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SubjectRe: [PATCH] nextfd(2)
(4/2/12 4:56 PM), H. Peter Anvin wrote:
> On 04/02/2012 04:17 PM, KOSAKI Motohiro wrote:
>>
>> Sorry for the long delay comment. I realized this thread now. I think
>> /proc no mount case is not good explanation for the worth of this patch. The problem
>> is, we can't use opendir() after fork() if an app has multi threads.
>>
>> SUS clearly say so,
>> http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/009695399/functions/fork.html
>>
>> we can only call async-signal-safe functions after fork() when multi threads and
>> opendir() call malloc() internally.
>>
>> As far as I know, OpenJDK has a such fork-readdir-exec code and it can
>> make deadlock
>> when spawnning a new process. Unfortunately Java language perfeter to
>> make a lot of threads rather than other language.
>>
>> This patch can solve such multi threaded case.
>>
>> offtopic, glibc malloc is a slightly clever. It reinitialize its
>> internal lock when fork by using thread_atfork() hook. It mean glibc malloc can be used after
>> fork() and the technique can avoid this issue. But, glibc malloc still has several
>> performance problem and many people prefer to use jemalloc or google malloc instead. Then,
>> they hit an old issue, bah.
>>
>
> OK, so what you're saying here is:
>
> Linux doesn't actually have a problem unless:
> 1. You use the library implementation of opendir/readdir/closedir;
> 2. You use a nonstandard malloc for the platform which doesn't
> correctly set up fork hooks (which I would consider a bug);

Right. but I'm argue "correctly set up" term because SUS/POSIX don't require it.
It is only a workaround of buggy userland in glibc. SUS still says you can't
use opendir and typical userland people don't want ignore SUS as far as possible.


> You can deal with this in one of two ways:
>
> 2. Fix your malloc().
> 1. Use the low level open()/getdents()/close() functions instead of
> opendir()/readdir()/closedir().

Ideally possible. but practically impossible. 2) people don't use a their
own malloc. they only uses open sources alternative malloc. And, I think
you have too narrowing concern. Even though malloc people adds a workaround,
the standard inhibit to use it and people may continue to use more dangerous
RLIM_NOFILE loop. 1) I haven't seen _practical_ userland software uses such
linux internal hacking. Almost all major software can run on multiple OSs.


>> and I've received a request that linux aim fdwalk() several times. Example,
>
> It doesn't sound very hard to implement fdwalk() in terms of
> open/getdents/close without using malloc; since the fdwalk() interface
> lets you use the stack for storage. You can then implement closefrom()
> in terms of fdwalk(). Something like this (untested):
>
> int fdwalk(int (*func)(void *, int), void *cd)
> {
> char buf[4096]; /* ... could be less... */
> const char *p, *q;
> const struct linux_dirent *dp
> int dfd, fd;
> unsigned char c;
> int rv = 0;
> int sz;
>
> dfd = open("/proc/self/fd", O_RDONLY|O_DIRECTORY|O_CLOEXEC);
> if (dfd< 0)
> return -1;
>
> /*** XXX: may want to check for procfs magic here ***/
>
> while ((sz = getdents(dfd, buf, sizeof buf))> 0) {
> p = buf;
>
> while (sz> offsetof(struct linux_dirent, d_name)) {
> dp = (const struct linux_dirent *)p;
>
> if (sz< dp->d_reclen)
> break;
>
> q = dp->d_name;
> p += dp->d_reclen;
> sz -= dp->d_reclen;
>
> fd = 0;
> while (q< p&& (c = *q++)) {
> c -= '0';
> if (c>= 10)
> goto skip;
> fd = fd*10 + c;
> }
>
> if (fd != dfd)
> rv = func(cd, fd);
> skip:
> ;
> }
> }
>
> if (close(dfd))
> return -1;
>
> return rv;
> }

It can. but more ugly. no?



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