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Subject[PATCH 05/23] KEYS: Create a key type that can be used for general cryptographic operations
Date
Create a key type that can be used for general cryptographic operations, such
as encryption, decryption, signature generation and signature verification.

The key type is "crypto" and can provide access to a variety of cryptographic
algorithms.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
---

Documentation/security/keys-crypto.txt | 181 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/keys/crypto-subtype.h | 56 ++++++++
include/keys/crypto-type.h | 25 ++++
security/keys/Kconfig | 2
security/keys/Makefile | 1
security/keys/crypto/Kconfig | 7 +
security/keys/crypto/Makefile | 7 +
security/keys/crypto/crypto_keys.h | 28 ++++
security/keys/crypto/crypto_type.c | 228 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
9 files changed, 535 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/security/keys-crypto.txt
create mode 100644 include/keys/crypto-subtype.h
create mode 100644 include/keys/crypto-type.h
create mode 100644 security/keys/crypto/Kconfig
create mode 100644 security/keys/crypto/Makefile
create mode 100644 security/keys/crypto/crypto_keys.h
create mode 100644 security/keys/crypto/crypto_type.c


diff --git a/Documentation/security/keys-crypto.txt b/Documentation/security/keys-crypto.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..97dee80
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/security/keys-crypto.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,181 @@
+ ======================
+ CRYPTOGRAPHIC KEY TYPE
+ ======================
+
+Contents:
+
+ - Overview.
+ - Key identification.
+ - Accessing crypto keys.
+ - Implementing crypto parsers.
+ - Implementing crypto subtypes.
+
+
+========
+OVERVIEW
+========
+
+The "crypto" key type is designed to be a container for cryptographic keys,
+without imposing any particular restrictions on the form of the cryptography or
+the key.
+
+The crypto key is given a subtype that defines what sort of data is associated
+with the key and provides operations to describe and destroy it. However, no
+requirement is made that the key data actually be loaded into the key.
+
+The crypto key also has a number of data parsers registered with it. The data
+parsers are responsible for extracing information the blobs of data passed to
+the instantiator function. The first data parser that recognises the blob gets
+to set the subtype of the key and define the operations that can be done on
+that key.
+
+Completely in-kernel key retention and operation subtypes and parsers can be
+defined, but it would also be possible to provide access to cryptographic
+hardware (such as a TPM) that might be used to both retain the relevant key and
+perform operations using that key. In such a case, the crypto key would then
+merely be an interface to the TPM driver.
+
+
+==================
+KEY IDENTIFICATION
+==================
+
+Because the identity of a key is not necessarily known and may not be easily
+calculated when a crypto key is allocated, it may not be a simple matter to set
+a key description to something that's useful for determining whether this is
+the key you're looking for. Furthermore, it may be necessary to perform a
+partial match upon the key identity.
+
+To help with this, when a key is loaded, the parser calculates the key
+fingerprint and stores a copy in the key structure.
+
+The crypto key type's key matching function then performs more checks than just
+the straightforward comparison of the description with the criterion string:
+
+ (1) If the criterion string is of the form "id:<hexdigits>" then the match
+ function will examine a key's fingerprint to see if the hex digits given
+ after the "id:" match the tail. For instance:
+
+ keyctl search @s crypto id:5acc2142
+
+ will match a key with fingerprint:
+
+ 1A00 2040 7601 7889 DE11 882C 3823 04AD 5ACC 2142
+
+ (2) If the criterion string is of the form "<subtype>:<hexdigits>" then the
+ match will match the ID as in (1), but with the added restriction that
+ only keys of the specified subtype (e.g. dsa or rsa) will be matched. For
+ instance:
+
+ keyctl search @s crypto dsa:5acc2142
+
+Looking in /proc/keys, the last 8 hex digits of the key fingerprint are
+displayed, along with the subtype:
+
+ 1a39e171 I----- 1 perm 3f010000 0 0 crypto modsign.0: DSA 5acc2142 []
+
+
+=====================
+ACCESSING CRYPTO KEYS
+=====================
+
+To access crypto keys from within the kernel, the following inclusion is
+required:
+
+ #include <keys/crypto-type.h>
+
+This gives access to the key type:
+
+ struct key_type key_type_crypto;
+
+
+===========================
+IMPLEMENTING CRYPTO PARSERS
+===========================
+
+The crypto key type keeps a list of registered data parsers. An example of
+such a parser is one that parses OpenPGP packet formatted data [RFC 4880].
