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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] virtio-blk: Add bio-based IO path for virtio-blk
On 07/02/2012 07:54 AM, Rusty Russell wrote:
> On Tue, 19 Jun 2012 10:51:18 +0800, Asias He <> wrote:
>> On 06/18/2012 07:39 PM, Sasha Levin wrote:
>>> On Mon, 2012-06-18 at 14:14 +0300, Dor Laor wrote:
>>>> On 06/18/2012 01:05 PM, Rusty Russell wrote:
>>>>> On Mon, 18 Jun 2012 16:03:23 +0800, Asias He<> wrote:
>>>>>> On 06/18/2012 03:46 PM, Rusty Russell wrote:
>>>>>>> On Mon, 18 Jun 2012 14:53:10 +0800, Asias He<> wrote:
>>>>>>>> This patch introduces bio-based IO path for virtio-blk.
>>>>>>> Why make it optional?
>>>>>> request-based IO path is useful for users who do not want to bypass the
>>>>>> IO scheduler in guest kernel, e.g. users using spinning disk. For users
>>>>>> using fast disk device, e.g. SSD device, they can use bio-based IO path.
>>>>> Users using a spinning disk still get IO scheduling in the host though.
>>>>> What benefit is there in doing it in the guest as well?
>>>> The io scheduler waits for requests to merge and thus batch IOs
>>>> together. It's not important w.r.t spinning disks since the host can do
>>>> it but it causes much less vmexits which is the key issue for VMs.
>>> Is the amount of exits caused by virtio-blk significant at all with
>> Yes. EVENT_IDX saves the number of notify and interrupt. Let's take the
>> interrupt as an example, The guest fires 200K request to host, the
>> number of interrupt is about 6K thanks to EVENT_IDX. The ratio is 200K /
>> 6K = 33. The ratio of merging is 40000K / 200K = 20.
> Confused. So, without merging we get 6k exits (per second?) How many
> do we get when we use the request-based IO path?

Sorry for the confusion. The numbers were collected from request-based
IO path where we can have the guest block layer merge the requests.

With the same workload in guest, the guest fires 200K requests to host
with merges enabled in guest (echo 0 > /sys/block/vdb/queue/nomerges),
while the guest fires 40000K requests to host with merges disabled in
guest (echo 2 > /sys/block/vdb/queue/nomerges). This show that the merge
in block layer reduces the total number of requests fire to host a lot
(40000K / 200K = 20).

The guest fires 200K requests to host with merges enabled in guest (echo
0 > /sys/block/vdb/queue/nomerges), the host fires 6K interrupts in
total for the 200K requests. This show that the ratio of interrupts
coalesced (200K / 6K = 33).

> If your device is slow, then you won't be able to make many requests per
> second: why worry about exit costs?

If a device is slow, the merge would merge more requests and reduce the
total number of requests to host. This saves exit costs, no?

> If your device is fast (eg. ram),
> you've already shown that your patch is a win, right?

Yes. Both on ramdisk and fast SSD device (e.g. FusionIO).


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