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Subject[PATCH 1/6] arch/tile: introduce GXIO IORPC framework for tilegx
The GXIO I/O RPC subsystem handles exporting I/O hardware resources to
Linux and to applications running under Linux.

For instance, memory which is made available for I/O DMA must be mapped
by an I/O TLB; that means that such memory must be locked down by Linux,
so that it is not swapped or otherwise reused, as long as those I/O
TLB entries are active. Similarly, configuring direct hardware access
introduces new validation requirements. If a user application registers
memory, Linux must ensure that the supplied virtual addresses are valid,
and turn them into client physical addresses. Similarly, when Linux then
supplies those client physical addresses to the Tilera hypervisor, it
must in turn validate those before turning them into the real physical
addresses which are required by the hardware.

To the extent that these sorts of activities were required on previous
TILE architecture processors, they were implemented in a device-specific
fashion. This meant that every I/O device had its own Tilera hypervisor
driver, its own Linux driver, and in some cases its own user-level
library support. There was a large amount of more-or-less functionally
identical code in different places, particularly in the different Linux
drivers. For TILE-Gx, this support has been generalized into a common
framework, known as the I/O RPC framework or just IORPC.

The two "gxio" directories (one for headers, one for sources) start
with just a few files in each with this infrastructure commit, but
after adding support for the on-board I/O shims for networking, PCI,
USB, crypto, compression, I2CS, etc., there end up being about 20 files
in each directory.

More information on the IORPC framework is in the <hv/iorpc.h> header,
included in this commit.

Signed-off-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
---
arch/tile/Kconfig | 2 +
arch/tile/Makefile | 1 +
arch/tile/gxio/Kconfig | 7 +
arch/tile/gxio/Makefile | 5 +
arch/tile/gxio/iorpc_globals.c | 102 +++++
arch/tile/gxio/kiorpc.c | 60 +++
arch/tile/include/gxio/common.h | 40 ++
arch/tile/include/gxio/iorpc_globals.h | 38 ++
arch/tile/include/gxio/kiorpc.h | 29 ++
arch/tile/include/hv/iorpc.h | 716 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
10 files changed, 1000 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/tile/gxio/Kconfig
create mode 100644 arch/tile/gxio/Makefile
create mode 100644 arch/tile/gxio/iorpc_globals.c
create mode 100644 arch/tile/gxio/kiorpc.c
create mode 100644 arch/tile/include/gxio/common.h
create mode 100644 arch/tile/include/gxio/iorpc_globals.h
create mode 100644 arch/tile/include/gxio/kiorpc.h
create mode 100644 arch/tile/include/hv/iorpc.h
diff --git a/arch/tile/Kconfig b/arch/tile/Kconfig
index 6599679..533820c 100644
--- a/arch/tile/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/tile/Kconfig
@@ -346,6 +346,8 @@ config KERNEL_PL
kernel will be built to run at. Generally you should use
the default value here.

+source "arch/tile/gxio/Kconfig"
+
endmenu # Tilera-specific configuration

menu "Bus options"
diff --git a/arch/tile/Makefile b/arch/tile/Makefile
index 17acce7..ea5966e 100644
--- a/arch/tile/Makefile
+++ b/arch/tile/Makefile
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ libs-y += $(LIBGCC_PATH)
# See arch/tile/Kbuild for content of core part of the kernel
core-y += arch/tile/

+core-$(CONFIG_TILE_GXIO) += arch/tile/gxio/
core-$(CONFIG_KVM) += arch/tile/kvm/

ifdef TILERA_ROOT
diff --git a/arch/tile/gxio/Kconfig b/arch/tile/gxio/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c2bae7d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/tile/gxio/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+config TILE_GXIO
+ bool "Tilera Gx I/O support"
+ depends on TILEGX
+ ---help---
+ This option supports direct access to TILE-Gx hardware from
+ user space, via the gxio library, or from kernel space, via
+ kernel IORPC support.
diff --git a/arch/tile/gxio/Makefile b/arch/tile/gxio/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..db1ee28
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/tile/gxio/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+#
+# Makefile for the Tile-Gx device access support.
