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Subject[PATCH 2/2] x86, boot: Optimize the elf header handling.

Create a space for the elf headers at the begginng of the
kernels image in memory. Removing the need for an extra
copy of the kernel during boot. Making things faster
and making vmlinux smaller.

- Allow room for the elf headers in the vmlinux.
This removes the need to insert padding between
the elf headers and the start of text. Reducing
the size of vmlinux by 2MB on x86_64 and removing
the need for parse_elf in boot.c to move the code.

- Return the relocated entry point address from parse_elf
as the kernel's entry point is no long at a fixed address.

- Remove the now unnecessary copies in arch/x86/compress/misc.c:parse_elf
The ELF headers are now guaranteed to not conflict with the program
data in the uncompressed image.

- In cleanup_highmap keep all pages starting with __START_KERNEL_map
instead of _text. Those values used to be the same but with the
insertion of the hole for the ELF headers they differ and cause us
to nuke our first 2MB of text ouch! So use the __START_KERNEL_map
which includes the elf headers.

Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
---
arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S | 2 +-
arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S | 2 +-
arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c | 60 +++++++++++------------------------
arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 4 +-
arch/x86/mm/init_64.c | 3 +-
5 files changed, 25 insertions(+), 46 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S
index c85e3ac..1b15e2c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S
@@ -211,7 +211,7 @@ relocated:
* Jump to the decompressed kernel.
*/
xorl %ebx, %ebx
- jmp *%ebp
+ jmp *%eax

/*
* Stack and heap for uncompression
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
index 87e03a1..9b8d782 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
@@ -337,7 +337,7 @@ relocated:
/*
* Jump to the decompressed kernel.
*/
- jmp *%rbp
+ jmp *%rax

.data
gdt:
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
index 5b04b66..fc34e8a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/misc.c
@@ -198,23 +198,23 @@ static void error(char *x)
asm("hlt");
}

-static void parse_elf(void *output)
+static void *parse_elf(void *output)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- Elf64_Ehdr ehdr;
- Elf64_Phdr *phdrs, *phdr;
+ Elf64_Ehdr *ehdr;
+ Elf64_Phdr *phdrs;
#else
- Elf32_Ehdr ehdr;
- Elf32_Phdr *phdrs, *phdr;
+ Elf32_Ehdr *ehdr;
+ Elf32_Phdr *phdrs;
#endif
void *dest;
int i;

- memcpy(&ehdr, output, sizeof(ehdr));
- if (ehdr.e_ident[EI_MAG0] != ELFMAG0 ||
- ehdr.e_ident[EI_MAG1] != ELFMAG1 ||
- ehdr.e_ident[EI_MAG2] != ELFMAG2 ||
- ehdr.e_ident[EI_MAG3] != ELFMAG3) {
+ ehdr = output;
+ if (ehdr->e_ident[EI_MAG0] != ELFMAG0 ||
+ ehdr->e_ident[EI_MAG1] != ELFMAG1 ||
+ ehdr->e_ident[EI_MAG2] != ELFMAG2 ||
+ ehdr->e_ident[EI_MAG3] != ELFMAG3) {
error("Kernel is not a valid ELF file");
return;
}
@@ -222,39 +222,17 @@ static void parse_elf(void *output)
if (!quiet)
putstr("Parsing ELF... ");

- phdrs = malloc(sizeof(*phdrs) * ehdr.e_phnum);
- if (!phdrs)
- error("Failed to allocate space for phdrs");
+ phdrs = output + ehdr->e_phoff;

- memcpy(phdrs, output + ehdr.e_phoff, sizeof(*phdrs) * ehdr.e_phnum);
-
- for (i = 0; i < ehdr.e_phnum; i++) {
- phdr = &phdrs[i];
-
- switch (phdr->p_type) {
- case PT_LOAD:
-#ifdef CONFIG_RELOCATABLE
- dest = output;
- dest += (phdr->p_paddr - LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR);
-#else
- dest = (void *)(phdr->p_paddr);
-#endif
- memcpy(dest,
- output + phdr->p_offset,
- phdr->p_filesz);
- break;
- default: /* Ignore other PT_* */ break;
- }
- }
-
- free(phdrs);
+ return output + (ehdr->e_entry - LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR);
}

-asmlinkage void decompress_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
- unsigned char *input_data,
- unsigned long input_len,
- unsigned char *output)
+asmlinkage void *decompress_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
+ unsigned char *input_data,
+ unsigned long input_len,
+ unsigned char *output)
{
+ void *entry;
real_mode = rmode;

if (cmdline_find_option_bool("quiet"))
@@ -297,8 +275,8 @@ asmlinkage void decompress_kernel(void *rmode, memptr heap,
if (!quiet)
putstr("\nDecompressing Linux... ");
decompress(input_data, input_len, NULL, NULL, output, NULL, error);
- parse_elf(output);
+ entry = parse_elf(output);
if (!quiet)
putstr("done.\nBooting the kernel.\n");
- return;
+ return entry;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 22a1530..af6fb8a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -82,10 +82,10 @@ PHDRS {
SECTIONS
{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
- . = LOAD_OFFSET + LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR;
+ . = LOAD_OFFSET + LOAD_PHYSICAL_ADDR + SIZEOF_HEADERS;
phys_startup_32 = startup_32 - LOAD_OFFSET;
#else
- . = __START_KERNEL;
+ . = __START_KERNEL + SIZEOF_HEADERS;
phys_startup_64 = startup_64 - LOAD_OFFSET;
#endif

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
index 2b6b4a3..e8599cd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -303,13 +303,14 @@ void __init cleanup_highmap(void)
{
unsigned long vaddr = __START_KERNEL_map;
unsigned long vaddr_end = __START_KERNEL_map + (max_pfn_mapped << PAGE_SHIFT);
+ unsigned long text = __START_KERNEL_map;
unsigned long end = roundup((unsigned long)_brk_end, PMD_SIZE) - 1;
pmd_t *pmd = level2_kernel_pgt;

for (; vaddr + PMD_SIZE - 1 < vaddr_end; pmd++, vaddr += PMD_SIZE) {
if (pmd_none(*pmd))
continue;
- if (vaddr < (unsigned long) _text || vaddr > end)
+ if (vaddr < text || vaddr > end)
set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(0));
}
}
--
1.7.5.4


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