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Subject[PATCH v4 10/13] bug.h: Add gcc 4.2+ versions of BUILD_BUG_ON_* macros
Date
BUILD_BUG_ON42(arg)
BUILD_BUG_ON_CONST42(arg)

Prior to gcc 4.2, the optimizer was unable to determine that many
constant values stored in structs were indeed compile-time constants and
optimize them out. Sometimes, it will find an intergral value to be a
compile-time constant, but fail to perform a bit-wise AND at
compile-time. These two macros provide a mechanism to perform these
build-time checks, but not break on older compilers where we already
know they can't be checked at compile time.

For specific details, consult the doc comments for BUILD_BUG_ON_CONST.
These macros are used in the generic rbtree code.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com>
---
include/linux/bug.h | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/bug.h b/include/linux/bug.h
index e30f600..8e30337 100644
--- a/include/linux/bug.h
+++ b/include/linux/bug.h
@@ -129,6 +129,41 @@ struct pt_regs;
#define BUILD_BUG_ON_NON_CONST(exp)
#endif

+
+#if GCC_VERSION >= 40200
+/**
+ * BUILD_BUG_ON_NON_CONST42 - break compile if expression cannot be determined
+ * to be a compile-time constant (disabled prior to
+ * gcc 4.2)
+ * @exp: value to test for compile-time constness
+ *
+ * Use this macro instead of BUILD_BUG_ON_NON_CONST when testing struct
+ * members or dereferenced arrays and pointers. Note that the version checks
+ * for this macro are not perfect. BUILD_BUG_ON_NON_CONST42 expands to nothing
+ * prior to gcc-4.2, after which it is the same as BUILD_BUG_ON_NON_CONST.
+ * However, there are still many checks that will break with this macro (see
+ * the Gory Details section of BUILD_BUG_ON_NON_CONST for more info).
+ *
+ * See also BUILD_BUG_ON_NON_CONST()
+ */
+# define BUILD_BUG_ON_NON_CONST42(exp) BUILD_BUG_ON_NON_CONST(exp)
+
+/**
+ * BUILD_BUG_ON42 - break compile if expression cannot be determined
+ * (disabled prior to gcc 4.2)
+ *
+ * This gcc-version check is necessary due to breakages in testing struct
+ * members prior to gcc 4.2.
+ *
+ * See also BUILD_BUG_ON()
+ */
+# define BUILD_BUG_ON42(arg) BUILD_BUG_ON(arg)
+#else
+# define BUILD_BUG_ON_NON_CONST42(exp)
+# define BUILD_BUG_ON42(arg)
+#endif /* GCC_VERSION >= 40200 */
+
+
#endif /* __CHECKER__ */

#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG
--
1.7.3.4


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