+#
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_TILE_GXIO) += iorpc_globals.o kiorpc.o
diff --git a/arch/tile/gxio/iorpc_globals.c b/arch/tile/gxio/iorpc_globals.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3d60a1f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/tile/gxio/iorpc_globals.c
@@ -0,0 +1,102 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2011 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
+ * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ */
+
+/* This file is machine-generated; DO NOT EDIT! */
+#include "gxio/iorpc_globals.h"
+
+typedef struct {
+ iorpc_pollfd_t pollfd;
+} arm_pollfd_param_t;
+
+int __iorpc_arm_pollfd(int fd, int pollfd_cookie)
+{
+ uint64_t __offset;
+ int __result;
+ arm_pollfd_param_t temp;
+ arm_pollfd_param_t *params = &temp;
+ size_t __size = sizeof(*params);
+
+ params->pollfd.kernel.cookie = pollfd_cookie;
+
+ __offset = IORPC_OP_ARM_POLLFD;
+ __result = hv_dev_pwrite(fd, 0, (HV_VirtAddr) params, __size, __offset);
+ return __result;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__iorpc_arm_pollfd);
+
+typedef struct {
+ iorpc_pollfd_t pollfd;
+} close_pollfd_param_t;
+
+int __iorpc_close_pollfd(int fd, int pollfd_cookie)
+{
+ uint64_t __offset;
+ int __result;
+ close_pollfd_param_t temp;
+ close_pollfd_param_t *params = &temp;
+ size_t __size = sizeof(*params);
+
+ params->pollfd.kernel.cookie = pollfd_cookie;
+
+ __offset = IORPC_OP_CLOSE_POLLFD;
+ __result = hv_dev_pwrite(fd, 0, (HV_VirtAddr) params, __size, __offset);
+ return __result;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__iorpc_close_pollfd);
+
+typedef struct {
+ HV_PTE base;
+} get_mmio_base_param_t;
+
+int __iorpc_get_mmio_base(int fd, HV_PTE *base)
+{
+ uint64_t __offset;
+ int __result;
+ get_mmio_base_param_t temp;
+ get_mmio_base_param_t *params = &temp;
+ size_t __size = sizeof(*params);
+
+ __offset = IORPC_OP_GET_MMIO_BASE;
+ __result = hv_dev_pread(fd, 0, (HV_VirtAddr) params, __size, __offset);
+ *base = params->base;
+
+ return __result;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__iorpc_get_mmio_base);
+
+typedef struct {
+ unsigned long offset;
+ unsigned long size;
+} check_mmio_offset_param_t;
+
+int __iorpc_check_mmio_offset(int fd, unsigned long offset, unsigned long size)
+{
+ uint64_t __offset;
+ int __result;
+ check_mmio_offset_param_t temp;
+ check_mmio_offset_param_t *params = &temp;
+ size_t __size = sizeof(*params);
+
+ params->offset = offset;
+ params->size = size;
+
+ __offset = IORPC_OP_CHECK_MMIO_OFFSET;
+ __result = hv_dev_pwrite(fd, 0, (HV_VirtAddr) params, __size, __offset);
+ return __result;
+}
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__iorpc_check_mmio_offset);
diff --git a/arch/tile/gxio/kiorpc.c b/arch/tile/gxio/kiorpc.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1ad01c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/tile/gxio/kiorpc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2011 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
+ * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * TILE-Gx IORPC support for kernel I/O drivers.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/mmzone.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <gxio/iorpc_globals.h>
+#include <gxio/kiorpc.h>
+
+#ifdef DEBUG_IORPC
+#define TRACE(FMT, ...) pr_info(SIMPLE_MSG_LINE FMT, ## __VA_ARGS__)
+#else
+#define TRACE(...)
+#endif
+
+/* Create kernel-VA-space MMIO mapping for an on-chip IO device. */
+void __iomem *iorpc_ioremap(int hv_fd, resource_size_t offset,
+ unsigned long size)
+{
+ pgprot_t mmio_base, prot = { 0 };
+ unsigned long pfn;
+ int err;
+
+ /* Look up the shim's lotar and base PA. */
+ err = __iorpc_get_mmio_base(hv_fd, &mmio_base);
+ if (err) {
+ TRACE("get_mmio_base() failure: %d\n", err);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ /* Make sure the HV driver approves of our offset and size. */
+ err = __iorpc_check_mmio_offset(hv_fd, offset, size);
+ if (err) {
+ TRACE("check_mmio_offset() failure: %d\n", err);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * mmio_base contains a base pfn and homing coordinates. Turn
+ * it into an MMIO pgprot and offset pfn.
