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SubjectRe: [PATCH 04/16] sched: maintain the load contribution of blocked entities
Date
Hi,

On Wed, 27 Jun 2012 19:24:14 -0700, Paul Turner wrote:
> We are currently maintaining:
> runnable_load(cfs_rq) = \Sum task_load(t)
>
> For all running children t of cfs_rq. While this can be naturally updated for
> tasks in a runnable state (as they are scheduled); this does not account for
> the load contributed by blocked task entities.
>
> This can be solved by introducing a separate accounting for blocked load:
> blocked_load(cfs_rq) = \Sum runnable(b) * weight(b)
>
> Obviously we do not want to iterate over all blocked entities to account for
> their decay, we instead observe that:
> runnable_load(t) = \Sum p_i*y^i
>
> and that to account for an additional idle period we only need to compute:
> y*runnable_load(t).
>
> This means that we can compute all blocked entities at once by evaluating:
> blocked_load(cfs_rq)` = y * blocked_load(cfs_rq)
>
> Finally we maintain a decay counter so that when a sleeping entity re-awakens
> we can determine how much of its load should be removed from the blocked sum.
>
> Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Ben Segall <bsegall@google.com>
> ---
> include/linux/sched.h | 1
> kernel/sched/core.c | 3 +
> kernel/sched/debug.c | 3 +
> kernel/sched/fair.c | 130 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> kernel/sched/sched.h | 4 +-
> 5 files changed, 126 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
> index 0c54ce0..842c4df 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
> @@ -1139,6 +1139,7 @@ struct load_weight {
> struct sched_avg {
> u32 runnable_avg_sum, runnable_avg_period;
> u64 last_runnable_update;
> + s64 decay_count;
> unsigned long load_avg_contrib;
> };
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index 9bb7d28..aeb8e56 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -1713,6 +1713,9 @@ static void __sched_fork(struct task_struct *p)
> p->se.vruntime = 0;
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->se.group_node);
>
> +#if defined(CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED) && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
> + p->se.avg.decay_count = 0;
> +#endif
> #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
> memset(&p->se.statistics, 0, sizeof(p->se.statistics));
> #endif
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/debug.c b/kernel/sched/debug.c
> index aeb74e3..2aa60cf 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/debug.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/debug.c
> @@ -95,6 +95,7 @@ static void print_cfs_group_stats(struct seq_file *m, int cpu, struct task_group
> P(se->avg.runnable_avg_sum);
> P(se->avg.runnable_avg_period);
> P(se->avg.load_avg_contrib);
> + P(se->avg.decay_count);
> #endif
> #undef PN
> #undef P
> @@ -230,6 +231,8 @@ void print_cfs_rq(struct seq_file *m, int cpu, struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
> atomic_read(&cfs_rq->tg->load_weight));
> SEQ_printf(m, " .%-30s: %lld\n", "runnable_load_avg",
> cfs_rq->runnable_load_avg);
> + SEQ_printf(m, " .%-30s: %lld\n", "blocked_load_avg",
> + cfs_rq->blocked_load_avg);
> #endif
>
> print_cfs_group_stats(m, cpu, cfs_rq->tg);
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> index 8229766..6200d20 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> @@ -1085,6 +1085,20 @@ static __always_inline int __update_entity_runnable_avg(u64 now,
> return decayed;
> }
>
> +/* Synchronize an entity's decay with its parentin cfs_rq.*/
parenting

