lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2012]   [Jun]   [30]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH v11] MTD: LPC32xx MLC NAND driver
Date
This patch adds a driver for the MLC NAND controller of the LPC32xx SoC.

Signed-off-by: Roland Stigge <stigge@antcom.de>

---
Applies to l2-mtd
Changes since v10:
* Don't select AMBA_PL08X
* unsigned -> int wp_gpio; for evaluation of error codes
* Don't initialize static int use_dma with zero
* lpc32xx_nand_setup(): remove unused variable sr
* Only use dma setup/release on use_dma
* lpc32xx_write_page_lowlevel(): Fix unused dma_buf
* Added dummy_buf for dummy page reads

Changes since v9:
* Adjusted to API change in l2-mtd (write function returns int now)

Changes since v8:
* Use of_get_named_gpio() instead of of_get_named_gpio_flags()
* probe() returns -EPROBE_DEFER if wp_gpio is deferred from of_get_named_gpio()

Changes since v7:
* Cleanup: Use mtd nand default functions for single byte read and write
operations
* Support more chips by removing fixed page size and calculating mlc subpages
from chip data

Changes since v6:
* Kconfig: select amba dma driver
* Make wp_gpio optional by ignoring gpio if property is missing

Changes since v5:
* Renamed: lpc32xx_nand_mlc.c -> lpc32xx_mlc.c

Changes since v4:
* This patch erroneously changed Kconfig of the _other_ NAND (SLC) driver from
"bool" to "tristate". Moved this fix to the actual SLC driver patch.

Changes since v3:
* Dropped superfluous error handling of dmaengine_submit()
* Added unmapping of dma sg buffers

Changes since v2:
* Adjusted to mtd API changes

Changes since v1:
* Factored out dmaengine_slave_config() to dma_setup() function in probe()
* Fixed dma data direction and dma transfer direction differences
* Removed dma_sync_sg_for_cpu() - not necessary due to unmap
* Removed dma_set_mask()

Thanks to Alexandre Pereira da Silva, Artem Bityutskiy and Russell King for
reviewing, testing and improvements!

.../devicetree/bindings/mtd/lpc32xx-mlc.txt | 50 ++
drivers/mtd/nand/Kconfig | 11 +
drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/mtd/nand/lpc32xx_mlc.c | 936 ++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 998 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/lpc32xx-mlc.txt
create mode 100644 drivers/mtd/nand/lpc32xx_mlc.c
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/lpc32xx-mlc.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/lpc32xx-mlc.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d0a3725
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/lpc32xx-mlc.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,50 @@
+NXP LPC32xx SoC NAND MLC controller
+
+Required properties:
+- compatible: "nxp,lpc3220-mlc"
+- reg: Address and size of the controller
+- interrupts: The NAND interrupt specification
+- gpios: GPIO specification for NAND write protect
+
+The following required properties are very controller specific. See the LPC32xx
+User Manual 7.5.14 MLC NAND Timing Register (the values here are specified in
+Hz, to make them independent of actual clock speed and to provide for good
+accuracy:)
+- nxp,tcea_delay: TCEA_DELAY
+- nxp,busy_delay: BUSY_DELAY
+- nxp,nand_ta: NAND_TA
+- nxp,rd_high: RD_HIGH
+- nxp,rd_low: RD_LOW
+- nxp,wr_high: WR_HIGH
+- nxp,wr_low: WR_LOW
+
+Optional subnodes:
+- Partitions, see Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/partition.txt
+
+Example:
+
+ mlc: flash@200A8000 {
+ compatible = "nxp,lpc3220-mlc";
+ reg = <0x200A8000 0x11000>;
+ interrupts = <11 0>;
+ #address-cells = <1>;
+ #size-cells = <1>;
+
+ nxp,tcea-delay = <333333333>;
+ nxp,busy-delay = <10000000>;
+ nxp,nand-ta = <18181818>;
+ nxp,rd-high = <31250000>;
+ nxp,rd-low = <45454545>;
+ nxp,wr-high = <40000000>;
+ nxp,wr-low = <83333333>;
+ gpios = <&gpio 5 19 1>; /* GPO_P3 19, active low */
+
+ mtd0@00000000 {
+ label = "boot";
+ reg = <0x00000000 0x00064000>;
+ read-only;
+ };
+
+ ...
+
+ };
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/Kconfig b/drivers/mtd/nand/Kconfig
index de69978..64c3a29 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/Kconfig
@@ -425,6 +425,17 @@ config MTD_NAND_SLC_LPC32XX
Please check the actual NAND chip connected and its support
by the SLC NAND controller.

