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Subject[PATCH tip/core/rcu 16/17] rcu: Disable preemption in rcu_blocking_is_gp()
From: "Paul E. McKenney" <>

It is time to optimize CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU's synchronize_rcu()
for uniprocessor optimization, which means that rcu_blocking_is_gp()
can no longer rely on RCU read-side critical sections having disabled
preemption. This commit therefore disables preemption across
rcu_blocking_is_gp()'s scan of the cpu_online_mask.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <>
kernel/rcutree.c | 19 ++-----------------
1 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index ce175b6..c0cc41f 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -1978,28 +1978,13 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_bh);
* occasionally incorrectly indicate that there are multiple CPUs online
* when there was in fact only one the whole time, as this just adds
* some overhead: RCU still operates correctly.
- *
- * Of course, sampling num_online_cpus() with preemption enabled can
- * give erroneous results if there are concurrent CPU-hotplug operations.
- * For example, given a demonic sequence of preemptions in num_online_cpus()
- * and CPU-hotplug operations, there could be two or more CPUs online at
- * all times, but num_online_cpus() might well return one (or even zero).
- *
- * However, all such demonic sequences require at least one CPU-offline
- * operation. Furthermore, rcu_blocking_is_gp() giving the wrong answer
- * is only a problem if there is an RCU read-side critical section executing
- * throughout. But RCU-sched and RCU-bh read-side critical sections
- * disable either preemption or bh, which prevents a CPU from going offline.
- * Therefore, the only way that rcu_blocking_is_gp() can incorrectly return
- * that there is only one CPU when in fact there was more than one throughout
- * is when there were no RCU readers in the system. If there are no
- * RCU readers, the grace period by definition can be of zero length,
- * regardless of the number of online CPUs.
static inline int rcu_blocking_is_gp(void)
might_sleep(); /* Check for RCU read-side critical section. */
+ preempt_disable();
return num_online_cpus() <= 1;
+ preempt_enable();


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