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SubjectRe: [PATCH RESEND] fs: Move bh_cachep to the __read_mostly section
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On Sunday 10 June 2012 12:36:52 Vlad Zolotarov wrote:
> On Thursday 07 June 2012 17:07:21 Andrew Morton wrote:
> > On Mon, 28 May 2012 14:58:42 +0300
> >
> > Vlad Zolotarov <vlad@scalemp.com> wrote:
> > > From: Shai Fultheim <shai@scalemp.com>
> > >
> > > bh_cachep is only written to once on initialization, so move it to the
> > > __read_mostly section.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Shai Fultheim <shai@scalemp.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Vlad Zolotarov <vlad@scalemp.com>
> > > ---
> > >
> > > fs/buffer.c | 2 +-
> > > 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/fs/buffer.c b/fs/buffer.c
> > > index ad5938c..838a9cf 100644
> > > --- a/fs/buffer.c
> > > +++ b/fs/buffer.c
> > > @@ -3152,7 +3152,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(bdflush, int, func, long, data)
> > >
> > > /*
> > >
> > > * Buffer-head allocation
> > > */
> > >
> > > -static struct kmem_cache *bh_cachep;
> > > +static struct kmem_cache *bh_cachep __read_mostly;
> >
> > hm, I thought I replied to this earlier, but I can't find that email.
> >
> > Yes, bh_cachep is read-mostly. In fact it's write-once. But the same
> > is true of all kmem_cache*'s. I don't see any particular reason for
> > singling out bh_cachep.
> >
> >
> > Alas, I don't see a smart way of addressing this. It's either a
> > patchset which adds __read_mostly to all kmem_cache*'s, or a patchset
> > which converts all the definitions to use some nasty macro which
> > inserts the __read_mostly.
>
> Well, it may be done. However my ability to properly check it is limited as
> I have only a certain number of systems to check it on. I can create the
> patch, test it in our labs and post it on this mailing list with request to
> test it on other platforms (like non-x86 platforms). However we may also
> hit the problem u describe below if do so...
>
> > And I still have theoretical concerns with __read_mostly. As we
> > further sort the storage into read-mostly and write-often sections, the
> > density of writes in the write-mostly section increases. IOW, removing
> > the read-mostly padding *increase* cross-CPU traffic in the write-often
> > scction. IOW2, leaving the read-mostly stuff where it is provides
> > beneficial padding to the write-often fields. I don't think it has
> > been shown that there will be net gains.
>
> Great explanation! The above actually nicely concludes (maybe u haven't
> actually meant that ;)) why defining write-mostly section(s) is pointless.
> ;)
>
> This is a main topic of this (http://markmail.org/thread/wl4lnjluroqxgabf)
> thread between me and Ingo.
>
> However there is a clear motivation to define a read-mostly section(s) just
> the same way there is a motivation to put constants separately from non-
> constant variables which I don't think anybody argues about. ;)
>
> On the other hand, generally speaking, if we "complete the task" and put ALL
> read-mostly variables into a separate section all the variables that would
> be left will actually represent the write-mostly section, which we would
> prefer not to have (according to u). Yet we are still far from it today...
> ;)
>
> Unfortunately, we can't consider all types of bad C-code then we define
> something like "const" or "__read_mostly". We do our best. And if someone
> haven't defined a per-CPU write-mostly variable in order to prevent heavy
> cross-CPU traffic in his/her code (like in your example above) we can only
> try to fix this code. But I don't think that the existence of such code
> shell imply that the whole idea of __read_mostly section is actually bad or
> useless. It's this bad C-code that should be fixed and IMHO padding the
> variables with constants is not the proper way to fix it...
>
> That's why I think it could be dangerous to go ahead and patch all variables
> of a certain sort (like kmem_cache*'s) with __read_mostly as we may mess
> the things up in some places (like in your example above) where there
> should be done a deeper code analysis than just pattern matching.
>
> So, getting back to the first section of my reply, do u still think we want
> to patch all kmem_cache*'s with __read_mostly this time or we would prefer
> this to be done incrementally in order to have better regression-ability?
>
> Pls., comment.

Andrew, could u., pls., update what should be our next steps concerning this
patch?

thanks,
vlad

>
> thanks in advance,
> vlad
>
>
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