+config MTD_NAND_MLC_LPC32XX
+ tristate "NXP LPC32xx MLC Controller"
+ depends on ARCH_LPC32XX
+ help
+ Uses the LPC32XX MLC (i.e. for Multi Level Cell chips) NAND
+ controller. This is the default for the WORK92105 controller
+ board.
+
+ Please check the actual NAND chip connected and its support
+ by the MLC NAND controller.
+
config MTD_NAND_CM_X270
tristate "Support for NAND Flash on CM-X270 modules"
depends on MACH_ARMCORE
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile b/drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile
index d29a893..ddee818 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/Makefile
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_FSL_ELBC) += fsl_elbc_nand.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_FSL_IFC) += fsl_ifc_nand.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_FSL_UPM) += fsl_upm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_SLC_LPC32XX) += lpc32xx_slc.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_MLC_LPC32XX) += lpc32xx_mlc.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_SH_FLCTL) += sh_flctl.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_MXC) += mxc_nand.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MTD_NAND_SOCRATES) += socrates_nand.o
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/lpc32xx_mlc.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/lpc32xx_mlc.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..09923ff
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/lpc32xx_mlc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,936 @@
+/*
+ * Driver for NAND MLC Controller in LPC32xx
+ *
+ * Author: Roland Stigge <stigge@antcom.de>
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 WORK Microwave GmbH
+ * Copyright (C) 2011, 2012 Roland Stigge
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *
+ * NAND Flash Controller Operation:
+ * - Read: Auto Decode
+ * - Write: Auto Encode
+ * - Tested Page Sizes: 2048, 4096
+ */
+
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/mtd.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/nand.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/partitions.h>
+#include <linux/clk.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/completion.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/of_mtd.h>
+#include <linux/of_gpio.h>
+#include <linux/amba/pl08x.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
+#include <linux/dmaengine.h>
+#include <linux/mtd/nand_ecc.h>
+
+#define DRV_NAME "lpc32xx_mlc"
+
+/**********************************************************************
+* MLC NAND controller register offsets
+**********************************************************************/
+
+#define MLC_BUFF(x) (x + 0x00000)
+#define MLC_DATA(x) (x + 0x08000)
+#define MLC_CMD(x) (x + 0x10000)
+#define MLC_ADDR(x) (x + 0x10004)
+#define MLC_ECC_ENC_REG(x) (x + 0x10008)
+#define MLC_ECC_DEC_REG(x) (x + 0x1000C)
+#define MLC_ECC_AUTO_ENC_REG(x) (x + 0x10010)
+#define MLC_ECC_AUTO_DEC_REG(x) (x + 0x10014)
+#define MLC_RPR(x) (x + 0x10018)
+#define MLC_WPR(x) (x + 0x1001C)
+#define MLC_RUBP(x) (x + 0x10020)
+#define MLC_ROBP(x) (x + 0x10024)
+#define MLC_SW_WP_ADD_LOW(x) (x + 0x10028)
+#define MLC_SW_WP_ADD_HIG(x) (x + 0x1002C)
+#define MLC_ICR(x) (x + 0x10030)
+#define MLC_TIME_REG(x) (x + 0x10034)
+#define MLC_IRQ_MR(x) (x + 0x10038)
+#define MLC_IRQ_SR(x) (x + 0x1003C)
+#define MLC_LOCK_PR(x) (x + 0x10044)
+#define MLC_ISR(x) (x + 0x10048)
+#define MLC_CEH(x) (x + 0x1004C)
+
+/**********************************************************************
+* MLC_CMD bit definitions
+**********************************************************************/
+#define MLCCMD_RESET 0xFF
+
+/**********************************************************************
+* MLC_ICR bit definitions
+**********************************************************************/
+#define MLCICR_WPROT (1 << 3)
+#define MLCICR_LARGEBLOCK (1 << 2)
+#define MLCICR_LONGADDR (1 << 1)
+#define MLCICR_16BIT (1 << 0) /* unsupported by LPC32x0! */
+
+/**********************************************************************
+* MLC_TIME_REG bit definitions
+**********************************************************************/
+#define MLCTIMEREG_TCEA_DELAY(n) (((n) & 0x03) << 24)
+#define MLCTIMEREG_BUSY_DELAY(n) (((n) & 0x1F) << 19)