+ */
+ prot = hv_pte_set_lotar(prot, hv_pte_get_lotar(mmio_base));
+ pfn = pte_pfn(mmio_base) + PFN_DOWN(offset);
+
+ return ioremap_prot(PFN_PHYS(pfn), size, prot);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(iorpc_ioremap);
diff --git a/arch/tile/include/gxio/common.h b/arch/tile/include/gxio/common.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e5ef1e2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/tile/include/gxio/common.h
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2011 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
+ * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _GXIO_COMMON_H_
+#define _GXIO_COMMON_H_
+
+/*
+ * Routines shared between the various GXIO device components.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+
+/* Define the standard gxio MMIO functions using kernel functions. */
+#define __gxio_mmio_read8(addr) readb(addr)
+#define __gxio_mmio_read16(addr) readw(addr)
+#define __gxio_mmio_read32(addr) readl(addr)
+#define __gxio_mmio_read64(addr) readq(addr)
+#define __gxio_mmio_write8(addr, val) writeb((val), (addr))
+#define __gxio_mmio_write16(addr, val) writew((val), (addr))
+#define __gxio_mmio_write32(addr, val) writel((val), (addr))
+#define __gxio_mmio_write64(addr, val) writeq((val), (addr))
+
+/* Default size is 64-bit. */
+#define __gxio_mmio_read(addr) __gxio_mmio_read64(addr)
+#define __gxio_mmio_write(addr, val) __gxio_mmio_write64(addr, val)
+
+#endif /* !_GXIO_COMMON_H_ */
diff --git a/arch/tile/include/gxio/iorpc_globals.h b/arch/tile/include/gxio/iorpc_globals.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3a8c07e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/tile/include/gxio/iorpc_globals.h
@@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2011 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
+ * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ */
+
+/* This file is machine-generated; DO NOT EDIT! */
+#ifndef __IORPC_LINUX_RPC_H__
+#define __IORPC_LINUX_RPC_H__
+
+#include <hv/iorpc.h>
+
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+
+#define IORPC_OP_ARM_POLLFD IORPC_OPCODE(IORPC_FORMAT_KERNEL_POLLFD, 0x9000)
+#define IORPC_OP_CLOSE_POLLFD IORPC_OPCODE(IORPC_FORMAT_KERNEL_POLLFD, 0x9001)
+#define IORPC_OP_GET_MMIO_BASE IORPC_OPCODE(IORPC_FORMAT_NONE_NOUSER, 0x8000)
+#define IORPC_OP_CHECK_MMIO_OFFSET IORPC_OPCODE(IORPC_FORMAT_NONE_NOUSER, 0x8001)
+
+int __iorpc_arm_pollfd(int fd, int pollfd_cookie);
+
+int __iorpc_close_pollfd(int fd, int pollfd_cookie);
+
+int __iorpc_get_mmio_base(int fd, HV_PTE *base);
+
+int __iorpc_check_mmio_offset(int fd, unsigned long offset, unsigned long size);
+
+#endif /* !__IORPC_LINUX_RPC_H__ */
diff --git a/arch/tile/include/gxio/kiorpc.h b/arch/tile/include/gxio/kiorpc.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..44df801
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/tile/include/gxio/kiorpc.h
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2011 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
+ * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * Support routines for kernel IORPC drivers.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _GXIO_KIORPC_H
+#define _GXIO_KIORPC_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <arch/chip.h>
+
+#if CHIP_HAS_MMIO()
+void __iomem *iorpc_ioremap(int hv_fd, resource_size_t offset,
+ unsigned long size);
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _GXIO_KIORPC_H */
diff --git a/arch/tile/include/hv/iorpc.h b/arch/tile/include/hv/iorpc.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..08db918
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/tile/include/hv/iorpc.h
@@ -0,0 +1,716 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2011 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
+ * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ */
+#ifndef _HV_IORPC_H_
+#define _HV_IORPC_H_
+
+/**
+ *
+ * Error codes and struct definitions for the IO RPC library.
+ *
+ * The hypervisor's IO RPC component provides a convenient way for
+ * driver authors to proxy system calls between user space, linux, and
+ * the hypervisor driver. The core of the system is a set of Python
+ * files that take ".idl" files as input and generates the following
+ * source code:
+ *
+ * - _rpc_call() routines for use in userspace IO libraries. These
+ * routines take an argument list specified in the .idl file, pack the
+ * arguments in to a buffer, and read or write that buffer via the
+ * Linux iorpc driver.
+ *
+ * - dispatch_read() and dispatch_write() routines that hypervisor
+ * drivers can use to implement most of their dev_pread() and
+ * dev_pwrite() methods. These routines decode the incoming parameter
+ * blob, permission check and translate parameters where appropriate,
+ * and then invoke a callback routine for whichever RPC call has
+ * arrived. The driver simply implements the set of callback
+ * routines.
+ *
+ * The IO RPC system also includes the Linux 'iorpc' driver, which
+ * proxies calls between the userspace library and the hypervisor
+ * driver. The Linux driver is almost entirely device agnostic; it
+ * watches for special flags indicating cases where a memory buffer
+ * address might need to be translated, etc. As a result, driver
+ * writers can avoid many of the problem cases related to registering
+ * hardware resources like memory pages or interrupts. However, the
+ * drivers must be careful to obey the conventions documented below in
+ * order to work properly with the generic Linux iorpc driver.
+ *
+ * @section iorpc_domains Service Domains
+ *
+ * All iorpc-based drivers must support a notion of service domains.
+ * A service domain is basically an application context - state
+ * indicating resources that are allocated to that particular app
+ * which it may access and (perhaps) other applications may not
+ * access. Drivers can support any number of service domains they
+ * choose. In some cases the design is limited by a number of service
+ * domains supported by the IO hardware; in other cases the service
+ * domains are a purely software concept and the driver chooses a
+ * maximum number of domains based on how much state memory it is
+ * willing to preallocate.
