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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 06/10] KVM: MMU: fast path of handling guest page fault
On 05/03/2012 05:07 AM, Marcelo Tosatti wrote:


>> 'entry' is not a problem since it is from atomically read-write as
>> mentioned above, i need change this code to:
>>
>> /*
>> * Optimization: for pte sync, if spte was writable the hash
>> * lookup is unnecessary (and expensive). Write protection
>> * is responsibility of mmu_get_page / kvm_sync_page.
>> * Same reasoning can be applied to dirty page accounting.
>> */
>> if (!can_unsync && is_writable_pte(entry) /* Use 'entry' instead of '*sptep'. */
>> goto set_pte
>> ......
>>
>>
>> if (is_writable_pte(entry) && !is_writable_pte(spte)) /* Use 'spte' instead of '*sptep'. */
>> kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(vcpu->kvm);
>
> What is of more importance than the ability to verify that this or that
> particular case are ok at the moment is to write code in such a way that
> its easy to verify that it is correct.
>
> Thus the suggestion above:
>
> "scattered all over (as mentioned before, i think a pattern of read spte
> once, work on top of that, atomically write and then deal with results
> _everywhere_ (where mmu lock is held) is more consistent."
>


Marcelo, thanks for your time to patiently review/reply my mail.

I am confused with ' _everywhere_ ', it means all of the path read/update
spte? why not only verify the path which depends on is_writable_pte()?

For the reason of "its easy to verify that it is correct"? But these
paths are safe since it is not care PT_WRITABLE_MASK at all. What these
paths care is the Dirty-bit and Accessed-bit are not lost, that is why
we always treat the spte as "volatile" if it is can be updated out of
mmu-lock.

For the further development? We can add the delta comment for
is_writable_pte() to warn the developer use it more carefully.

It is also very hard to verify spte everywhere. :(

Actually, the current code to care PT_WRITABLE_MASK is just for
tlb flush, may be we can fold it into mmu_spte_update.
[
There are tree ways to modify spte, present -> nonpresent, nonpresent -> present,
present -> present.

But we only need care present -> present for lockless.
]

/*
* return true means we need flush tlbs caused by changing spte from writeable
* to read-only.
*/
bool mmu_update_spte(u64 *sptep, u64 spte)
{
u64 last_spte, old_spte = *sptep;
bool flush = false;
last_spte = xchg(sptep, spte);

if ((is_writable_pte(last_spte) ||
spte_has_updated_lockless(old_spte, last_spte)) &&
!is_writable_pte(spte) )
flush = true;
.... track Drity/Accessed bit ...

return flush
}
Furthermore, the style of "if (spte-has-changed) goto beginning" is feasible
in set_spte since this path is a fast path. (i can speed up mmu_need_write_protect)



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