+#define MLCTIMEREG_NAND_TA(n) (((n) & 0x07) << 16)
+#define MLCTIMEREG_RD_HIGH(n) (((n) & 0x0F) << 12)
+#define MLCTIMEREG_RD_LOW(n) (((n) & 0x0F) << 8)
+#define MLCTIMEREG_WR_HIGH(n) (((n) & 0x0F) << 4)
+#define MLCTIMEREG_WR_LOW(n) (((n) & 0x0F) << 0)
+
+/**********************************************************************
+* MLC_IRQ_MR and MLC_IRQ_SR bit definitions
+**********************************************************************/
+#define MLCIRQ_NAND_READY (1 << 5)
+#define MLCIRQ_CONTROLLER_READY (1 << 4)
+#define MLCIRQ_DECODE_FAILURE (1 << 3)
+#define MLCIRQ_DECODE_ERROR (1 << 2)
+#define MLCIRQ_ECC_READY (1 << 1)
+#define MLCIRQ_WRPROT_FAULT (1 << 0)
+
+/**********************************************************************
+* MLC_LOCK_PR bit definitions
+**********************************************************************/
+#define MLCLOCKPR_MAGIC 0xA25E
+
+/**********************************************************************
+* MLC_ISR bit definitions
+**********************************************************************/
+#define MLCISR_DECODER_FAILURE (1 << 6)
+#define MLCISR_ERRORS ((1 << 4) | (1 << 5))
+#define MLCISR_ERRORS_DETECTED (1 << 3)
+#define MLCISR_ECC_READY (1 << 2)
+#define MLCISR_CONTROLLER_READY (1 << 1)
+#define MLCISR_NAND_READY (1 << 0)
+
+/**********************************************************************
+* MLC_CEH bit definitions
+**********************************************************************/
+#define MLCCEH_NORMAL (1 << 0)
+
+struct lpc32xx_nand_cfg_mlc {
+ u32 tcea_delay;
+ u32 busy_delay;
+ u32 nand_ta;
+ u32 rd_high;
+ u32 rd_low;
+ u32 wr_high;
+ u32 wr_low;
+ int wp_gpio;
+ struct mtd_partition *parts;
+ unsigned num_parts;
+};
+
+static struct nand_ecclayout lpc32xx_nand_oob = {
+ .eccbytes = 40,
+ .eccpos = { 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
+ 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31,
+ 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47,
+ 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63 },
+ .oobfree = {
+ { .offset = 0,
+ .length = 6, },
+ { .offset = 16,
+ .length = 6, },
+ { .offset = 32,
+ .length = 6, },
+ { .offset = 48,
+ .length = 6, },
+ },
+};
+
+static struct nand_bbt_descr lpc32xx_nand_bbt = {
+ .options = NAND_BBT_ABSPAGE | NAND_BBT_2BIT | NAND_BBT_NO_OOB |
+ NAND_BBT_WRITE,
+ .pages = { 524224, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 },
+};
+
+static struct nand_bbt_descr lpc32xx_nand_bbt_mirror = {
+ .options = NAND_BBT_ABSPAGE | NAND_BBT_2BIT | NAND_BBT_NO_OOB |
+ NAND_BBT_WRITE,
+ .pages = { 524160, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 },
+};
+
+struct lpc32xx_nand_host {
+ struct nand_chip nand_chip;
+ struct clk *clk;
+ struct mtd_info mtd;
+ void __iomem *io_base;
+ int irq;
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_cfg_mlc *ncfg;
+ struct completion comp_nand;
+ struct completion comp_controller;
+ uint32_t llptr;
+ /*
+ * Physical addresses of ECC buffer, DMA data buffers, OOB data buffer
+ */
+ dma_addr_t oob_buf_phy;
+ /*
+ * Virtual addresses of ECC buffer, DMA data buffers, OOB data buffer
+ */
+ uint8_t *oob_buf;
+ /* Physical address of DMA base address */
+ dma_addr_t io_base_phy;
+
+ struct completion comp_dma;
+ struct dma_chan *dma_chan;
+ struct dma_slave_config dma_slave_config;
+ struct scatterlist sgl;
+ u8 *dma_buf;
+ u8 *dummy_buf;
+ int mlcsubpages; /* number of 512bytes-subpages */
+};
+
+/*
+ * Activate/Deactivate DMA Operation:
+ *
+ * Using the PL080 DMA Controller for transferring the 512 byte subpages
+ * instead of doing readl() / writel() in a loop slows it down significantly.
+ * Measurements via getnstimeofday() upon 512 byte subpage reads reveal:
+ *
+ * - readl() of 128 x 32 bits in a loop: ~20us
+ * - DMA read of 512 bytes (32 bit, 4...128 words bursts): ~60us
+ * - DMA read of 512 bytes (32 bit, no bursts): ~100us
+ *
+ * This applies to the transfer itself. In the DMA case: only the
+ * wait_for_completion() (DMA setup _not_ included).
+ *
+ * Note that the 512 bytes subpage transfer is done directly from/to a
+ * FIFO/buffer inside the NAND controller. Most of the time (~400-800us for a
+ * 2048 bytes page) is spent waiting for the NAND IRQ, anyway. (The NAND
+ * controller transferring data between its internal buffer to/from the NAND
