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Subject[PATCH 6/7] kdb: Mark safe commands as KDB_SAFE and KDB_SAFE_NO_ARGS
Date
This patch introduces two new flags: KDB_SAFE, denotes a safe command,
and KDB_SAFE_NO_ARGS, denotes a safe command when used without arguments.

The word "safe" here used in the sense that the commands cannot be
used to leak sensitive data from the memory, and cannot be used
to change program flow in a predefined manner.

These flags will be used by the "kiosk" mode, i.e. when it is possible
for the ordinary user to enter the KDB (or user can get the access to
KDB after the crash), but we do not allow user to read dump the
memory [and thus read some sensitive data].

The following commands were marked as "safe":

Clear Breakpoint
Enable Breakpoint
Disable Breakpoint
Display exception frame
Stack traceback
Display stack for process
Display stack all processes
Backtrace current process on each cpu
Execute cmd for each element in linked list
Show environment variables
Set environment variables
Display Help Message
Switch to new cpu
Display active task list
Switch to another task
Reboot the machine immediately
List loaded kernel modules
Magic SysRq key
Display syslog buffer
Define a set of commands, down to endefcmd
Send a signal to a process
Summarize the system

The following commands were marked as safe when issued with no arguments:

Continue Execution

And the following commands are unsafe:

Continue Execution (with address argument)
Display Memory Contents
Display Raw Memory
Display Physical Memory
Display Memory Symbolically
Modify Memory Contents
Display Registers
Modify Registers
Backtrace process given its struct task address
Enter kgdb mode
Display per_cpu variables

Note that we mark "display registers" command unsafe, this is because
single stepping + constantly dumping registers in string or memory
functions can be used as a way to read sensitive data (it's actually
trivial to exploit). Later we can do a bit better, i.e. not displaying
general-purpose registers, but printing control registers.

Signed-off-by: Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org>
---
include/linux/kdb.h | 2 ++
kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_bp.c | 17 +++++++++--------
kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_main.c | 44 +++++++++++++++++++++----------------------
kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c | 2 +-
4 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/kdb.h b/include/linux/kdb.h
index d39d41d..36f6d09 100644
--- a/include/linux/kdb.h
+++ b/include/linux/kdb.h
@@ -35,6 +35,8 @@ extern atomic_t kdb_event;
typedef enum {
KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS = 0x1, /* Repeat the command w/o arguments */
KDB_REPEAT_WITH_ARGS = 0x2, /* Repeat the command w/ its arguments */
+ KDB_SAFE = 0x4, /* Security-wise safe command */
+ KDB_SAFE_NO_ARGS = 0x8, /* Only safe if run w/o arguments */
} kdb_cmdflags_t;

typedef int (*kdb_func_t)(int, const char **);
diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_bp.c b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_bp.c
index 928e9e9..b95ddf7 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_bp.c
+++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_bp.c
@@ -546,23 +546,24 @@ void __init kdb_initbptab(void)
bp->bp_free = 1;

kdb_register_flags("bp", kdb_bp, "[<vaddr>]",
- "Set/Display breakpoints", 0, KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS);
+ "Set/Display breakpoints", 0, KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS | KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("bl", kdb_bp, "[<vaddr>]",
- "Display breakpoints", 0, KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS);
+ "Display breakpoints", 0, KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS | KDB_SAFE);
if (arch_kgdb_ops.flags & KGDB_HW_BREAKPOINT)
kdb_register_flags("bph", kdb_bp, "[<vaddr>]",
- "[datar [length]|dataw [length]] Set hw brk", 0, KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS);
+ "[datar [length]|dataw [length]] Set hw brk", 0,
+ KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS | KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("bc", kdb_bc, "<bpnum>",
- "Clear Breakpoint", 0, 0);
+ "Clear Breakpoint", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("be", kdb_bc, "<bpnum>",
- "Enable Breakpoint", 0, 0);
+ "Enable Breakpoint", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("bd", kdb_bc, "<bpnum>",
- "Disable Breakpoint", 0, 0);
+ "Disable Breakpoint", 0, KDB_SAFE);