> +static inline void __synchronize_entity_decay(struct sched_entity *se)
> +{
> + struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
> + u64 decays = atomic64_read(&cfs_rq->decay_counter);
> +
> + decays -= se->avg.decay_count;
> + if (!decays)
> + return;
> +
> + se->avg.load_avg_contrib = decay_load(se->avg.load_avg_contrib, decays);
> + se->avg.decay_count += decays;
> +}
> +
> /* Compute the current contribution to load_avg by se, return any delta */
> static long __update_entity_load_avg_contrib(struct sched_entity *se)
> {
> @@ -1100,8 +1114,18 @@ static long __update_entity_load_avg_contrib(struct sched_entity *se)
> return se->avg.load_avg_contrib - old_contrib;
> }
>
> +static inline void subtract_blocked_load_contrib(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
> + long load_contrib)
> +{
> + if (likely(load_contrib < cfs_rq->blocked_load_avg))
> + cfs_rq->blocked_load_avg -= load_contrib;
> + else
> + cfs_rq->blocked_load_avg = 0;
> +}
> +
> /* Update a sched_entity's runnable average */
> -static inline void update_entity_load_avg(struct sched_entity *se)
> +static inline void update_entity_load_avg(struct sched_entity *se,
> + int update_cfs_rq)
> {
> struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
> long contrib_delta;
> @@ -1111,8 +1135,34 @@ static inline void update_entity_load_avg(struct sched_entity *se)
> return;
>
> contrib_delta = __update_entity_load_avg_contrib(se);
> +
> + if (!update_cfs_rq)
> + return;
> +
> if (se->on_rq)
> cfs_rq->runnable_load_avg += contrib_delta;
> + else
> + subtract_blocked_load_contrib(cfs_rq, -contrib_delta);

Subtracting negative delta means an addition, right?


> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Decay the load contributed by all blocked children and account this so that
> + * they their contribution may appropriately discounted when they wake up.

s/they their/their/ ?


> + */
> +static void update_cfs_rq_blocked_load(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)

I guess update_cfs_blocked_load is a bit more consistent name with
update_cfs_{load,shares}.