+ *
+ * For example, the mPIPE driver only supports as many service domains
+ * as are supported by the mPIPE hardware. This limitation is
+ * required because the hardware implements its own MMIO protection
+ * scheme to allow large MMIO mappings while still protecting small
+ * register ranges within the page that should only be accessed by the
+ * hypervisor.
+ *
+ * In contrast, drivers with no hardware service domain limitations
+ * (for instance the TRIO shim) can implement an arbitrary number of
+ * service domains. In these cases, each service domain is limited to
+ * a carefully restricted set of legal MMIO addresses if necessary to
+ * keep one application from corrupting another application's state.
+ *
+ * @section iorpc_conventions System Call Conventions
+ *
+ * The driver's open routine is responsible for allocating a new
+ * service domain for each hv_dev_open() call. By convention, the
+ * return value from open() should be the service domain number on
+ * success, or GXIO_ERR_NO_SVC_DOM if no more service domains are
+ * available.
+ *
+ * The implementations of hv_dev_pread() and hv_dev_pwrite() are
+ * responsible for validating the devhdl value passed up by the
+ * client. Since the device handle returned by hv_dev_open() should
+ * embed the positive service domain number, drivers should make sure
+ * that DRV_HDL2BITS(devhdl) is a legal service domain. If the client
+ * passes an illegal service domain number, the routine should return
+ * GXIO_ERR_INVAL_SVC_DOM. Once the service domain number has been
+ * validated, the driver can copy to/from the client buffer and call
+ * the dispatch_read() or dispatch_write() methods created by the RPC
+ * generator.
+ *
+ * The hv_dev_close() implementation should reset all service domain
+ * state and put the service domain back on a free list for
+ * reallocation by a future application. In most cases, this will
+ * require executing a hardware reset or drain flow and denying any
+ * MMIO regions that were created for the service domain.
+ *
+ * @section iorpc_data Special Data Types
+ *
+ * The .idl file syntax allows the creation of syscalls with special
+ * parameters that require permission checks or translations as part
+ * of the system call path. Because of limitations in the code
+ * generator, APIs are generally limited to just one of these special
+ * parameters per system call, and they are sometimes required to be
+ * the first or last parameter to the call. Special parameters
+ * include:
+ *
+ * @subsection iorpc_mem_buffer MEM_BUFFER
+ *
+ * The MEM_BUFFER() datatype allows user space to "register" memory
+ * buffers with a device. Registering memory accomplishes two tasks:
+ * Linux keeps track of all buffers that might be modified by a
+ * hardware device, and the hardware device drivers bind registered
+ * buffers to particular hardware resources like ingress NotifRings.
+ * The MEM_BUFFER() idl syntax can take extra flags like ALIGN_64KB,
+ * ALIGN_SELF_SIZE, and FLAGS indicating that memory buffers must have
+ * certain alignment or that the user should be able to pass a "memory
+ * flags" word specifying attributes like nt_hint or IO cache pinning.
+ * The parser will accept multiple MEM_BUFFER() flags.
+ *
+ * Implementations must obey the following conventions when
+ * registering memory buffers via the iorpc flow. These rules are a
+ * result of the Linux driver implementation, which needs to keep
+ * track of how many times a particular page has been registered with
+ * the hardware so that it can release the page when all those
+ * registrations are cleared.
+ *
+ * - Memory registrations that refer to a resource which has already
+ * been bound must return GXIO_ERR_ALREADY_INIT. Thus, it is an
+ * error to register memory twice without resetting (i.e. closing) the
+ * resource in between. This convention keeps the Linux driver from
+ * having to track which particular devices a page is bound to.
+ *
+ * - At present, a memory registration is only cleared when the
+ * service domain is reset. In this case, the Linux driver simply
+ * closes the HV device file handle and then decrements the reference
+ * counts of all pages that were previously registered with the
+ * device.
+ *
+ * - In the future, we may add a mechanism for unregistering memory.
+ * One possible implementation would require that the user specify
+ * which buffer is currently registered. The HV would then verify
+ * that that page was actually the one currently mapped and return
+ * success or failure to Linux, which would then only decrement the
+ * page reference count if the addresses were mapped. Another scheme
+ * might allow Linux to pass a token to the HV to be returned when the
+ * resource is unmapped.
+ *
+ * @subsection iorpc_interrupt INTERRUPT
+ *
+ * The INTERRUPT .idl datatype allows the client to bind hardware
+ * interrupts to a particular combination of IPI parameters - CPU, IPI
+ * PL, and event bit number. This data is passed via a special
+ * datatype so that the Linux driver can validate the CPU and PL and
+ * the HV generic iorpc code can translate client CPUs to real CPUs.
