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Subject[PATCH] pidmap: Use GFP_ATOMIC to allocate page (was: Re: [ 00/54] 3.0.32-stable review)
On Fri, 2012-05-18 at 21:20 -0700, Greg KH wrote:

> > Well, I set up a box to run ktest randconfigs and some other checks.
> > Right now it's running on the 3.2.18-rc release. If I can sneak away
> > from the misses, I may be able to kick off tests against these releases
> > too. But I only have one box dedicated for this, so everything needs to
> > be processed serially.
> No rush, do it on Monday if needed. Thanks for testing, I appreciate
> it.

Ran 18 tests against 3.0.32-rc, 2 failed (16 passed!). One failed by a
lock up (still looking into it) and the other is this one:

Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer frequency.. 4799.59 BogoMIPS (lpj=2399799)
pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
BUG: scheduling while atomic: swapper/0/0x10000002
Modules linked in:
Pid: 0, comm: swapper Not tainted 3.1.0-rc9-test+ #1
Call Trace:
[<ffffffff81435b3e>] __schedule_bug+0x57/0x5b
[<ffffffff8143c44f>] __schedule+0x90/0x672
[<ffffffff810636dd>] ? kzalloc.constprop.2+0x24/0x26
[<ffffffff810460d1>] __cond_resched+0x23/0x2f
[<ffffffff8143ca83>] _cond_resched+0x14/0x1d^M
[<ffffffff810f7cd3>] slab_pre_alloc_hook.isra.52+0x28/0x2c
[<ffffffff810f8b1a>] kmem_cache_alloc_trace+0x29/0xbd
[<ffffffff810636dd>] kzalloc.constprop.2+0x24/0x26
[<ffffffff81b7a434>] pidmap_init+0x81/0xc0
[<ffffffff81b61b03>] start_kernel+0x330/0x3c2
[<ffffffff81b612c4>] x86_64_start_reservations+0xaf/0xb3
[<ffffffff81b61140>] ? early_idt_handlers+0x140/0x140
[<ffffffff81b613ca>] x86_64_start_kernel+0x102/0x111
Security Framework initialized

Had CONFIG_SLUB, IRQ_FORCED_THREADING and voluntary preempt enabled.
Seems the might_resched() check from might_sleep_if() in
pre_alloc_hook() caused a schedule in early boot (pidmap_init). Not sure
why it scheduled that early, perhaps a threaded interrupt was added? I
haven't been able to reproduce it again.

Perhaps we should not be using GFP_KERNEL when allocating memory for
pidmap_init()? As we have preemption disabled at this point, we should
be using GFP_ATOMIC. Also add a BUG_ON if the page fails to get

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <>

This patch is against 3.4-rc2 (just happened to be a kernel checkout I

diff --git a/kernel/pid.c b/kernel/pid.c
index 9f08dfa..32dab20 100644
--- a/kernel/pid.c
+++ b/kernel/pid.c
@@ -563,7 +563,9 @@ void __init pidmap_init(void)
PIDS_PER_CPU_MIN * num_possible_cpus());
pr_info("pid_max: default: %u minimum: %u\n", pid_max, pid_max_min);

- init_pid_ns.pidmap[0].page = kzalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+ /* Preemption is still disabled at this point */
+ init_pid_ns.pidmap[0].page = kzalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ BUG_ON(!init_pid_ns.pidmap[0].page);
/* Reserve PID 0. We never call free_pidmap(0) */
set_bit(0, init_pid_ns.pidmap[0].page);

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