Thanks,
Namhyung


> +{
> + u64 now = rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock_task >> 20;
> + u64 decays;
> +
> + decays = now - cfs_rq->last_decay;
> + if (!decays)
> + return;
> +
> + cfs_rq->blocked_load_avg = decay_load(cfs_rq->blocked_load_avg,
> + decays);
> + atomic64_add(decays, &cfs_rq->decay_counter);
> +
> + cfs_rq->last_decay = now;
> }
>
> static inline void update_rq_runnable_avg(struct rq *rq, int runnable)
> @@ -1122,26 +1172,56 @@ static inline void update_rq_runnable_avg(struct rq *rq, int runnable)
>
> /* Add the load generated by se into cfs_rq's child load-average */
> static inline void enqueue_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
> - struct sched_entity *se)
> -{
> - update_entity_load_avg(se);
> + struct sched_entity *se,
> + int wakeup)
> +{
> + /* we track migrations using entity decay_count == 0 */
> + if (unlikely(!se->avg.decay_count)) {
> + se->avg.last_runnable_update = rq_of(cfs_rq)->clock_task;
> + se->avg.decay_count = atomic64_read(&cfs_rq->decay_counter);
> + wakeup = 0;
> + } else {
> + __synchronize_entity_decay(se);
> + }
> +
> + if (wakeup)
> + subtract_blocked_load_contrib(cfs_rq, se->avg.load_avg_contrib);
> +
> + update_entity_load_avg(se, 0);
> cfs_rq->runnable_load_avg += se->avg.load_avg_contrib;
> + update_cfs_rq_blocked_load(cfs_rq);
> }
>
> -/* Remove se's load from this cfs_rq child load-average */
> +/*
> + * Remove se's load from this cfs_rq child load-average, if the entity is
> + * transitioning to a blocked state we track its projected decay using
> + * blocked_load_avg.
> + */
> static inline void dequeue_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
> - struct sched_entity *se)
> + struct sched_entity *se,
> + int sleep)
> {
> - update_entity_load_avg(se);
> + update_entity_load_avg(se, 1);
> +
> cfs_rq->runnable_load_avg -= se->avg.load_avg_contrib;
> + if (sleep) {
> + cfs_rq->blocked_load_avg += se->avg.load_avg_contrib;
> + se->avg.decay_count = atomic64_read(&cfs_rq->decay_counter);
> + } else {
> + se->avg.decay_count = 0;
> + }
> }
> #else
> -static inline void update_entity_load_avg(struct sched_entity *se) {}
> +static inline void update_entity_load_avg(struct sched_entity *se,
> + int update_cfs_rq) {}
> static inline void update_rq_runnable_avg(struct rq *rq, int runnable) {}
> static inline void enqueue_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
> - struct sched_entity *se) {}
> + struct sched_entity *se,
> + int wakeup) {}
> static inline void dequeue_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
> - struct sched_entity *se) {}
> + struct sched_entity *se,
> + int sleep) {}
> +static inline void update_cfs_rq_blocked_load(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq) {}
> #endif
>
> static void enqueue_sleeper(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
> @@ -1270,7 +1350,7 @@ enqueue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags)
> */
> update_curr(cfs_rq);
> update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 0);
> - enqueue_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se);
> + enqueue_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se, flags & ENQUEUE_WAKEUP);
> account_entity_enqueue(cfs_rq, se);
> update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);
>
> @@ -1345,7 +1425,7 @@ dequeue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags)
> * Update run-time statistics of the 'current'.
> */
> update_curr(cfs_rq);
> - dequeue_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se);
> + dequeue_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se, flags & DEQUEUE_SLEEP);
>
> update_stats_dequeue(cfs_rq, se);
> if (flags & DEQUEUE_SLEEP) {
> @@ -1516,7 +1596,7 @@ static void put_prev_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *prev)
> /* Put 'current' back into the tree. */
> __enqueue_entity(cfs_rq, prev);
> /* in !on_rq case, update occurred at dequeue */
> - update_entity_load_avg(prev);
> + update_entity_load_avg(prev, 1);
> }
> cfs_rq->curr = NULL;
> }
> @@ -1532,7 +1612,8 @@ entity_tick(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *curr, int queued)
> /*
> * Ensure that runnable average is periodically updated.
> */
> - update_entity_load_avg(curr);
> + update_entity_load_avg(curr, 1);
> + update_cfs_rq_blocked_load(cfs_rq);
>
> /*
> * Update share accounting for long-running entities.
> @@ -2391,6 +2472,7 @@ enqueue_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
>
> update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 0);
> update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);
> + update_entity_load_avg(se, 1);
> }
>
> if (!se) {
> @@ -2452,6 +2534,7 @@ static void dequeue_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
>
> update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 0);
> update_cfs_shares(cfs_rq);
> + update_entity_load_avg(se, 1);
> }
>
> if (!se) {
> @@ -3557,6 +3640,7 @@ static int update_shares_cpu(struct task_group *tg, int cpu)
>
> update_rq_clock(rq);
> update_cfs_load(cfs_rq, 1);
> + update_cfs_rq_blocked_load(cfs_rq);
>
> /*
> * We need to update shares after updating tg->load_weight in
> @@ -5379,6 +5463,21 @@ static void switched_from_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
> place_entity(cfs_rq, se, 0);
> se->vruntime -= cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
> }
> +
> +#if defined(CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED) && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
> + /*
> + * Remove our load from contribution when we leave sched_fair
> + * and ensure we don't carry in an old decay_count if we
> + * switch back.
> + */
> + if (p->se.avg.decay_count) {
> + struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(&p->se);
> + __synchronize_entity_decay(&p->se);
> + subtract_blocked_load_contrib(cfs_rq,
> + p->se.avg.load_avg_contrib);
> + p->se.avg.decay_count = 0;
> + }
> +#endif
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -5425,6 +5524,9 @@ void init_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
> #ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
> cfs_rq->min_vruntime_copy = cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
> #endif
> +#if defined(CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED) && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
> + atomic64_set(&cfs_rq->decay_counter, 1);
> +#endif
> }
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> index 26cc36f..a96adf1 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
> +++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
> @@ -229,7 +229,9 @@ struct cfs_rq {
> * This allows for the description of both thread and group usage (in
> * the FAIR_GROUP_SCHED case).
> */
> - u64 runnable_load_avg;
> + u64 runnable_load_avg, blocked_load_avg;
> + atomic64_t decay_counter;
> + u64 last_decay;
> #endif
> #ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
> struct rq *rq; /* cpu runqueue to which this cfs_rq is attached */


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