+ *
+ * @subsection iorpc_pollfd_setup POLLFD_SETUP
+ *
+ * The POLLFD_SETUP .idl datatype allows the client to set up hardware
+ * interrupt bindings which are received by Linux but which are made
+ * visible to user processes as state transitions on a file descriptor;
+ * this allows user processes to use Linux primitives, such as poll(), to
+ * await particular hardware events. This data is passed via a special
+ * datatype so that the Linux driver may recognize the pollable file
+ * descriptor and translate it to a set of interrupt target information,
+ * and so that the HV generic iorpc code can translate client CPUs to real
+ * CPUs.
+ *
+ * @subsection iorpc_pollfd POLLFD
+ *
+ * The POLLFD .idl datatype allows manipulation of hardware interrupt
+ * bindings set up via the POLLFD_SETUP datatype; common operations are
+ * resetting the state of the requested interrupt events, and unbinding any
+ * bound interrupts. This data is passed via a special datatype so that
+ * the Linux driver may recognize the pollable file descriptor and
+ * translate it to an interrupt identifier previously supplied by the
+ * hypervisor as the result of an earlier pollfd_setup operation.
+ *
+ * @subsection iorpc_blob BLOB
+ *
+ * The BLOB .idl datatype allows the client to write an arbitrary
+ * length string of bytes up to the hypervisor driver. This can be
+ * useful for passing up large, arbitrarily structured data like
+ * classifier programs. The iorpc stack takes care of validating the
+ * buffer VA and CPA as the data passes up to the hypervisor. Unlike
+ * MEM_BUFFER(), the buffer is not registered - Linux does not bump
+ * page refcounts and the HV driver should not reuse the buffer once
+ * the system call is complete.
+ *
+ * @section iorpc_translation Translating User Space Calls
+ *
+ * The ::iorpc_offset_t structure describes the formatting of the offset
+ * that is passed to pread() or pwrite() as part of the generated RPC code.
+ * When the user calls up to Linux, the rpc code fills in all the fields of
+ * the offset, including a 16-bit opcode, a 16 bit format indicator, and 32
+ * bits of user-specified "sub-offset". The opcode indicates which syscall
+ * is being requested. The format indicates whether there is a "prefix
+ * struct" at the start of the memory buffer passed to pwrite(), and if so
+ * what data is in that prefix struct. These prefix structs are used to
+ * implement special datatypes like MEM_BUFFER() and INTERRUPT - we arrange
+ * to put data that needs translation and permission checks at the start of
+ * the buffer so that the Linux driver and generic portions of the HV iorpc
+ * code can easily access the data. The 32 bits of user-specified
+ * "sub-offset" are most useful for pread() calls where the user needs to
+ * also pass in a few bits indicating which register to read, etc.
+ *
+ * The Linux iorpc driver watches for system calls that contain prefix
+ * structs so that it can translate parameters and bump reference
+ * counts as appropriate. It does not (currently) have any knowledge
+ * of the per-device opcodes - it doesn't care what operation you're
+ * doing to mPIPE, so long as it can do all the generic book-keeping.
+ * The hv/iorpc.h header file defines all of the generic encoding bits
+ * needed to translate iorpc calls without knowing which particular
+ * opcode is being issued.
+ *
+ * @section iorpc_globals Global iorpc Calls
+ *
+ * Implementing mmap() required adding some special iorpc syscalls
+ * that are only called by the Linux driver, never by userspace.
+ * These include get_mmio_base() and check_mmio_offset(). These
+ * routines are described in globals.idl and must be included in every
+ * iorpc driver. By providing these routines in every driver, Linux's
+ * mmap implementation can easily get the PTE bits it needs and
+ * validate the PA offset without needing to know the per-device
+ * opcodes to perform those tasks.
+ *
+ * @section iorpc_kernel Supporting gxio APIs in the Kernel
+ *
+ * The iorpc code generator also supports generation of kernel code
+ * implementing the gxio APIs. This capability is currently used by
+ * the mPIPE network driver, and will likely be used by the TRIO root
+ * complex and endpoint drivers and perhaps an in-kernel crypto
+ * driver. Each driver that wants to instantiate iorpc calls in the
+ * kernel needs to generate a kernel version of the generate rpc code
+ * and (probably) copy any related gxio source files into the kernel.
+ * The mPIPE driver provides a good example of this pattern.
+ */
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+#include <linux/stddef.h>
+#else
+#include <stddef.h>
+#endif
+
+#if defined(__HV__)
+#include <hv/hypervisor.h>
+#elif defined(__KERNEL__)
+#include "hypervisor.h"
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#else
+#include <stdint.h>
+#endif
+
+
+/** Code indicating translation services required within the RPC path.
+ * These indicate whether there is a translatable struct at the start
+ * of the RPC buffer and what information that struct contains.