+ * chip.)
+ *
+ * Therefore, using the PL080 DMA is disabled by default, for now.
+ *
+ */
+static int use_dma;
+
+static void lpc32xx_nand_setup(struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host)
+{
+ u32 clkrate, tmp;
+
+ /* Reset MLC controller */
+ writel(MLCCMD_RESET, MLC_CMD(host->io_base));
+ udelay(1000);
+
+ /* Get base clock for MLC block */
+ clkrate = clk_get_rate(host->clk);
+ if (clkrate == 0)
+ clkrate = 104000000;
+
+ /* Unlock MLC_ICR
+ * (among others, will be locked again automatically) */
+ writew(MLCLOCKPR_MAGIC, MLC_LOCK_PR(host->io_base));
+
+ /* Configure MLC Controller: Large Block, 5 Byte Address */
+ tmp = MLCICR_LARGEBLOCK | MLCICR_LONGADDR;
+ writel(tmp, MLC_ICR(host->io_base));
+
+ /* Unlock MLC_TIME_REG
+ * (among others, will be locked again automatically) */
+ writew(MLCLOCKPR_MAGIC, MLC_LOCK_PR(host->io_base));
+
+ /* Compute clock setup values, see LPC and NAND manual */
+ tmp = 0;
+ tmp |= MLCTIMEREG_TCEA_DELAY(clkrate / host->ncfg->tcea_delay + 1);
+ tmp |= MLCTIMEREG_BUSY_DELAY(clkrate / host->ncfg->busy_delay + 1);
+ tmp |= MLCTIMEREG_NAND_TA(clkrate / host->ncfg->nand_ta + 1);
+ tmp |= MLCTIMEREG_RD_HIGH(clkrate / host->ncfg->rd_high + 1);
+ tmp |= MLCTIMEREG_RD_LOW(clkrate / host->ncfg->rd_low);
+ tmp |= MLCTIMEREG_WR_HIGH(clkrate / host->ncfg->wr_high + 1);
+ tmp |= MLCTIMEREG_WR_LOW(clkrate / host->ncfg->wr_low);
+ writel(tmp, MLC_TIME_REG(host->io_base));
+
+ /* Enable IRQ for CONTROLLER_READY and NAND_READY */
+ writeb(MLCIRQ_CONTROLLER_READY | MLCIRQ_NAND_READY,
+ MLC_IRQ_MR(host->io_base));
+
+ /* Normal nCE operation: nCE controlled by controller */
+ writel(MLCCEH_NORMAL, MLC_CEH(host->io_base));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Hardware specific access to control lines
+ */
+static void lpc32xx_nand_cmd_ctrl(struct mtd_info *mtd, int cmd,
+ unsigned int ctrl)
+{
+ struct nand_chip *nand_chip = mtd->priv;
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = nand_chip->priv;
+
+ if (cmd != NAND_CMD_NONE) {
+ if (ctrl & NAND_CLE)
+ writel(cmd, MLC_CMD(host->io_base));
+ else
+ writel(cmd, MLC_ADDR(host->io_base));
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Read Device Ready (NAND device _and_ controller ready)
+ */
+static int lpc32xx_nand_device_ready(struct mtd_info *mtd)
+{
+ struct nand_chip *nand_chip = mtd->priv;
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = nand_chip->priv;
+
+ if ((readb(MLC_ISR(host->io_base)) &
+ (MLCISR_CONTROLLER_READY | MLCISR_NAND_READY)) ==
+ (MLCISR_CONTROLLER_READY | MLCISR_NAND_READY))
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static irqreturn_t lpc3xxx_nand_irq(int irq, struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host)
+{
+ uint8_t sr;
+
+ /* Clear interrupt flag by reading status */
+ sr = readb(MLC_IRQ_SR(host->io_base));
+ if (sr & MLCIRQ_NAND_READY)
+ complete(&host->comp_nand);
+ if (sr & MLCIRQ_CONTROLLER_READY)
+ complete(&host->comp_controller);
+
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_waitfunc_nand(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip)
+{
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = chip->priv;
+
+ if (readb(MLC_ISR(host->io_base)) & MLCISR_NAND_READY)
+ goto exit;
+
+ wait_for_completion(&host->comp_nand);
+
+ while (!(readb(MLC_ISR(host->io_base)) & MLCISR_NAND_READY)) {
+ /* Seems to be delayed sometimes by controller */
+ dev_dbg(&mtd->dev, "Warning: NAND not ready.\n");
+ cpu_relax();
+ }
+
+exit:
+ return NAND_STATUS_READY;
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_waitfunc_controller(struct mtd_info *mtd,
+ struct nand_chip *chip)
+{
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = chip->priv;
+
+ if (readb(MLC_ISR(host->io_base)) & MLCISR_CONTROLLER_READY)
+ goto exit;
+
+ wait_for_completion(&host->comp_controller);
+
+ while (!(readb(MLC_ISR(host->io_base)) &
+ MLCISR_CONTROLLER_READY)) {
+ dev_dbg(&mtd->dev, "Warning: Controller not ready.\n");
+ cpu_relax();
+ }
+
+exit:
+ return NAND_STATUS_READY;
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_waitfunc(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip)
+{
+ lpc32xx_waitfunc_nand(mtd, chip);
+ lpc32xx_waitfunc_controller(mtd, chip);
+
+ return NAND_STATUS_READY;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Enable NAND write protect