kdb_register_flags("ss", kdb_ss, "",
- "Single Step", 1, KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS);
+ "Single Step", 1, KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS | KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("ssb", kdb_ss, "",
- "Single step to branch/call", 0, KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS);
+ "Single step to branch/call", 0, KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS | KDB_SAFE);
/*
* Architecture dependent initialization.
*/
diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_main.c b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_main.c
index 21e58fb..1bb18e6 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_main.c
+++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_main.c
@@ -2830,66 +2830,66 @@ static void __init kdb_inittab(void)
kdb_register_flags("mm", kdb_mm, "<vaddr> <contents>",
"Modify Memory Contents", 0, KDB_REPEAT_NO_ARGS);
kdb_register_flags("go", kdb_go, "[<vaddr>]",
- "Continue Execution", 1, 0);
+ "Continue Execution", 1, KDB_SAFE_NO_ARGS);
kdb_register_flags("rd", kdb_rd, "",
"Display Registers", 0, 0);
kdb_register_flags("rm", kdb_rm, "<reg> <contents>",
"Modify Registers", 0, 0);
kdb_register_flags("ef", kdb_ef, "<vaddr>",
- "Display exception frame", 0, 0);
+ "Display exception frame", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("bt", kdb_bt, "[<vaddr>]",
- "Stack traceback", 1, 0);
+ "Stack traceback", 1, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("btp", kdb_bt, "<pid>",
- "Display stack for process <pid>", 0, 0);
+ "Display stack for process <pid>", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("bta", kdb_bt, "[DRSTCZEUIMA]",
- "Display stack all processes", 0, 0);
+ "Display stack all processes", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("btc", kdb_bt, "",
- "Backtrace current process on each cpu", 0, 0);
+ "Backtrace current process on each cpu", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("btt", kdb_bt, "<vaddr>",
"Backtrace process given its struct task address", 0,
0);
kdb_register_flags("ll", kdb_ll, "<first-element> <linkoffset> <cmd>",
- "Execute cmd for each element in linked list", 0, 0);
+ "Execute cmd for each element in linked list", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("env", kdb_env, "",
- "Show environment variables", 0, 0);
+ "Show environment variables", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("set", kdb_set, "",
- "Set environment variables", 0, 0);
+ "Set environment variables", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("help", kdb_help, "",
- "Display Help Message", 1, 0);
+ "Display Help Message", 1, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("?", kdb_help, "",
- "Display Help Message", 0, 0);
+ "Display Help Message", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("cpu", kdb_cpu, "<cpunum>",
- "Switch to new cpu", 0, 0);
+ "Switch to new cpu", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("kgdb", kdb_kgdb, "",
"Enter kgdb mode", 0, 0);
kdb_register_flags("ps", kdb_ps, "[<flags>|A]",
- "Display active task list", 0, 0);
+ "Display active task list", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("pid", kdb_pid, "<pidnum>",
- "Switch to another task", 0, 0);
+ "Switch to another task", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("reboot", kdb_reboot, "",
- "Reboot the machine immediately", 0, 0);
+ "Reboot the machine immediately", 0, KDB_SAFE);
#if defined(CONFIG_MODULES)
kdb_register_flags("lsmod", kdb_lsmod, "",
- "List loaded kernel modules", 0, 0);
+ "List loaded kernel modules", 0, KDB_SAFE);
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ)
kdb_register_flags("sr", kdb_sr, "<key>",
- "Magic SysRq key", 0, 0);
+ "Magic SysRq key", 0, KDB_SAFE);
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_PRINTK)
kdb_register_flags("dmesg", kdb_dmesg, "[lines]",
- "Display syslog buffer", 0, 0);
+ "Display syslog buffer", 0, KDB_SAFE);
#endif
kdb_register_flags("defcmd", kdb_defcmd, "name \"usage\" \"help\"",
- "Define a set of commands, down to endefcmd", 0, 0);
+ "Define a set of commands, down to endefcmd", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("kill", kdb_kill, "<-signal> <pid>",
- "Send a signal to a process", 0, 0);
+ "Send a signal to a process", 0, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("summary", kdb_summary, "",
- "Summarize the system", 4, 0);
+ "Summarize the system", 4, KDB_SAFE);
kdb_register_flags("per_cpu", kdb_per_cpu, "<sym> [<bytes>] [<cpu>]",
"Display per_cpu variables", 3, 0);
kdb_register_flags("grephelp", kdb_grep_help, "",
- "Display help on | grep", 0, 0);
+ "Display help on | grep", 0, KDB_SAFE);
}

/* Execute any commands defined in kdb_cmds. */
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c b/kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c
index 1b68177..8353852 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_kdb.c
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ static int kdb_ftdump(int argc, const char **argv)
static __init int kdb_ftrace_register(void)
{
kdb_register_flags("ftdump", kdb_ftdump, "[skip_#lines] [cpu]",
- "Dump ftrace log", 0, 0);
+ "Dump ftrace log", 0, KDB_SAFE);
return 0;
}

--
1.7.10.4


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