+ */
+enum iorpc_format_e
+{
+ /** No translation required, no prefix struct. */
+ IORPC_FORMAT_NONE,
+
+ /** No translation required, no prefix struct, no access to this
+ * operation from user space. */
+ IORPC_FORMAT_NONE_NOUSER,
+
+ /** Prefix struct contains user VA and size. */
+ IORPC_FORMAT_USER_MEM,
+
+ /** Prefix struct contains CPA, size, and homing bits. */
+ IORPC_FORMAT_KERNEL_MEM,
+
+ /** Prefix struct contains interrupt. */
+ IORPC_FORMAT_KERNEL_INTERRUPT,
+
+ /** Prefix struct contains user-level interrupt. */
+ IORPC_FORMAT_USER_INTERRUPT,
+
+ /** Prefix struct contains pollfd_setup (interrupt information). */
+ IORPC_FORMAT_KERNEL_POLLFD_SETUP,
+
+ /** Prefix struct contains user-level pollfd_setup (file descriptor). */
+ IORPC_FORMAT_USER_POLLFD_SETUP,
+
+ /** Prefix struct contains pollfd (interrupt cookie). */
+ IORPC_FORMAT_KERNEL_POLLFD,
+
+ /** Prefix struct contains user-level pollfd (file descriptor). */
+ IORPC_FORMAT_USER_POLLFD,
+};
+
+
+/** Generate an opcode given format and code. */
+#define IORPC_OPCODE(FORMAT, CODE) (((FORMAT) << 16) | (CODE))
+
+/** The offset passed through the read() and write() system calls
+ combines an opcode with 32 bits of user-specified offset. */
+typedef union
+{
+#ifndef __BIG_ENDIAN__
+ uint64_t offset; /**< All bits. */
+
+ struct
+ {
+ uint16_t code; /**< RPC code. */
+ uint16_t format; /**< iorpc_format_e */
+ uint32_t sub_offset; /**< caller-specified offset. */
+ };
+
+ uint32_t opcode; /**< Opcode combines code & format. */
+#else
+ uint64_t offset; /**< All bits. */
+
+ struct
+ {
+ uint32_t sub_offset; /**< caller-specified offset. */
+ uint16_t format; /**< iorpc_format_e */
+ uint16_t code; /**< RPC code. */
+ };
+
+ struct
+ {
+ uint32_t padding;
+ uint32_t opcode; /**< Opcode combines code & format. */
+ };
+#endif
+}
+iorpc_offset_t;
+
+
+/** Homing and cache hinting bits that can be used by IO devices. */
+typedef struct
+{
+ unsigned int lotar_x:4; /**< lotar X bits (or Gx page_mask). */
+ unsigned int lotar_y:4; /**< lotar Y bits (or Gx page_offset). */
+ unsigned int hfh:1; /**< Uses hash-for-home. */
+ unsigned int nt_hint:1; /**< Non-temporal hint. */
+ unsigned int io_pin:1; /**< Only fill 'IO' cache ways. */
+}
+iorpc_mem_attr_t;
+
+/** Set the nt_hint bit. */
+#define IORPC_MEM_BUFFER_FLAG_NT_HINT (1 << 0)
+
+/** Set the IO pin bit. */
+#define IORPC_MEM_BUFFER_FLAG_IO_PIN (1 << 1)
+
+
+/** A structure used to describe memory registration. Different
+ protection levels describe memory differently, so this union
+ contains all the different possible descriptions. As a request
+ moves up the call chain, each layer translates from one
+ description format to the next. In particular, the Linux iorpc
+ driver translates user VAs into CPAs and homing parameters. */
+typedef union
+{
+ struct
+ {
+ uint64_t va; /**< User virtual address. */
+ uint64_t size; /**< Buffer size. */
+ unsigned int flags; /**< nt_hint, IO pin. */
+ }
+ user; /**< Buffer as described by user apps. */
+
+ struct
+ {
+ unsigned long long cpa; /**< Client physical address. */
+#if defined(__KERNEL__) || defined(__HV__)
+ size_t size; /**< Buffer size. */
+ HV_PTE pte; /**< PTE describing memory homing. */
+#else
+ uint64_t size;
+ uint64_t pte;
+#endif
+ unsigned int flags; /**< nt_hint, IO pin. */
+ }
+ kernel; /**< Buffer as described by kernel. */
+
+ struct
+ {
+ unsigned long long pa; /**< Physical address. */
+ size_t size; /**< Buffer size. */
+ iorpc_mem_attr_t attr; /**< Homing and locality hint bits. */
+ }
+ hv; /**< Buffer parameters for HV driver. */
+} iorpc_mem_buffer_t;
+
+
+/** A structure used to describe interrupts. The format differs slightly
+ * for user and kernel interrupts. As with the mem_buffer_t, translation
+ * between the formats is done at each level. */
+typedef union
+{
+ struct
+ {
+ int cpu; /**< CPU. */
+ int event; /**< evt_num */
+ }
+ user; /**< Interrupt as described by user applications. */
+
+ struct
+ {
+ int x; /**< X coord. */
+ int y; /**< Y coord. */
+ int ipi; /**< int_num */
+ int event; /**< evt_num */
+ }
+ kernel; /**< Interrupt as described by the kernel. */
+
+} iorpc_interrupt_t;
+
+
+/** A structure used to describe interrupts used with poll(). The format
+ * differs significantly for requests from user to kernel, and kernel to
+ * hypervisor. As with the mem_buffer_t, translation between the formats
+ * is done at each level. */
+typedef union
+{
+ struct
+ {
+ int fd; /**< Pollable file descriptor. */
+ }
+ user; /**< pollfd_setup as described by user applications. */
+
+ struct
+ {
+ int x; /**< X coord. */
+ int y; /**< Y coord. */
+ int ipi; /**< int_num */
+ int event; /**< evt_num */
+ }
+ kernel; /**< pollfd_setup as described by the kernel. */
+
+} iorpc_pollfd_setup_t;
+
+
+/** A structure used to describe previously set up interrupts used with
+ * poll(). The format differs significantly for requests from user to
+ * kernel, and kernel to hypervisor. As with the mem_buffer_t, translation
+ * between the formats is done at each level. */
+typedef union
+{
+ struct
+ {
+ int fd; /**< Pollable file descriptor. */
+ }
+ user; /**< pollfd as described by user applications. */
+
+ struct
+ {
+ int cookie; /**< hv cookie returned by the pollfd_setup operation. */
+ }
+ kernel; /**< pollfd as described by the kernel. */
+
+} iorpc_pollfd_t;
+
+
+/** The various iorpc devices use error codes from -1100 to -1299.
+ *
+ * This range is distinct from netio (-700 to -799), the hypervisor
+ * (-800 to -899), tilepci (-900 to -999), ilib (-1000 to -1099),
+ * gxcr (-1300 to -1399) and gxpci (-1400 to -1499).
+ */
+enum gxio_err_e {
+
+ /** Largest iorpc error number. */
+ GXIO_ERR_MAX = -1101,
+
+
+ /********************************************************/
+ /* Generic Error Codes */
+ /********************************************************/
+
+ /** Bad RPC opcode - possible version incompatibility. */
+ GXIO_ERR_OPCODE = -1101,
+
+ /** Invalid parameter. */
+ GXIO_ERR_INVAL = -1102,
+
+ /** Memory buffer did not meet alignment requirements. */
+ GXIO_ERR_ALIGNMENT = -1103,
+
+ /** Memory buffers must be coherent and cacheable. */
+ GXIO_ERR_COHERENCE = -1104,
+
+ /** Resource already initialized. */
+ GXIO_ERR_ALREADY_INIT = -1105,
+
+ /** No service domains available. */
+ GXIO_ERR_NO_SVC_DOM = -1106,
+
+ /** Illegal service domain number. */
+ GXIO_ERR_INVAL_SVC_DOM = -1107,
+
+ /** Illegal MMIO address. */
+ GXIO_ERR_MMIO_ADDRESS = -1108,
+
+ /** Illegal interrupt binding. */
+ GXIO_ERR_INTERRUPT = -1109,
+
+ /** Unreasonable client memory. */
+ GXIO_ERR_CLIENT_MEMORY = -1110,
+
+ /** No more IOTLB entries. */
+ GXIO_ERR_IOTLB_ENTRY = -1111,
+
+ /** Invalid memory size. */
+ GXIO_ERR_INVAL_MEMORY_SIZE = -1112,
+
+ /** Unsupported operation. */
+ GXIO_ERR_UNSUPPORTED_OP = -1113,
+
+ /** Insufficient DMA credits. */
+ GXIO_ERR_DMA_CREDITS = -1114,
+
+ /** Operation timed out. */
+ GXIO_ERR_TIMEOUT = -1115,
+
+ /** No such device or object. */
+ GXIO_ERR_NO_DEVICE = -1116,
+
+ /** Device or resource busy. */
+ GXIO_ERR_BUSY = -1117,
+
+ /** I/O error. */
+ GXIO_ERR_IO = -1118,
+
+ /** Permissions error. */
+ GXIO_ERR_PERM = -1119,
+
+
+
+ /********************************************************/
+ /* Test Device Error Codes */
+ /********************************************************/
+
+ /** Illegal register number. */
+ GXIO_TEST_ERR_REG_NUMBER = -1120,
+
+ /** Illegal buffer slot. */
+ GXIO_TEST_ERR_BUFFER_SLOT = -1121,
+
+
+ /********************************************************/
+ /* MPIPE Error Codes */
+ /********************************************************/
+
+
+ /** Invalid buffer size. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_INVAL_BUFFER_SIZE = -1131,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate buffer stack. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_NO_BUFFER_STACK = -1140,
+
+ /** Invalid buffer stack number. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_BAD_BUFFER_STACK = -1141,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate NotifRing. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_NO_NOTIF_RING = -1142,
+
+ /** Invalid NotifRing number. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_BAD_NOTIF_RING = -1143,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate NotifGroup. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_NO_NOTIF_GROUP = -1144,
+
+ /** Invalid NotifGroup number. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_BAD_NOTIF_GROUP = -1145,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate bucket. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_NO_BUCKET = -1146,
+
+ /** Invalid bucket number. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_BAD_BUCKET = -1147,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate eDMA ring. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_NO_EDMA_RING = -1148,
+
+ /** Invalid eDMA ring number. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_BAD_EDMA_RING = -1149,
+
+ /** Invalid channel number. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_BAD_CHANNEL = -1150,
+
+ /** Bad configuration. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_BAD_CONFIG = -1151,
+
+ /** Empty iqueue. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_IQUEUE_EMPTY = -1152,
+
+ /** Empty rules. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_RULES_EMPTY = -1160,
+
+ /** Full rules. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_RULES_FULL = -1161,
+
+ /** Corrupt rules. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_RULES_CORRUPT = -1162,
+
+ /** Invalid rules. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_RULES_INVALID = -1163,
+
+ /** Classifier is too big. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_CLASSIFIER_TOO_BIG = -1170,
+
+ /** Classifier is too complex. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_CLASSIFIER_TOO_COMPLEX = -1171,
+
+ /** Classifier has bad header. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_CLASSIFIER_BAD_HEADER = -1172,
+
+ /** Classifier has bad contents. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_CLASSIFIER_BAD_CONTENTS = -1173,
+
+ /** Classifier encountered invalid symbol. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_CLASSIFIER_INVAL_SYMBOL = -1174,
+
+ /** Classifier encountered invalid bounds. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_CLASSIFIER_INVAL_BOUNDS = -1175,
+
+ /** Classifier encountered invalid relocation. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_CLASSIFIER_INVAL_RELOCATION = -1176,
+
+ /** Classifier encountered undefined symbol. */
+ GXIO_MPIPE_ERR_CLASSIFIER_UNDEF_SYMBOL = -1177,
+
+
+ /********************************************************/
+ /* TRIO Error Codes */
+ /********************************************************/
+
+ /** Cannot allocate memory map region. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_NO_MEMORY_MAP = -1180,
+
+ /** Invalid memory map region number. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_BAD_MEMORY_MAP = -1181,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate scatter queue. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_NO_SCATTER_QUEUE = -1182,
+
+ /** Invalid scatter queue number. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_BAD_SCATTER_QUEUE = -1183,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate push DMA ring. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_NO_PUSH_DMA_RING = -1184,
+
+ /** Invalid push DMA ring index. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_BAD_PUSH_DMA_RING = -1185,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate pull DMA ring. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_NO_PULL_DMA_RING = -1186,
+
+ /** Invalid pull DMA ring index. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_BAD_PULL_DMA_RING = -1187,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate PIO region. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_NO_PIO = -1188,
+
+ /** Invalid PIO region index. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_BAD_PIO = -1189,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate ASID. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_NO_ASID = -1190,
+
+ /** Invalid ASID. */
+ GXIO_TRIO_ERR_BAD_ASID = -1191,
+
+
+ /********************************************************/
+ /* MICA Error Codes */
+ /********************************************************/
+
+ /** No such accelerator type. */
+ GXIO_MICA_ERR_BAD_ACCEL_TYPE = -1220,
+
+ /** Cannot allocate context. */
+ GXIO_MICA_ERR_NO_CONTEXT = -1221,
+
+ /** PKA command queue is full, can't add another command. */
+ GXIO_MICA_ERR_PKA_CMD_QUEUE_FULL = -1222,
+
+ /** PKA result queue is empty, can't get a result from the queue. */
+ GXIO_MICA_ERR_PKA_RESULT_QUEUE_EMPTY = -1223,
+
+ /********************************************************/
+ /* GPIO Error Codes */
+ /********************************************************/
+
+ /** Pin not available. Either the physical pin does not exist, or
+ * it is reserved by the hypervisor for system usage. */
+ GXIO_GPIO_ERR_PIN_UNAVAILABLE = -1240,
+
+ /** Pin busy. The pin exists, and is available for use via GXIO, but
+ * it has been attached by some other process or driver. */
+ GXIO_GPIO_ERR_PIN_BUSY = -1241,
+
+ /** Cannot access unattached pin. One or more of the pins being
+ * manipulated by this call are not attached to the requesting
+ * context. */
+ GXIO_GPIO_ERR_PIN_UNATTACHED = -1242,
+
+ /** Invalid I/O mode for pin. The wiring of the pin in the system
+ * is such that the I/O mode or electrical control parameters
+ * requested could cause damage. */
+ GXIO_GPIO_ERR_PIN_INVALID_MODE = -1243,
+
+ /** Smallest iorpc error number. */
+ GXIO_ERR_MIN = -1299
+};
+
+
+#endif /* !_HV_IORPC_H_ */
--
1.6.5.2


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