+ */
+static void lpc32xx_wp_enable(struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host)
+{
+ if (gpio_is_valid(host->ncfg->wp_gpio))
+ gpio_set_value(host->ncfg->wp_gpio, 0);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Disable NAND write protect
+ */
+static void lpc32xx_wp_disable(struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host)
+{
+ if (gpio_is_valid(host->ncfg->wp_gpio))
+ gpio_set_value(host->ncfg->wp_gpio, 1);
+}
+
+static void lpc32xx_dma_complete_func(void *completion)
+{
+ complete(completion);
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_xmit_dma(struct mtd_info *mtd, void *mem, int len,
+ enum dma_transfer_direction dir)
+{
+ struct nand_chip *chip = mtd->priv;
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = chip->priv;
+ struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *desc;
+ int flags = DMA_CTRL_ACK | DMA_PREP_INTERRUPT;
+ int res;
+
+ sg_init_one(&host->sgl, mem, len);
+
+ res = dma_map_sg(host->dma_chan->device->dev, &host->sgl, 1,
+ DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL);
+ if (res != 1) {
+ dev_err(mtd->dev.parent, "Failed to map sg list\n");
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+ desc = dmaengine_prep_slave_sg(host->dma_chan, &host->sgl, 1, dir,
+ flags);
+ if (!desc) {
+ dev_err(mtd->dev.parent, "Failed to prepare slave sg\n");
+ goto out1;
+ }
+
+ init_completion(&host->comp_dma);
+ desc->callback = lpc32xx_dma_complete_func;
+ desc->callback_param = &host->comp_dma;
+
+ dmaengine_submit(desc);
+ dma_async_issue_pending(host->dma_chan);
+
+ wait_for_completion_timeout(&host->comp_dma, msecs_to_jiffies(1000));
+
+ dma_unmap_sg(host->dma_chan->device->dev, &host->sgl, 1,
+ DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL);
+ return 0;
+out1:
+ dma_unmap_sg(host->dma_chan->device->dev, &host->sgl, 1,
+ DMA_BIDIRECTIONAL);
+ return -ENXIO;
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_read_page(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
+ uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page)
+{
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = chip->priv;
+ int i, j;
+ uint8_t *oobbuf = chip->oob_poi;
+ u32 mlc_isr;
+ int res;
+ u8 *dma_buf;
+ bool dma_mapped;
+
+ if ((void *)buf <= high_memory) {
+ dma_buf = buf;
+ dma_mapped = true;
+ } else {
+ dma_buf = host->dma_buf;
+ dma_mapped = false;
+ }
+
+ /* Writing Command and Address */
+ chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_READ0, 0, page);
+
+ /* For all sub-pages */
+ for (i = 0; i < host->mlcsubpages; i++) {
+ /* Start Auto Decode Command */
+ writeb(0x00, MLC_ECC_AUTO_DEC_REG(host->io_base));
+
+ /* Wait for Controller Ready */
+ lpc32xx_waitfunc_controller(mtd, chip);
+
+ /* Check ECC Error status */
+ mlc_isr = readl(MLC_ISR(host->io_base));
+ if (mlc_isr & MLCISR_DECODER_FAILURE) {
+ mtd->ecc_stats.failed++;
+ dev_warn(&mtd->dev, "%s: DECODER_FAILURE\n", __func__);
+ } else if (mlc_isr & MLCISR_ERRORS_DETECTED) {
+ mtd->ecc_stats.corrected += ((mlc_isr >> 4) & 0x3) + 1;
+ }
+
+ /* Read 512 + 16 Bytes */
+ if (use_dma) {
+ res = lpc32xx_xmit_dma(mtd, dma_buf + i * 512, 512,
+ DMA_DEV_TO_MEM);
+ if (res)
+ return res;
+ } else {
+ for (j = 0; j < (512 >> 2); j++) {
+ *((uint32_t *)(buf)) =
+ readl(MLC_BUFF(host->io_base));
+ buf += 4;
+ }
+ }
+ for (j = 0; j < (16 >> 2); j++) {
+ *((uint32_t *)(oobbuf)) =
+ readl(MLC_BUFF(host->io_base));
+ oobbuf += 4;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (use_dma && !dma_mapped)
+ memcpy(buf, dma_buf, mtd->writesize);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_write_page_lowlevel(struct mtd_info *mtd,
+ struct nand_chip *chip,
+ const uint8_t *buf, int oob_required)
+{
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = chip->priv;
+ const uint8_t *oobbuf = chip->oob_poi;
+ u8 *dma_buf = (u8 *)buf;
+ int res;
+ int i, j;
+
+ if (use_dma && (void *)buf >= high_memory) {
+ dma_buf = host->dma_buf;
+ memcpy(dma_buf, buf, mtd->writesize);
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < host->mlcsubpages; i++) {
+ /* Start Encode */
+ writeb(0x00, MLC_ECC_ENC_REG(host->io_base));
+
+ /* Write 512 + 6 Bytes to Buffer */
+ if (use_dma) {
+ res = lpc32xx_xmit_dma(mtd, dma_buf + i * 512, 512,
+ DMA_MEM_TO_DEV);
+ if (res)
+ return res;
+ } else {