+
+During key instantiation each parser in the list is tried until one doesn't
+return -EBADMSG.
+
+The parser definition structure looks like the following:
+
+ struct crypto_key_parser {
+ struct module *owner;
+ const char *name;
+
+ int (*instantiate)(struct key *key,
+ const void *data, size_t datalen);
+ };
+
+The owner and name fields should be set to the owning module and the name of
+the parser.
+
+There are a number of operations defined by the parser. They are all optional,
+but it is expected that at least one will be defined.
+
+ (1) instantiate().
+
+ The arguments are the same as for the instantiate function in the key
+ type. 'key' is the crypto key being instantiated; data and datalen are
+ the instantiation data, presumably containing cryptographic key data, and
+ the length of that data.
+
+ If the data format is not recognised, -EBADMSG should be returned. If it
+ is recognised, but the key cannot for some reason be set up, some other
+ negative error code should be returned.
+
+ If the key can be successfully set up, then key->payload should be set to
+ point to the retained data, key->type_data.p[0] should be set to point to
+ the subtype chosen and key->type_data.p[1] should be set to point to a
+ copy of the key's identity string and 0 should be returned.
+
+ The key's identity string may be partially matched upon. For a public-key
+ algorithm such as RSA and DSA this will likely be a printable hex version
+ of the key's fingerprint.
+
+Functions are provided to register and unregister parsers:
+
+ int register_crypto_key_parser(struct crypto_key_parser *parser);
+ void unregister_crypto_key_parser(struct crypto_key_parser *subtype);
+
+Parsers may not have the same name. The names are only used for displaying in
+debugging messages.
+
+
+============================
+IMPLEMENTING CRYPTO SUBTYPES
+============================
+
+The parser selects the appropriate subtype directly and sets it on the key; the
+crypto key then retains a reference on the subtype module (which means the
+parser can be removed thereafter).
+
+The subtype definition structure looks like the following:
+
+ struct crypto_key_subtype {
+ struct module *owner;
+ const char *name;
+
+ void (*describe)(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m);
+ void (*destroy)(void *payload);
+ };
+
+The owner and name fields should be set to the owning module and the name of
+the subtype.
+
+There are a number of operations defined by the subtype:
+
+ (1) describe().
+
+ Mandatory. This allows the subtype to display something in /proc/keys
+ against the key. For instance the name of the public key algorithm type
+ could be displayed. The key type will display the tail of the key
+ identity string after this.
+
+ (2) destroy().
+
+ Mandatory. This should free the memory associated with the key. The
+ crypto key will look after freeing the fingerprint and releasing the
+ reference on the subtype module.
diff --git a/include/keys/crypto-subtype.h b/include/keys/crypto-subtype.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fa87555
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/keys/crypto-subtype.h
@@ -0,0 +1,56 @@
+/* Cryptographic key subtype
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * See Documentation/security/keys-crypto.txt
+ */
+
+#ifndef _KEYS_CRYPTO_SUBTYPE_H
+#define _KEYS_CRYPTO_SUBTYPE_H
+
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+#include <keys/crypto-type.h>
+
+extern struct key_type key_type_crypto;
+
+/*
+ * Keys of this type declare a subtype that indicates the handlers and
+ * capabilities.
+ */
+struct crypto_key_subtype {
+ struct module *owner;
+ const char *name;
+ unsigned short name_len; /* length of name */
+
+ void (*describe)(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m);
+
+ void (*destroy)(void *payload);
+};
+
+/*
+ * Data parser. Called during instantiation and signature verification
+ * initiation.
+ */
+struct crypto_key_parser {
+ struct list_head link;
+ struct module *owner;
+ const char *name;
+
+ /* Attempt to instantiate a key from the data blob passed to add_key()
+ * or keyctl_instantiate().
+ *
+ * Return EBADMSG if not recognised.
