm raid1: support discard).

In do_writes, REQ_DISCARD requests is always added to the sync queue and
immediately dispatched (even if the region is in DM_RH_RECOVERING). However,
dm_rh_inc and dm_rh_dec is called for REQ_DISCARD resusts. So it violates the
rule that no I/Os are started on DM_RH_RECOVERING regions, and causes the list
corruption described above.

This patch changes it so that REQ_DISCARD requests follow the same path
as REQ_FLUSH. This avoids the crash.


Signed-off-by: Mikulas Patocka <>
Signed-off-by: Alasdair G Kergon <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>

drivers/md/dm-raid1.c | 2 +-
drivers/md/dm-region-hash.c | 5 ++++-
2 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/md/dm-raid1.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-raid1.c
@@ -1210,7 +1210,7 @@ static int mirror_end_io(struct dm_targe
* We need to dec pending if this was a write.
if (rw == WRITE) {
- if (!(bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH))
+ if (!(bio->bi_rw & (REQ_FLUSH | REQ_DISCARD)))
dm_rh_dec(ms->rh, map_context->ll);
return error;
--- a/drivers/md/dm-region-hash.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-region-hash.c
@@ -404,6 +404,9 @@ void dm_rh_mark_nosync(struct dm_region_

+ if (bio->bi_rw & REQ_DISCARD)
+ return;
/* We must inform the log that the sync count has changed. */
log->type->set_region_sync(log, region, 0);

@@ -524,7 +527,7 @@ void dm_rh_inc_pending(struct dm_region_
struct bio *bio;

for (bio = bios->head; bio; bio = bio->bi_next) {
- if (bio->bi_rw & REQ_FLUSH)
+ if (bio->bi_rw & (REQ_FLUSH | REQ_DISCARD))
rh_inc(rh, dm_rh_bio_to_region(rh, bio));

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