+ for (j = 0; j < (512 >> 2); j++) {
+ writel(*((uint32_t *)(buf)),
+ MLC_BUFF(host->io_base));
+ buf += 4;
+ }
+ }
+ writel(*((uint32_t *)(oobbuf)), MLC_BUFF(host->io_base));
+ oobbuf += 4;
+ writew(*((uint16_t *)(oobbuf)), MLC_BUFF(host->io_base));
+ oobbuf += 12;
+
+ /* Auto Encode w/ Bit 8 = 0 (see LPC MLC Controller manual) */
+ writeb(0x00, MLC_ECC_AUTO_ENC_REG(host->io_base));
+
+ /* Wait for Controller Ready */
+ lpc32xx_waitfunc_controller(mtd, chip);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_write_page(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
+ const uint8_t *buf, int oob_required, int page,
+ int cached, int raw)
+{
+ int res;
+
+ chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_SEQIN, 0x00, page);
+ res = lpc32xx_write_page_lowlevel(mtd, chip, buf, oob_required);
+ chip->cmdfunc(mtd, NAND_CMD_PAGEPROG, -1, -1);
+ lpc32xx_waitfunc(mtd, chip);
+
+ return res;
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_read_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
+ int page)
+{
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = chip->priv;
+
+ /* Read whole page - necessary with MLC controller! */
+ lpc32xx_read_page(mtd, chip, host->dummy_buf, 1, page);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_write_oob(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct nand_chip *chip,
+ int page)
+{
+ /* None, write_oob conflicts with the automatic LPC MLC ECC decoder! */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Prepares MLC for transfers with H/W ECC enabled: always enabled anyway */
+static void lpc32xx_ecc_enable(struct mtd_info *mtd, int mode)
+{
+ /* Always enabled! */
+}
+
+static bool lpc32xx_dma_filter(struct dma_chan *chan, void *param)
+{
+ struct pl08x_dma_chan *ch =
+ container_of(chan, struct pl08x_dma_chan, chan);
+
+ /* In LPC32xx's PL080 DMA wiring, the MLC NAND DMA signal is #12 */
+ if (ch->cd->min_signal == 12)
+ return true;
+ return false;
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_dma_setup(struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host)
+{
+ struct mtd_info *mtd = &host->mtd;
+ dma_cap_mask_t mask;
+
+ dma_cap_zero(mask);
+ dma_cap_set(DMA_SLAVE, mask);
+ host->dma_chan = dma_request_channel(mask, lpc32xx_dma_filter, NULL);
+ if (!host->dma_chan) {
+ dev_err(mtd->dev.parent, "Failed to request DMA channel\n");
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Set direction to a sensible value even if the dmaengine driver
+ * should ignore it. With the default (DMA_MEM_TO_MEM), the amba-pl08x
+ * driver criticizes it as "alien transfer direction".
+ */
+ host->dma_slave_config.direction = DMA_DEV_TO_MEM;
+ host->dma_slave_config.src_addr_width = DMA_SLAVE_BUSWIDTH_4_BYTES;
+ host->dma_slave_config.dst_addr_width = DMA_SLAVE_BUSWIDTH_4_BYTES;
+ host->dma_slave_config.src_maxburst = 128;
+ host->dma_slave_config.dst_maxburst = 128;
+ /* DMA controller does flow control: */
+ host->dma_slave_config.device_fc = false;
+ host->dma_slave_config.src_addr = MLC_BUFF(host->io_base_phy);
+ host->dma_slave_config.dst_addr = MLC_BUFF(host->io_base_phy);
+ if (dmaengine_slave_config(host->dma_chan, &host->dma_slave_config)) {
+ dev_err(mtd->dev.parent, "Failed to setup DMA slave\n");
+ goto out1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+out1:
+ dma_release_channel(host->dma_chan);
+ return -ENXIO;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_OF
+static struct lpc32xx_nand_cfg_mlc *lpc32xx_parse_dt(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_cfg_mlc *pdata;
+ struct device_node *np = dev->of_node;
+
+ pdata = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*pdata), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!pdata) {
+ dev_err(dev, "could not allocate memory for platform data\n");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ of_property_read_u32(np, "nxp,tcea-delay", &pdata->tcea_delay);
+ of_property_read_u32(np, "nxp,busy-delay", &pdata->busy_delay);
+ of_property_read_u32(np, "nxp,nand-ta", &pdata->nand_ta);
+ of_property_read_u32(np, "nxp,rd-high", &pdata->rd_high);
+ of_property_read_u32(np, "nxp,rd-low", &pdata->rd_low);
+ of_property_read_u32(np, "nxp,wr-high", &pdata->wr_high);
+ of_property_read_u32(np, "nxp,wr-low", &pdata->wr_low);
+
+ if (!pdata->tcea_delay || !pdata->busy_delay || !pdata->nand_ta ||