+ */
+ int (*instantiate)(struct key *key, const void *data, size_t datalen);
+};
+
+extern int register_crypto_key_parser(struct crypto_key_parser *);
+extern void unregister_crypto_key_parser(struct crypto_key_parser *);
+
+#endif /* _KEYS_CRYPTO_SUBTYPE_H */
diff --git a/include/keys/crypto-type.h b/include/keys/crypto-type.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..47c00c7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/keys/crypto-type.h
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+/* Cryptographic key type interface
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * See Documentation/security/keys-crypto.txt
+ */
+
+#ifndef _KEYS_CRYPTO_TYPE_H
+#define _KEYS_CRYPTO_TYPE_H
+
+#include <linux/key-type.h>
+
+extern struct key_type key_type_crypto;
+
+/*
+ * The payload is at the discretion of the subtype.
+ */
+
+#endif /* _KEYS_CRYPTO_TYPE_H */
diff --git a/security/keys/Kconfig b/security/keys/Kconfig
index a90d6d3..992fe52 100644
--- a/security/keys/Kconfig
+++ b/security/keys/Kconfig
@@ -69,3 +69,5 @@ config KEYS_DEBUG_PROC_KEYS
the resulting table.

If you are unsure as to whether this is required, answer N.
+
+source security/keys/crypto/Kconfig
diff --git a/security/keys/Makefile b/security/keys/Makefile
index 504aaa0..67dae73 100644
--- a/security/keys/Makefile
+++ b/security/keys/Makefile
@@ -24,3 +24,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL) += sysctl.o
#
obj-$(CONFIG_TRUSTED_KEYS) += trusted.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ENCRYPTED_KEYS) += encrypted-keys/
+obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_KEY_TYPE) += crypto/
diff --git a/security/keys/crypto/Kconfig b/security/keys/crypto/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3d15710
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/keys/crypto/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+config CRYPTO_KEY_TYPE
+ tristate "Cryptographic key type"
+ depends on KEYS
+ help
+ This option provides support for a type of key that holds the keys
+ required for cryptographic operations such as encryption, decryption,
+ signature generation and signature verification.
diff --git a/security/keys/crypto/Makefile b/security/keys/crypto/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..36db1d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/keys/crypto/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+#
+# Makefile for cryptographic keys
+#
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_KEY_TYPE) += crypto_keys.o
+
+crypto_keys-y := crypto_type.o
diff --git a/security/keys/crypto/crypto_keys.h b/security/keys/crypto/crypto_keys.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a339ce0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/keys/crypto/crypto_keys.h
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
+/* Internal crypto type stuff
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+static inline
+struct crypto_key_subtype *crypto_key_subtype(const struct key *key)
+{
+ return key->type_data.p[0];
+}
+
+static inline char *crypto_key_id(const struct key *key)
+{
+ return key->type_data.p[1];
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * crypto_type.c
+ */
+extern struct list_head crypto_key_parsers;
+extern struct rw_semaphore crypto_key_parsers_sem;
diff --git a/security/keys/crypto/crypto_type.c b/security/keys/crypto/crypto_type.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..33d279b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/keys/crypto/crypto_type.c
@@ -0,0 +1,228 @@
+/* Cryptographic key type
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * See Documentation/security/keys-crypto.txt
+ */
+#include <keys/crypto-subtype.h>
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include "crypto_keys.h"
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+
+LIST_HEAD(crypto_key_parsers);
+DECLARE_RWSEM(crypto_key_parsers_sem);
+
+/*
+ * Match crypto_keys on (part of) their name
+ * We have some shorthand methods for matching keys. We allow:
+ *
+ * "<desc>" - request a key by description
+ * "id:<id>" - request a key matching the ID
+ * "<subtype>:<id>" - request a key of a subtype
+ */
+static int crypto_key_match(const struct key *key, const void *description)
+{
+ const struct crypto_key_subtype *subtype = crypto_key_subtype(key);
+ const char *spec = description;
+ const char *id, *kid;
+ ptrdiff_t speclen;
+ size_t idlen, kidlen;
+
+ if (!subtype || !spec || !*spec)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* See if the full key description matches as is */
+ if (key->description && strcmp(key->description, description) == 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ /* All tests from here on break the criterion description into a
+ * specifier, a colon and then an identifier.
