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Subject[PATCH v4 7/13] compiler{,-gcc4}.h: Introduce __flatten function attribute
For gcc 4.1 & later, expands to __attribute__((flatten)) which forces
the compiler to inline everything it can into the function. This is
useful in combination with noinline when you want to control the depth
of inlining, or create a single function where inline expansions will
occur. (see

Normally, it's best to leave this type of thing up to the compiler.
However, the generic rbtree code uses inline functions just to be able
to inject compile-time constant data that specifies how the caller wants
the function to behave (via struct rb_relationship). This data can be
thought of as the template parameters of a C++ templatized function.
Since some of these functions, once expanded, become quite large, gcc
sometimes decides not to perform some important inlining, in one case,
even generating a few bytes more code by not doing so. (Note: I have not
eliminated the possibility that this was an optimization bug, but the
flatten attribute fixes it in either case.)

Combining __flatten and noinline insures that important optimizations
occur in these cases and that the inline expansion occurs in exactly one
place, thus not leading to unnecissary bloat. However, it also can
eliminate some opportunities for optimization should gcc otherwise
decide the function its self is a good candidate for inlining.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Santos <>
include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h | 7 ++++++-
include/linux/compiler.h | 4 ++++
2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h b/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h
index 5755e23..38fb81d 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h
@@ -15,7 +15,12 @@

#if GCC_VERSION >= 40102
# define __compiletime_object_size(obj) __builtin_object_size(obj, 0)
+/* flatten introduced in 4.1, but broken in 4.6.0 (gcc bug #48731)*/
+# if GCC_VERSION != 40600
+# define __flatten __attribute__((flatten))
+# endif
+#endif /* GCC_VERSION >= 40102 */

#if GCC_VERSION >= 40300
/* Mark functions as cold. gcc will assume any path leading to a call
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index 4d9f353..b26d606 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -244,6 +244,10 @@ void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_branch_data *f, int val, int expect);
#define __always_inline inline

+#ifndef __flatten
+#define __flatten
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */


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