+ !pdata->rd_high || !pdata->rd_low || !pdata->wr_high ||
+ !pdata->wr_low) {
+ dev_err(dev, "chip parameters not specified correctly\n");
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ pdata->wp_gpio = of_get_named_gpio(np, "gpios", 0);
+
+ return pdata;
+}
+#else
+static struct lpc32xx_nand_cfg_mlc *lpc32xx_parse_dt(struct device *dev)
+{
+ return NULL;
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Probe for NAND controller
+ */
+static int __devinit lpc32xx_nand_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host;
+ struct mtd_info *mtd;
+ struct nand_chip *nand_chip;
+ struct resource *rc;
+ int res;
+ struct mtd_part_parser_data ppdata = {};
+
+ /* Allocate memory for the device structure (and zero it) */
+ host = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*host), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!host) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to allocate device structure.\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ rc = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
+ if (rc == NULL) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "No memory resource found for device!\r\n");
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+
+ host->io_base = devm_request_and_ioremap(&pdev->dev, rc);
+ if (host->io_base == NULL) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "ioremap failed\n");
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ host->io_base_phy = rc->start;
+
+ mtd = &host->mtd;
+ nand_chip = &host->nand_chip;
+ if (pdev->dev.of_node)
+ host->ncfg = lpc32xx_parse_dt(&pdev->dev);
+ else
+ host->ncfg = pdev->dev.platform_data;
+ if (!host->ncfg) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Missing platform data\n");
+ return -ENOENT;
+ }
+ if (host->ncfg->wp_gpio == -EPROBE_DEFER)
+ return -EPROBE_DEFER;
+ if (gpio_is_valid(host->ncfg->wp_gpio) &&
+ gpio_request(host->ncfg->wp_gpio, "NAND WP")) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "GPIO not available\n");
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+ lpc32xx_wp_disable(host);
+
+ nand_chip->priv = host; /* link the private data structures */
+ mtd->priv = nand_chip;
+ mtd->owner = THIS_MODULE;
+ mtd->dev.parent = &pdev->dev;
+
+ /* Get NAND clock */
+ host->clk = clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(host->clk)) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Clock initialization failure\n");
+ res = -ENOENT;
+ goto err_exit1;
+ }
+ clk_enable(host->clk);
+
+ nand_chip->cmd_ctrl = lpc32xx_nand_cmd_ctrl;
+ nand_chip->dev_ready = lpc32xx_nand_device_ready;
+ nand_chip->chip_delay = 25; /* us */
+ nand_chip->IO_ADDR_R = MLC_DATA(host->io_base);
+ nand_chip->IO_ADDR_W = MLC_DATA(host->io_base);
+
+ /* Init NAND controller */
+ lpc32xx_nand_setup(host);
+
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, host);
+
+ /* Initialize function pointers */
+ nand_chip->ecc.hwctl = lpc32xx_ecc_enable;
+ nand_chip->ecc.read_page_raw = lpc32xx_read_page;
+ nand_chip->ecc.read_page = lpc32xx_read_page;
+ nand_chip->ecc.write_page_raw = lpc32xx_write_page_lowlevel;
+ nand_chip->ecc.write_page = lpc32xx_write_page_lowlevel;
+ nand_chip->ecc.write_oob = lpc32xx_write_oob;
+ nand_chip->ecc.read_oob = lpc32xx_read_oob;
+ nand_chip->ecc.strength = 4;
+ nand_chip->write_page = lpc32xx_write_page;
+ nand_chip->waitfunc = lpc32xx_waitfunc;
+
+ nand_chip->bbt_options = NAND_BBT_USE_FLASH | NAND_BBT_NO_OOB;
+ nand_chip->bbt_td = &lpc32xx_nand_bbt;
+ nand_chip->bbt_md = &lpc32xx_nand_bbt_mirror;
+
+ /* bitflip_threshold's default is defined as ecc_strength anyway.
+ * Unfortunately, it is set only later at add_mtd_device(). Meanwhile
+ * being 0, it causes bad block table scanning errors in
+ * nand_scan_tail(), so preparing it here. */
+ mtd->bitflip_threshold = nand_chip->ecc.strength;
+
+ if (use_dma) {
+ res = lpc32xx_dma_setup(host);
+ if (res) {
+ res = -EIO;
+ goto err_exit2;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Scan to find existance of the device and
+ * Get the type of NAND device SMALL block or LARGE block
+ */
+ if (nand_scan_ident(mtd, 1, NULL)) {
+ res = -ENXIO;
+ goto err_exit3;
+ }
+
+ host->dma_buf = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, mtd->writesize, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!host->dma_buf) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Error allocating dma_buf memory\n");