+ */
+ id = strchr(spec, ':');
+ if (!id)
+ return 0;
+
+ speclen = id - spec;
+ id++;
+
+ /* Anything after here requires a partial match on the ID string */
+ kid = crypto_key_id(key);
+ if (!kid)
+ return 0;
+
+ idlen = strlen(id);
+ kidlen = strlen(kid);
+ if (idlen > kidlen)
+ return 0;
+
+ kid += kidlen - idlen;
+ if (strcasecmp(id, kid) != 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (speclen == 2 &&
+ memcmp(spec, "id", 2) == 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (speclen == subtype->name_len &&
+ memcmp(spec, subtype->name, speclen) == 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Describe the crypto key
+ */
+static void crypto_key_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
+{
+ const struct crypto_key_subtype *subtype = crypto_key_subtype(key);
+ const char *kid = crypto_key_id(key);
+ size_t n;
+
+ seq_puts(m, key->description);
+
+ if (subtype) {
+ seq_puts(m, ": ");
+ subtype->describe(key, m);
+
+ if (kid) {
+ seq_putc(m, ' ');
+ n = strlen(kid);
+ if (n <= 8)
+ seq_puts(m, kid);
+ else
+ seq_puts(m, kid + n - 8);
+ }
+
+ seq_puts(m, " [");
+ /* put something here to indicate the key's capabilities */
+ seq_putc(m, ']');
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Instantiate a crypto_key defined key
+ */
+static int crypto_key_instantiate(struct key *key,
+ const void *data, size_t datalen)
+{
+ struct crypto_key_parser *parser;
+ int ret;
+
+ pr_devel("==>%s()\n", __func__);
+
+ if (datalen == 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ down_read(&crypto_key_parsers_sem);
+
+ ret = -EBADMSG;
+ list_for_each_entry(parser, &crypto_key_parsers, link) {
+ pr_debug("Trying parser '%s'\n", parser->name);
+
+ ret = parser->instantiate(key, data, datalen);
+ if (ret != -EBADMSG) {
+ pr_debug("Parser recognised the format (ret %d)\n",
+ ret);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ up_read(&crypto_key_parsers_sem);
+ pr_devel("<==%s() = %d\n", __func__, ret);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * dispose of the data dangling from the corpse of a crypto key
+ */
+static void crypto_key_destroy(struct key *key)
+{
+ struct crypto_key_subtype *subtype = crypto_key_subtype(key);
+ if (subtype) {
+ subtype->destroy(key->payload.data);
+ module_put(subtype->owner);
+ key->type_data.p[0] = NULL;
+ }
+ kfree(key->type_data.p[1]);
+ key->type_data.p[1] = NULL;
+}
+
+struct key_type key_type_crypto = {
+ .name = "crypto",
+ .instantiate = crypto_key_instantiate,
+ .match = crypto_key_match,
+ .destroy = crypto_key_destroy,
+ .describe = crypto_key_describe,
+};
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(key_type_crypto);
+
+/**
+ * register_crypto_key_parser - Register a crypto key blob parser
+ * @parser: The parser to register
+ */
+int register_crypto_key_parser(struct crypto_key_parser *parser)
+{
+ struct crypto_key_parser *cursor;
+ int ret;
+
+ down_write(&crypto_key_parsers_sem);
+
+ list_for_each_entry(cursor, &crypto_key_parsers, link) {
+ if (strcmp(cursor->name, parser->name) == 0) {
+ pr_err("Crypto key parser '%s' already registered\n",
+ parser->name);
+ ret = -EEXIST;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ list_add_tail(&parser->link, &crypto_key_parsers);
+
+ pr_notice("Crypto key parser '%s' registered\n", parser->name);
+ ret = 0;
+
+out:
+ up_write(&crypto_key_parsers_sem);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_crypto_key_parser);
+
+/**
+ * unregister_crypto_key_parser - Unregister a crypto key blob parser
+ * @parser: The parser to unregister
+ */
+void unregister_crypto_key_parser(struct crypto_key_parser *parser)
+{
+ down_write(&crypto_key_parsers_sem);
+ list_del(&parser->link);
+ up_write(&crypto_key_parsers_sem);
+
+ pr_notice("Crypto key parser '%s' unregistered\n", parser->name);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_crypto_key_parser);
+
+/*
+ * Module stuff
+ */
+static int __init crypto_key_init(void)
+{
+ return register_key_type(&key_type_crypto);
+}
+
+static void __exit crypto_key_cleanup(void)
+{
+ unregister_key_type(&key_type_crypto);
+}
+
+module_init(crypto_key_init);
+module_exit(crypto_key_cleanup);


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