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Subject[PATCH 21/34] kswapd: assign new_order and new_classzone_idx after wakeup in sleeping
From: "Alex,Shi" <>

commit d2ebd0f6b89567eb93ead4e2ca0cbe03021f344b upstream.

Stable note: Fixes This
patch reduces kswapd CPU usage.

There 2 places to read pgdat in kswapd. One is return from a successful
balance, another is waked up from kswapd sleeping. The new_order and
new_classzone_idx represent the balance input order and classzone_idx.

But current new_order and new_classzone_idx are not assigned after
kswapd_try_to_sleep(), that will cause a bug in the following scenario.

1: after a successful balance, kswapd goes to sleep, and new_order = 0;
new_classzone_idx = __MAX_NR_ZONES - 1;

2: kswapd waked up with order = 3 and classzone_idx = ZONE_NORMAL

3: in the balance_pgdat() running, a new balance wakeup happened with
order = 5, and classzone_idx = ZONE_NORMAL

4: the first wakeup(order = 3) finished successufly, return order = 3
but, the new_order is still 0, so, this balancing will be treated as a
failed balance. And then the second tighter balancing will be missed.

So, to avoid the above problem, the new_order and new_classzone_idx need
to be assigned for later successful comparison.

Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <>
Tested-by: Pádraig Brady <>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <>
mm/vmscan.c | 2 ++
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index bf85e4d..b8c1fc0 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -2905,6 +2905,8 @@ static int kswapd(void *p)
order = pgdat->kswapd_max_order;
classzone_idx = pgdat->classzone_idx;
+ new_order = order;
+ new_classzone_idx = classzone_idx;
pgdat->kswapd_max_order = 0;
pgdat->classzone_idx = pgdat->nr_zones - 1;
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