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SubjectRe: [PATCH 00/23] Crypto keys and module signing
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On Wed, 23 May 2012 15:20:47 +0100, David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> wrote:
> Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> wrote:
>
> > That's pretty weird. Why not put the "@This Is A Crypto Signed
> > Module\n" before the signature? Then module-size is implied: everything
> > before that signature. The signature size is implied: everything after
> > that signature.
>
> This makes it simpler. No scanning required. The magic number can only be in
> one place and you can find it by dead reckoning.

Scanning isn't complicated. Slow, sure, but I doubt you can really
measure it when you're doing crypto.

Compare:

(1) Your scheme signing looks something like this:
gpg --sign $m > $m.sig
MSIZE=`ls -l $m | awk '{ print $5 }'`
SSIZE=`ls -l $m.sig | awk '{ print $5 }'`

printf '@%-10i@%-10i@This Is A Crypto Signed Module' $MSIZE $SSIZE >> $m

(2) Your verification scheme looks like this:

+ magic_size = sizeof(modsign_magic) - 1;
+ if (size <= 11 + 11 + magic_size)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (memcmp(data + size - magic_size, modsign_magic, magic_size) != 0)
+ return 1;
+ size -= 11 + 11 + magic_size;
+
+ cp = data + size;
+ if (cp[ 0] != '@' && cp[ 9] != '@' && cp[10] != '\n' &&
+ cp[11] != '@' && cp[20] != '@' && cp[21] != '\n')
+ return -ELIBBAD;
+ mod_size = simple_strtoul(cp + 1, &end, 10);
+ if (mod_size > size || (*end != ' ' && *end != '@'))
+ return -ELIBBAD;
+ sig_size = simple_strtoul(cp + 12, &end, 10);
+ if (sig_size > size || (*end != ' ' && *end != '@'))
+ return -ELIBBAD;
+
+ pr_devel("sig at %zu, size %zu (to %zu)\n", mod_size, sig_size,
size);
+ if (size - mod_size != sig_size)
+ return -ELIBBAD;

Now, the scheme I suggested looks like this:

(1) Signing:
gpg --sign $m > $m.sig
(echo @This Is A Crypto Signed Module; cat $m.sig) >> $m

(2) Verification:
size_t i;

if (i < modsign_magic)
return 1;

for (i = size - modsign_magic;
memcmp(data + i, modsign_magic, magic_size) != 0);
i++) {
if (i == 0)
return 1;
}

/* module: "data", size "i".
* sig: "data + i + magic_size", size "size - (i + magic_size)" */

> > In fact, I'd modify this slightly, to allow multiple signatures.
> > This would work nicely with a deterministic strip. Find the signatures
> > backward, and truncate as they fail.
>
> Why would you want multiple signatures? That just complicates things.

The code above stays pretty simple; if the signature fails, you set size
to i, and loop again. As I said, if you know exactly how you're going
to strip the modules, you can avoid storing the stripped module and
simply append both signatures.

> If you're in FIPS mode, you probably have to panic if any of them fail.

I had to look up what FIPS was, so I'm not qualified to comment.

> I suppose I may as well punt the signature detection and removal to userspace
> and pass the signature as an argument to init_module() as Dmitry suggested.
> Then the signature need not be in the file at all (he wants to use an xattr or
> hardware, I think). mkinitrd and rpmbuild/kernel spec have to be changed to
> accommodate enablement of these patches, so why not module-init-tools, dracut
> and busybox whilst we're at it?

In some ways that is cleaner, but it's also nice to avoid adding another
syscall.

Cheers,
Rusty.


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