+ res = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_exit3;
+ }
+
+ host->dummy_buf = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, mtd->writesize, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!host->dummy_buf) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Error allocating dummy_buf memory\n");
+ res = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_exit3;
+ }
+
+ nand_chip->ecc.mode = NAND_ECC_HW;
+ nand_chip->ecc.size = mtd->writesize;
+ nand_chip->ecc.layout = &lpc32xx_nand_oob;
+ host->mlcsubpages = mtd->writesize / 512;
+
+ /* initially clear interrupt status */
+ readb(MLC_IRQ_SR(host->io_base));
+
+ init_completion(&host->comp_nand);
+ init_completion(&host->comp_controller);
+
+ host->irq = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
+ if ((host->irq < 0) || (host->irq >= NR_IRQS)) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to get platform irq\n");
+ res = -EINVAL;
+ goto err_exit3;
+ }
+
+ if (request_irq(host->irq, (irq_handler_t)&lpc3xxx_nand_irq,
+ IRQF_TRIGGER_HIGH, DRV_NAME, host)) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Error requesting NAND IRQ\n");
+ res = -ENXIO;
+ goto err_exit3;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Fills out all the uninitialized function pointers with the defaults
+ * And scans for a bad block table if appropriate.
+ */
+ if (nand_scan_tail(mtd)) {
+ res = -ENXIO;
+ goto err_exit4;
+ }
+
+ mtd->name = DRV_NAME;
+
+ ppdata.of_node = pdev->dev.of_node;
+ res = mtd_device_parse_register(mtd, NULL, &ppdata, host->ncfg->parts,
+ host->ncfg->num_parts);
+ if (!res)
+ return res;
+
+ nand_release(mtd);
+
+err_exit4:
+ free_irq(host->irq, host);
+err_exit3:
+ if (use_dma)
+ dma_release_channel(host->dma_chan);
+err_exit2:
+ clk_disable(host->clk);
+ clk_put(host->clk);
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, NULL);
+err_exit1:
+ lpc32xx_wp_enable(host);
+ gpio_free(host->ncfg->wp_gpio);
+
+ return res;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove NAND device
+ */
+static int __devexit lpc32xx_nand_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ struct mtd_info *mtd = &host->mtd;
+
+ nand_release(mtd);
+ free_irq(host->irq, host);
+ if (use_dma)
+ dma_release_channel(host->dma_chan);
+
+ clk_disable(host->clk);
+ clk_put(host->clk);
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, NULL);
+
+ lpc32xx_wp_enable(host);
+ gpio_free(host->ncfg->wp_gpio);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PM
+static int lpc32xx_nand_resume(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+ /* Re-enable NAND clock */
+ clk_enable(host->clk);
+
+ /* Fresh init of NAND controller */
+ lpc32xx_nand_setup(host);
+
+ /* Disable write protect */
+ lpc32xx_wp_disable(host);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int lpc32xx_nand_suspend(struct platform_device *pdev, pm_message_t pm)
+{
+ struct lpc32xx_nand_host *host = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+ /* Enable write protect for safety */
+ lpc32xx_wp_enable(host);
+
+ /* Disable clock */
+ clk_disable(host->clk);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#else
+#define lpc32xx_nand_resume NULL
+#define lpc32xx_nand_suspend NULL
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_OF)
+static const struct of_device_id lpc32xx_nand_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "nxp,lpc3220-mlc" },
+ { /* sentinel */ },
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, lpc32xx_nand_match);
+#endif
+
+static struct platform_driver lpc32xx_nand_driver = {
+ .probe = lpc32xx_nand_probe,
+ .remove = __devexit_p(lpc32xx_nand_remove),
+ .resume = lpc32xx_nand_resume,
+ .suspend = lpc32xx_nand_suspend,
+ .driver = {
+ .name = DRV_NAME,
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .of_match_table = of_match_ptr(lpc32xx_nand_match),
+ },
+};
+
+module_platform_driver(lpc32xx_nand_driver);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Roland Stigge <stigge@antcom.de>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("NAND driver for the NXP LPC32XX MLC controller");
--
1.7.10.4


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2012-06-30 19:21    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans