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SubjectRe: [RFC] writeback and cgroup
On Wed, Apr 04, 2012 at 02:42:28PM -0700, Fengguang Wu wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 04, 2012 at 02:35:29PM -0400, Vivek Goyal wrote:
> > On Wed, Apr 04, 2012 at 10:51:24AM -0700, Fengguang Wu wrote:
> >
> > [..]
> > > The sweet split point would be for balance_dirty_pages() to do cgroup
> > > aware buffered write throttling and leave other IOs to the current
> > > blkcg. For this to work well as a total solution for end users, I hope
> > > we can cooperate and figure out ways for the two throttling entities
> > > to work well with each other.
> >
> > Throttling read + direct IO, higher up has few issues too. Users will
>
> Yeah I have a bit worry about high layer throttling, too.
> Anyway here are the ideas.
>
> > not like that a task got blocked as it tried to submit a read from a
> > throttled group.
>
> That's not the same issue I worried about :) Throttling is about
> inserting small sleep/waits into selected points. For reads, the ideal
> sleep point is immediately after readahead IO is summited, at the end
> of __do_page_cache_readahead(). The same should be applicable to
> direct IO.

But after a read the process might want to process the read data and
do something else altogether. So throttling the process after completing
the read is not the best thing.

>
> > Current async behavior works well where we queue up the
> > bio from the task in throttled group and let task do other things. Same
> > is true for AIO where we would not like to block in bio submission.
>
> For AIO, we'll need to delay the IO completion notification or status
> update, which may involve computing some delay time and delay the
> calls to io_complete() with the help of some delayed work queue. There
> may be more issues to deal with as I didn't look into aio.c carefully.

I don't know but delaying compltion notifications sounds odd to me. So
you don't throttle while submitting requests. That does not help with
pressure on request queue as process can dump whole bunch of IO without
waiting for completion?

What I like better that AIO is allowed to submit bunch of IO till it
hits the nr_requests limit on request queue and then it is blocked as
request queue is too busy and not enough request descriptors are free.

>
> The thing worried me is that in the proportional throttling case, the
> high level throttling works on the *estimated* task_ratelimit =
> disk_bandwidth / N, where N is the number of read IO tasks. When N
> suddenly changes from 2 to 1, it may take 1 second for the estimated
> task_ratelimit to adapt from disk_bandwidth/2 up to disk_bandwidth,
> during which time the disk won't get 100% utilized because of the
> temporally over-throttling of the remaining IO task.

I thought we were only considering the case of absolute throttling in
higher layers. Proportional IO will continue to be in CFQ. I don't think
we need to push proportional IO in higher layers.

>
> This is not a problem when throttling at the block/cfq layer, since it
> has the full information of pending requests and should not depend on
> such estimations.

CFQ does not even look at pending requests. It just maintains bunch
of IO queues and selects one queue to dispatch IO from based on its
weight. So proportional IO comes very naturally to CFQ.

>
> The workaround I can think of, is to put the throttled task into a wait
> queue, and let block layer wake up the waiters when the IO queue runs
> empty. This should be able to avoid most disk idle time.

Again, I am not convinced that proportional IO should go in higher layers.

For fast devices we are already suffering from queue locking overhead and
Jens seems to have patches for multi queue. Now by trying to implement
something at higher layer, that locking overhead will show up there too
and we will end up doing something similar to multi queue there and it
is not desirable.

Thanks
Vivek


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